The Rhetoric of Academic Writing. The Graduate Writing Center To make an appointment with a consultant: https://secure.gradsch.psu.edu/wccal/studentview.cfm Nicolette Hylan Matthew Price. Rhetoric . “The artful blend of fact and opinion”
The Graduate Writing Center
To make an appointment with a consultant:
“The artful blend of fact and opinion”
Audience—what do they expect, know, already hold as an opinion?
Ethos—what is your relationship to your audience and to your subject? What is your authority?
Context—in what venue will your work be published or presented?
Exigence—what is your reason for writing?
Research articles contribute new knowledge to a particular field
Organize your dolls!
Authorial contract (promise)
“In this paper, I aim (contend/argue)…”
Textual features (signposts)
“In order to understand A, one must first recognize B.”
“Contrary to point A, I would like to suggest point B.
Most importantly to my argument, A suggests…”
Coherence denotes a sense of connection between individual sentences and paragraphs. It is achieved through the following strategies:
A topic sentence accomplishes the following tasks:
1. Expresses a claim (not a fact) that supports the larger thesis
2. Indicates the content of the paragraph
2. Creates a transition from the previous paragraph
Example: “Although these critics have diagnosed Hamlet with indecision, his fatal flaw in fact lies in his hastiness.”
“Moby Dick is pursued by the monomaniacal Captain Ahab.”
“Captain Ahab’s monomania drives him to pursue Moby Dick.”
“Horatio Alger is an American writer who produced hundreds of popular novels for young boys.”
“The American writer Horatio Alger produced hundreds of popular novels for young boys.”
In the final scene, Hamlet reveals the truth: he has poisoned Claudius and himself.
Hamlet ‘s famous soliloquy has elicited much critical commentary; it remains, however, difficult to interpret.
The old king—Hamlet’s father—continues to haunt Hamlet throughout the play.
Avoid beginning with For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So.
See also: https://www.msu.edu/~jdowell/135/transw.html
A scientific research proposal serves the following functions:
A literature review charts the existing research on your topic(s) in a way that demonstrates the significance of your work to the broader field. It accomplishes the following tasks:
A book review briefly summarizes and evaluates a published scholarly work.
Abstract for conferences should succinctly accomplish the following tasks:
Reaction papers require you to analyze, synthesize, and/or critically respond to a reading assignment. You might approach this assignment in one of the following ways:
“Foam applications” is the phrase used to describe the process that applies additives to a moving paper web as foam. This process has many advantages over conventional liquid applications. Two problems have hindered the progress of this new technology. The process must be established in the paper industry. The speed limits encountered in the current application technology must be increased in order to expand the number of paper machines that can potentially use foam. The development work run at the Placerville plant is attacking both of these problem areas, and this report summarizes the achievements that have been accomplished there during the year.