Silver Hydrogen Peroxide marketed under the trade name of Alstasan Silvox by Chemtex Speciality Limited is a universal broad spectrum biocide with varied applications from soil disinfection to potable water disinfectant. As a poultry disinfectant, it stops spread of poultry diseases, even as a dairy disinfectant for sterilization of milk and equipment, aquaculture disinfectant for checking microbial growth in waters, effective for waste water sanitation from pharma, textiles and other industries. Swimming pool treatment and irrigation water sterilization are other notable applications. Silver H2O2 achieves effective sterilization in hospitals.
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Silver Hydrogen Peroxide, as the name suggests is a
synergized composition of hydrogen peroxide stabilized
with silver ions in the form of silver nitrate or infused Silver
Nano particles. In either of the cases, the disinfecting
property of AgH2O2 remains superior compared to all other
known forms and compositions of disinfectants till date.
The more popular choices for chemical disinfectants before
the introduction of silver hydrogen peroxide included
Chlorine, Glutaraldehyde and Peracetic Acid that were
used extensively for all disinfecting and sterilizing
operations. But neither of these properly adhered to the
requisites of an ideal disinfectant.
The main criteria being:
No residual toxicity
Safe for humans and animals
Stable in applied environment
Chlorine was associated with formation of toxic disinfection by-products (DBPs), Glutaraldehyde had mutagenic and
carcinogenic effects and Peracetic acid was found extremely unstable.
On the contrary, Hydrogen Peroxide is a strong oxidizer formed by combination of water with ozone. The bonds
between the molecule and oxygen atom are unstable and easily break releasing free oxygen that oxidizes organic
matter. Thus H2O2 disinfects by oxidizing cell membranes and inner cell structures of pathogens. It is a great biocide;
being a strong oxidizing agent and more effective than chlorine. It is also less toxic and easily biodegrades. Breaking into
water and oxygen, it is world’s safest sanitizer.
H2O2 is stabilized using silver so as to increase its efficacy. Silver acts both as a stabilizer and an activator. In addition to
this, silver is shown to have certain disinfectant properties of its own. Addition of silver greatly reduces the quick
decomposition of H2O2. In presence of silver, the peroxide decomposes only in presence of biological contaminants. The
decomposed H2O2 oxidizes the cell wall, cell membrane and cytoplasm of the pathogens, the DNA is destroyed thus
killing the organism. Silver is known to react with certain proteins in the DNA and act as a biostat, inhibiting further
growth of the pathogens. All the while the unused peroxide remains stable in the environment owing to the silver
present. This is called “depot action”.
Hydrogen Peroxide and Silver are neither toxic nor produce DPBs upon decomposition. It dissociates producing water
and oxygen and the residual silver has been proven to have no ill effects on man and environment.
Silver Hydrogen Peroxide is by far the best all purpose multi-utility disinfectant because:
It is effective against all kinds of bacteria, viruses, yeast, mould and spore formers
It is Environmentally friendly - practically 100% degradable breaking down to water and oxygen
Does not create odor or alter the taste of foodstuffs or treated water
Highly effective over long periods even at very high water temperatures
Has no toxic effect in its diluted state
No carcinogenic or mutagenic effect
Long shelf life: maximum loss of concentration 3% per year
Low corrosive effect
Equipment and operation costs are low
Food & Beverage Sector: Drinks Industry, Dairy Industry, Food processing Industry
Agriculture Sector: Animal Husbandry, Fruit orchards and vegetable farms, Tobacco and cotton manufacturers
Air conditioning and Refrigeration Plants: Humidifiers, Cooling towers for elimination of algae
Hospitals, Public and Commercial Buildings: Medical equipment and room disinfection, sanitary disinfectant in
commercial institutions, Pharmaceuticals
Consumer goods and amenities: Drinking water, Swimming pools, Wastewater treatment etc.