Congestion control workshop summary
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Congestion Control Workshop Summary. July 28, 2012. What can we do?. Absent changes to the network can we actually do something? Yes Is there work in the area of measurements that can we do to create “incentives” to make updates in the network happen? Yes

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Congestion Control Workshop Summary

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Congestion control workshop summary

Congestion Control WorkshopSummary

July 28, 2012


What can we do

What can we do?

  • Absent changes to the network can we actually do something?

    • Yes

  • Is there work in the area of measurements that can we do to create “incentives” to make updates in the network happen?

    • Yes

  • Is it useful to develop a congestion control mechanism that assumes the problem is in the end host (browser) only? (Where there is idle capacity in the network.)

    • Yes

  • There is a wide range of normal delay variation in non congested networks

    • Investigate range and distribution to help design delay based algorithms


Two solution tracks

Two Solution Tracks

  • Requires longer timeframe to deploy

  • Improve network entities for those cases where network is congested.

  • Examples

    • Get ECN deployed

    • Queue segregation

    • Classification of traffic (e.g., DPI, QoS signaling)

  • Applicable to today’s timeframe

  • Avoiding self-inflicted queuing.

  • Approach: Ensure that the network does not get congested. Solution focuses on idle networks.

  • Congestion control for real-time media that browsers send.

  • Example:

    • Change the way TCP is used in browsers (avoid opening many concurrent TCP connections, interworking with DASH, use SPDY)

    • Single congestion manager on end host or browser


Design aspects for short term approach

Design Aspects for Short-Term Approach

  • Media is inherently variable. Codecs have limited scope for adaption

    • Focus on traffic characteristics of media (voice, video, data)

    • Different to TCP bulk transfer applications

    • Congestion controller needs to be aware of these limitations

    • Codecs may be bursty

    • Possibility to link congestion with current encoding

    • What information (if any) gets exchanged between codec and congestion control algorithm?

  • Startup behavior?


Design aspects for short term approach1

Design Aspects for Short-Term Approach

  • Feedback signals come in various forms:

    • RTCP, delay, loss,correlation between signal and jitter, etc.

    • Use explicit congestion signal, if available (obvious). Example: ECN

    • Need algorithm that reacts to all signals including delay, loss, ECN, etc.

  • Delay-based and Loss-based Algorithms

    • Achieve low latency with algorithm design

    • Delay based algorithms are needed in this mode (unless you have things like ECN)

    • Needs to not fail when competing with TCP in case of losses


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