The space shuttle
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The Space Shuttle. By: Alanna, Amanda, Katlin, Rylan and Keegan. 1. What led to the creation of the shuttle program? What year was the program created?.

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The Space Shuttle

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The space shuttle

The SpaceShuttle

By: Alanna, Amanda, Katlin, Rylan and Keegan.


1 what led to the creation of the shuttle program what year was the program created

1.What led to the creation of the shuttle program? What year was the program created?

The Apollo program led to the shuttle program, with the idea of reusable and more environmentally friendly space travel. In 1961 a Task Group was formed, and in 1981 the space shuttle was launched. 


The space shuttle

2. How is the space shuttle program different from the Apollo program, and how was it more environmentally friendly?

  • The booster, approximately the size of a Boeing 747, would fly to a high altitude, where the orbiter would detach and fly into orbit. The booster then returned to a runway for landing. While the cheapest to operate; this design was the costliest to develop.


3 name the orbiters used from 1970 1991 what were they named after

3.Name the orbiters used from 1970-1991. What were they named after?

  • All were named after famous sailing ships:

  • Columbia - the first US ship to circumnavigate the globe.

  • Challenger - British Naval research vessel HMS Challenger, which sailed across the Atlantic and Pacific in the 1870's.

  • Atlantis - the first US oceanic research ship (1930-66).

  • Discovery - used by Captain Cook to explore the northern Pacific Ocean.

  • Endeavor - Captain Cook's ship exploring the eastern coast of Australia and New Zealand.


4 why is a huge fountain of water needed for the shuttle launch

4. Why is a huge fountain of water needed for the shuttle launch?

  • Water is needed under the launch pad to absorb sound waves during, or the launch platform would break.


5 when does the shuttle go into reverse and why

5. When does the shuttle go into ‘reverse’, and why?

  • Halfway around the world, the shuttle goes into reverse  for 30 minutes to slow down so that it can dip into the atmosphere.


6 how does he shuttle slow itself down how hot does it get

6. How does he shuttle slow itself down? How hot does it get?

  • As the orbiter enters the upper atmosphere it reduces its velocity further by performing a number of 'fish tails'. The friction of air molecules colliding with the orbiter cause temperatures on the orbiters surface to hit 19,000 degrees Celsius.


7 how are the astronauts protected from the extreme heat

7. How are the astronauts protected from the extreme heat?

  • The astronauts are protected from the extreme heat with blankets and carbon tiles that absorb the heat of friction.


8 what speed does the shuttle orbit the earth at and how long does it take

8. What speed does the shuttle orbit the earth at, and how long does it take?

  • The shuttle travels at the speed of over 25,000km/h. It takes about 90 minutes to do one lap of the earth.


The space shuttle

The Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster

  • It was a very cold day for tropical Florida to launch a Space shuttle. This cold weather is what caused the "O-rings" to expand because they were frozen. In this launch it took part of a second before one of the "O-rings" set burnt up leaving black smoke immediately after lift off. The nose of the SRB punctured the external tank causing liquid oxygen and hydrogen burst out of there pressured tank and ignite into a ball of fire. If the astronauts survived the blast the water impact would have killed them.


The space shuttle

It was a very cold day for tropical Florida Space shuttle, Which caused the "O-rings" to expand because they were frozen. In this launch it took part of a second before one of the "O-rings" set burnt up leaving black smoke immediately after lift off. The nose of the SRB punchered the exernal tank causing liquid oxygen and hydrogen burst out of there presured tank and ignite into a ball of fire. If the austernats survived the blast the water impact would have killed them

Washroom Break

  • When they first launched people into space they went to the washroom through long tubes, but the arrival of women astronauts brought a new way to go to the washroom. Now they have toilets with a light breeze of air sucking the waste to the waste management system.


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • http://images.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/space-shuttle-launch3a.jpg&imgrefurl=http://travel.howstuffworks.com/space-shuttle.htm&h=427&w=389&sz=16&tbnid=YXM72oNbzt4J:&tbnh=122&tbnw=111&start=1&prev=/images%3Fq%3DThe%2BSpace%2BShuttle%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26sa%3DN

  • http://images.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://www.gsfc.nasa.gov/gsfc/earth/pictures/2003/0522shuttleshine/Image-1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.gsfc.nasa.gov/gsfc/newsroom/tv%2520page/G03-027_earth.html&h=540&w=684&sz=63&tbnid=NpsCes-i2F8J:&tbnh=108&tbnw=137&start=4&prev=/images%3Fq%3DThe%2BSpace%2BShuttle%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26sa%3DN

    Continued on next slide.


Bibliography1

Bibliography

  • http://images.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://shemesh.larc.nasa.gov/images/shuttle-flame.gif&imgrefurl=http://shemesh.larc.nasa.gov/fm/oldfm/fm-old-sw-ver-jet-select.html&h=1037&w=832&sz=327&tbnid=L4hyN5lhtGYJ:&tbnh=150&tbnw=120&start=16&prev=/images%3Fq%3DThe%2BSpace%2BShuttle%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26sa%3DN

  • http://images.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://www.wallpaper.net.au/wallpaper/space/Space%2520Shuttle%2520Launch%2520-%2520800x600.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.wallpaper.net.au/wallpaper_space1.php&h=600&w=800&sz=115&tbnid=EH9PiiBlFs8J:&tbnh=106&tbnw=141&start=23&prev=/images%3Fq%3DThe%2BSpace%2BShuttle%26start%3D20%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26sa%3DN


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