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Learn the Brachial Plexus in Five Minutes or Less






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Learn the Brachial Plexus in Five Minutes or Less. By Daniel S. Romm, M.D. Chief, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department of Veterans Affairs, Biloxi, Mississippi and Dennis A. Chu, M.D. This material is the result of work supported with resources and the use of facilities
Learn the Brachial Plexus in Five Minutes or Less

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Slide 1

Learn the Brachial Plexusin Five Minutes or Less

By Daniel S. Romm, M.D.

Chief, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Department of Veterans Affairs, Biloxi, Mississippi

and Dennis A. Chu, M.D.

This material is the result of work supported with resources and the use of facilities

at the VA Gulf Coast Veterans Health Care System.This material reflects the authors’ personal views

and in no way represents the official view of the Department of Veterans Affairs of the U.S. Government.

Slide 2

The brachial plexus contains the neural connections between the neck and brachial nerves.

This speedy method helps simplify understanding the diagram of the brachial plexus.

Slide 3

Draw two headless arrows to the right.

Slide 4

Add a headless arrow to the left.

Slide 5

Add a “W “.

Slide 6

Add an “X”.

Slide 7

Add a “Y”. (Just a branch of the “Y” is added.)

Slide 8

Label C5 to T1.

Slide 9

Label the major branches:

MC = musculocutaneous,

M = median U = ulnar

R = radial AX = auxiliary

Slide 10

This diagram includes the main branches and main nerve roots with the proper connections.

Slide 11

More complex diagramming of the brachial plexus includes the four “3s.”

Neurosurgeons, neurologists, and physiatrists will use this diagram system.

Slide 12

The first “3” is the branches to C5, 6, and 7 which form LTN = long thoracic nerve.

Slide 13

Next, each of the headless arrows has three nerves attached to it.To the top headless arrow, add its “3.”

Slide 14

Label these “3”: DSN = dorsoscapular nerve; SS = suprascapular nerve;

LP = lateral pectoral nerve.

Slide 15

Add the “3” to the middle headless arrow.

Slide 16

Label the second headless arrow “3”: SS = subscapular

TD = thoracodorsal nerve.

Slide 17

Add the final “3” on the bottom headless arrow.

Slide 18

Label the last “3.” MP = medial pectoral,

MBC = medial brachial cutaneous, and MABC = medial antebrachial cutaneous. Remember: the brachial cutaneous goes to the brachium or arm, and the MABC goes to the antebrachium or forearm. The nerve to the forearm starts distally.

Slide 19

Label roots, trunks, divisions, cords, terminal branches.

Slide 20

Radiologists, neurosurgeons and thoracic surgeons need to know the nerve to the subclavius (SUB).

Slide 21

The complete brachial plexus diagram:


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