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Life and Living Things PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Life and Living Things. Cells. What are the structures of a cell?. Compare and contrast plant and animal cells. Name the functions Of each structure in the cell. Complete the web with four characteristics of cells. All organisms -living things- are made of cells. Cells do the

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Life and Living Things

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Life and Living Things

Cells


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What are the structures of a cell?

Compare and contrast plant

and animal cells. Name the functions

Of each structure in the cell.


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Complete the web with four

characteristics of cells.

All organisms -living things-

are made of

cells.

Cells do the

jobs that keep

organisms

alive.

Cells

Cells are the smallest

part of a living thing.

These cells are like

tiny building blocks.


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What is the smallest part of this living thing?

Cells !


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BrainPOPCell Structures

  • What are some parts of cells? What do the parts do? How are cells different from one another? How do cells make more cells? What other questions do you have about cells?

Scroll down and click on cell structures.


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PARTS of a CELL

  • Cell membrane – the outside of a cell; it controls what comes in and out of a cell.

  • Cytoplasm – The gel-like fluid inside of a cell. The other organelles are embedded in the cytoplasm.

  • Nucleus – The control center of the cell

  • Vacuoles – Act as storage centers – stores water and nutrients and also wastes until the cell can get rid of them.


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Label the animal cell.

cytoplasm

Cell membrane

Nucleus

Vacuoles


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Parts of Plant Cells

  • Cell wall – additional outer covering around the outside of the cell. It provides extra strength and support to the plant cell.

  • Chloroplast – Where plants make their food. Chloroplasts contain chlorophyll which turns energy from sunlight into food for the plant. Chlorophyll is the reason that plants are green.


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Label the plant cell.

nucleus

Cell wall

chloroplasts

cytoplasm

Cell membrane


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Compare and Contrast

Animal CellsPlant Cells


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Compare and Contrast plant and animal cells.

Animal CellsPlant Cells

  • Cell membrane

  • Cytoplasm

  • Vacuoles

  • Nucleus

  • Cell wall

  • Cell membrane

  • Cytoplasm

  • Vacuoles

  • Chloroplasts

  • Nucleus


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Do you know that there are FIVE Kingdoms

of living things?

Moneran Protist Fungus Plant Animal

Many-

celled

Many-

celled

One-celled

with no

membrane

around the

nucleus

One-celled

Most are

many-

celled

Think of one example for each kingdom.


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Do you know that there are FIVE Kingdoms

of living things?

Moneran Protist Fungus Plant Animal

Many-

celled

Many-

celled

One-celled

Most are

many-

celled

One-celled

with no

membrane

around the

nucleus

Paramecium

Bacteria


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Design a Venn diagram comparing

multi-cell organisms with single-cell

organisms.

Multi-celled

Single-celled

animals

plants

fungi

monerans

protists


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What is a microorganism?

Organism – A single form of life; the

simplest level of life in an ecosystem.

Microorganism – very small, often one-celled, living things that are viewed through a microscope


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Protists

  • A protist is a single- celled organism that cannot be classified as an animal or a plant. Many protists are capable of producing their own food, like plants. Others eat microscopic organisms, or microorganisms.


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How do microorganisms affect us?

  • Microscopic producers make their own food which gives off about half the oxygen in our atmosphere. Microscopic consumers eat other microorganisms. Some act as decomposers and acts as recyclers – eating other dead organisms.


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