The First Amendment for Local Governments. Mark Flynn General Counsel Virginia Municipal League. L.A. City Council discusses medical marijuana. Anaheim City Council Council meeting closed by fire marshal. Protest of shooting of citizen. Back to 1791. 1 st Amendment:
Virginia Municipal League
Congress shall make no lawrespecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Speech limited to topic under consideration
During limited public forum portion of meeting
1st Amendment right does not extend to:
HAMPTON — Hampton Mayor Molly Joseph Ward on Thursday defended kicking former state lawmaker Tom Gear out of a City Council meeting on Wednesday, saying she had no choice but to enforce the council's rules.
Gear was forced to leave the meeting and charged with trespassing when he refused to stop demanding an answer to his question: When did Ward first learn about the Hampton Police Division's undercover cigarette operation?
"I believe it's my job as chair of the body to make sure that rules of protocol and decorum are followed," Ward said, saying Gear was out of order at the meeting. "I did my best to make sure that the rules of the body were followed.“ Daily Press, 10/11/12
§ 15.2-1400.D. A governing body may punish or fine a member of the governing body for disorderly behavior.
City passed rule to make street a non-public forum. Upheld by 4th Circuit.