Elizabethan era 1485 1603 late 15 th and early 17 th century
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Quiz Question. Elizabethan Era 1485-1603 Late 15 th and early 17 th century. Mrs. Shean. Directions: Take Cornell Notes Title: Elizabethan Era. Heading Information and pictures Vocabulary Information and pictures Dates Information and pictures

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Quiz Question

Elizabethan Era1485-1603Late 15th and early 17th century

Mrs. Shean

Directions: Take Cornell NotesTitle: Elizabethan Era

Heading Information and pictures

Vocabulary Information and pictures

Dates Information and pictures

*Write down the definitions of new words and highlight them.


Quiz Question

Elizabeth I

  • Queen Elizabeth I ruled over England during this time.

  • Much of Elizabeth’s success was in balancing the interests of the Puritans and the Catholics. She managed to offend neither to a large extent.

  • England was also well-off compared to the other nations of Europe.

  • Queen Elizabeth started her reign at the age of 25.

  • Her leadership allowed England to prosper. She changed the country from backwards to confident. She grew the nation and increased the navy that protected England throughout the Renaissance.

Video Clip

  • If the video doesn’t play automatically go to the Hamlet file and play the video titled:

    England under Queen Elizabeth_4.avi


At the beginning of this

period, ladies gowns were

modest. They had ruffled

sleeves (symbolizing upper

class), and a V-shaped

waist. The dresses were

made to show of small

waists and square

shoulders. Later, the ruffled

sleeves were turned to tight

sleeves, and the V-shaped

waist transformed into a

straight waist.


  • Women’s hair was always swept up, either in a snood (a gathered bag in the back, covering the hair), or in a popular heart-shaped style, which from the front looks like to little cones sticking out from either side of your hair. Queen Elizabeth wore this hairstyle for many of her portraits.


  • Men wore vest-like shirts called jerkins, and knee length pants that puffed out. Nobles wore fine leather shoes and either a velvet hat, silk hat, a tall feathery hat, or a tall fabric hat. Later on, the fashion was to wear long, billowing cloaks fastened with a pendant of chain. The hats changed to beaver hats or hats with a plume, feather, sticking out jauntily on one side. Silk stockings were added to the pants.

Working Class Clothing






Working Class Clothing


Working Class Clothing




Working Class Clothing



Farthingale: structures used under to support the skirts into the desired shape

Quiz Question

Men’s Shoes

Women’s Shoes

The Elizabethan view of pure beauty was a woman with light hair and a snow white complexion complimented with red cheeks and lips.

Quiz Question

V-shaped waist

V-shaped waist

Elizabethan fashion was highly elaborate. Clothes were decorated with heavy embroidery and decorated with jewels, spangles, pearls.

Padded shoulder sleeves

Semi cartwheel ruff with figure-of-eight lace

High collar figure-of-eight ruff

Clothes were designed with a layered approach requiring assistance in dressing from servants.

Upper class fashions were tight, hot and uncomfortable.

Deep figure-of-eight ruff

Cartwheel ruff with lace


Capotain: tall grey hat with a feather



Livery Collar: heavy chain, usually of gold, worn as political position.





Codpiece: a flap or pouch that attaches to the front of the crotch

Children’s ClothingChildren had to wear the same clothes as adults.

Children’s Clothing

Children’s Clothing

Children’s Clothing



Coif: a close fitting cap to keep hair in place.


  • Elizabethans were not allowed to wear what clothes they liked. Their clothing and items of apparel were dictated by the Elizabethan Sumptuary Laws which governed the style and materials worn!

  • The penalties for violating Sumptuary Laws could be harsh - fines, the loss of property, title and even life!

Quiz Question

Clothing Video

If the video clip doesn’t play automatically go to your Hamlet file and play the video titled Shakespearean clothing_7.avi

(5min. 32 sec.)

Crime and Punishment

Quiz Question

  • People were shamed publicly in front of large crowds.

  • Some punishments were done by the crowds. For example, the picture to the left people would walk by and spit on the prisoner.

  • Punishments were severe and often meant death for the prisoner.


  • England during the Elizabethan Era did not give its people a high standard of health. Various diseases and food problems emerged which made life difficult for them.


  • The serious lack of sanitation in Elizabethan England, especially in big cities, gave rise to many diseases endangering the lives of the people in England. Streets were filled with rotting garbage, sewers were blocked and rivers were contaminated by domestic waste. Epidemic diseases became increasingly common due to the growth of pests such as rats, fleas and lice, and were especially prevalent among children due to their high susceptibility to diseases.

  • Treatment:

  • Advanced medicine did not exist back in the 16th century, therefore people sought for basic remedies to various illnesses usually by making their own medicine and potions using herbs and plants. Most people also preferred home medicine and household remedy as they were much cheaper than seeing doctors and physicians.


  • People also tried to treat diseases using methods based on their superstitious beliefs. For example, some believed that the use of magic and gemstonescould cure mental illnesses and emotional discomfort. Astrology was used by doctors to heal their patients.

Quiz Question

The average lifespan of an adult male was 47 years, while the life expectancy of people in London was 35 years for the richer ones, and only 25 years for the less affluent ones. Death in infancy or early childhood was common. Also, about 40% of the people died before their middle teenage years.

An appointment with a qualified doctor would cost one gold coin, equivalent to 10 shillings Using the retail price index, 10 shillings from 1560 is worth $1346.52 in 2006, which was very expensive under common standards during the 16th century and was therefore almost entirely exclusive to the royalty, nobles and the rich.


coarse bread of barley or rye (largest portion of the diet)




fine white bread

the rich considered food from the ground as lowly (carrots, potatoes, etc.)









Food the Poor Ate

Food the Wealthy Ate

Quiz Question

Daily Life


  • There were many different types of Elizabethan sports and entertainment:

  • Feasts 

    • A large, elaborately prepared meal, usually for many persons and often accompanied by court entertainment. Often celebrated religious festivals

  • Banquets 

    • A ceremonial dinner honouring a particular guest

  • Fairs 

    • The Annual Summer Fair was often a bawdy affair

  • Plays 

    • Started as plays enacted in town squares followed by the actors using the courtyards of taverns or inns (referred to as Inn-yards) followed by the first theatres (great open air amphitheatres built in the same style as the Roman Coliseum) and then the introduction of indoor theatres called Playhouses

  • Mystery Plays 

    • Re-enactment of stories from the Bible

  • Festivals 

    • Celebrating Church festivals


  • Jousts / Tournaments 

    • A series of tilted matches between knights

  • Games and Sports 

    • Sports and games which included archery, bowling, cards, dice, hammer-throwing, quarter-staff contests, quoits, skittles and wrestling

  • Animal Sports 

    • Included bear and bull baiting, and dog and cock fighting

  • Hunting 

    • Sport followed by the nobility often using dogs

  • Hawking 

    • Sport followed by the nobility with hawks (otherwise known as falconry)


ANTICK = the fool in the old plays

BODIKIN = an oath (Today: “I swear”) 'Od's Bodikin,' God's little Body

CALIVER = a hand-gun

DROLLERY = a puppet-show

ENGLUT = to swallow speedily

FET = fetched

GAST = frightened

HOISE = to hoist, heave up on high

INLY = inward

LOWT = a clown

NEELD = a needle

OPE = open

QUICKEN = to come to life

STIGMATICAL = deformed

TREACHERS = traitors

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