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Warm-up #2. Write a paragraph addressing the life and presidency of John Adams. Brainpop. Watch the video on John Adams. Use the information you learned to help you complete the video quiz. XYZ Affair + Alien and Sedition Acts.

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warm up 2
Warm-up #2
  • Write a paragraph addressing the life and presidency of John Adams.
brainpop
Brainpop
  • Watch the video on John Adams. Use the information you learned to help you complete the video quiz.
xyz affair alien and sedition acts

XYZ Affair + Alien and Sedition Acts

How did Adams’ presidency challenge ideas of freedom of expression and other rights?

i xyz affair
I. XYZ Affair
  • A.
    • As soon as Adams became president, he wanted to fix relations between the US and France
      • Relations had been damaged because the US did not help them fight the British and the French were interfering with our merchant ships.
    • Adams sent US diplomats to Paris to smooth things out and negotiate a treaty to protect US shipping
b the drama
B. The Drama
  • When the diplomats arrived, three French agents told them that the foreign minister (Talleyrand) would only talk with them if he was paid a $250,000 bribe and France was given a $12 million loan
  • American Diplomats said no
  • March 1798—Adams told Congress what happened, substituting X, Y, and Z for the names of the French agents
questions to think about
Questions to think about:
  • What happened when the diplomats got to France?
    • Three agents tried to bribe the diplomats into meeting Talleyrand
  • What did the diplomats do?
    • Refused to pay the bribe
  • What did Adams do next?
    • Tell Congress what happened
c war or not
C. War… or not?
  • Federalists in Congress wanted war with France. Demo-reps want to avoid war.
  • Though Federalists wanted war, Adams eventually made peace with France through diplomacy.
  • Loss of Adams’ popularity and discrimination against French people living in the USA.
ii the alien and sedition acts
II. The Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Democratic-Republicans continued to support France, and this annoyed Federalists
  • 1798—Congress passed four laws—known as the Alien and Sedition Acts
    • One law made it hard for aliens to become citizens
    • One law prohibited criticism of the fed gov’t
    • Designed to crush opposition to war
  • Americans, especially Democratic-Republicans, were outraged
    • They said this violated their First Amendment rights
questions to think about1
Questions to think about:
  • What did the Alien and Sedition Acts do?
    • Made it harder to become a citizen, made criticism of the gov’t illegal
  • Why were they passed?
    • Silence opposition (mostly Dem-Repub) to war
iii virginia and kentucky resolutions
III. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
  • In response, Jefferson and Madison wrote the VA and KY Resolutions
    • Said Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional; therefore states did not have to obey the law
  • These resolutions weren’t powerful, but supported the idea that states could challenge the federal government
  • The Alien and Sedition Acts expired by 1802
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