Anxiety
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 29

Anxiety PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 132 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Anxiety. Young People & ASD. Nature of Anxiety. Mild to severe Always present Periodic Situational Panic Normal to abnormal. Types of Anxiety. Generalised Anxiety Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Panic Disorder Phobias School Avoidance Selective Mutism Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Download Presentation

Anxiety

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Anxiety

Anxiety

Young People & ASD


Nature of anxiety

Nature of Anxiety

  • Mild to severe

  • Always present

  • Periodic

  • Situational

  • Panic

  • Normal to abnormal


Types of anxiety

Types of Anxiety

  • Generalised Anxiety

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

  • Panic Disorder

  • Phobias

  • School Avoidance

  • Selective Mutism

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder


More common for kids with asd

More Common for Kids with ASD

  • Need for predictability

  • Change can be difficult

  • Sensory issues

  • Greater attention given to detail

  • Living in a world of Neurotypicals


Anxiety treatment

Anxiety Treatment

  • Information

  • Analysis

  • Quality of Life Improvements

  • New Skills

  • Professional Help


Useful information about anxiety

Useful Information about Anxiety

Information sometimes “normalises” the unusual!!

You are not mad..….bad……or sick

Biological base to anxiety

Elimination of anxiety not realistic

Coping with anxiety is realistic

Reassurance is of limited value

6


The role of avoidance and relief in anxiety

The role of avoidance and relief in anxiety

100

Avoidance = quick temporary relief

Anxiety

0

Time

Trigger


Anxiety is normal

Anxiety is Normal


Anxiety can be exciting

Anxiety can be exciting….


Too much anxiety

Too much anxiety?

Too much of anything is good for nothing!


Anxiety

ANXIETY

Anxiety is hard to say. Other words that mean anxiety are worry, fear, panic and stress.

A little anxiety is a good thing. Everybody feels anxiety. It is normal to worry a little, to be a little afraid, to panic sometimes or to feel some stress. A little anxiety helps us to do things for ourselves. A little anxiety helps us to be careful.

Too much anxiety is not helpful. Some people know that they become too anxious because Your heart beats very quickly and you have not been running; Your hands sweat; It is hard to breathe; Your tummy feels funny; Your thoughts are confused; and You might become angry or upset.


Analysis

Analysis

  • Long-term and short-term stressors?

  • Any specific triggers?

  • Hereditary Factors

  • Parenting Style (overly cautious or critical?)

  • Child’s expectations: are they realistic?


Quality of life

Quality of Life

  • Be busy not bored.

  • Diet and food intake: less sugar, less caffeine

  • Exercise regularly

  • A good night’s sleep

  • Relaxation


New skills

New Skills

  • Reducing “Stinking Thinking”

  • Progressively Confront Avoidance

  • Improve confidence and assertiveness

  • Use Affirmations

  • Release Feelings

  • Relaxation


Stinkin thinkin

Stinkin’ Thinkin’

Common Thinking Errors


Worry is like a rocking chair

WORRY IS LIKE A ROCKING CHAIR

IT GIVES YOU SOMETHING TO DO BUT ULTIMATELY GETS YOU

NO-WHERE


Ask the worry questions

ASK THE WORRY QUESTIONS…..

WHEN HAS WORRY EVER MADE YOU HAPPY….??

WHEN HAS WORRY EVER MADE THINGS BETTER…??

WHEN HAS WORRY EVER GOT YOU WHAT YOU WANTED….?


Black white thinking

Black & White Thinking

I can’t do this so I must be stupid.

If I gain even a pound I’ll be fat.

I must be perfect or no one will love me.

I always fail when I try to do something new

I have nothing to look forward to anymore


Antidote to b w thinking

Antidote to B & W Thinking

Look for the shades of grey; look for colour

Reflective Questions:

Is it really so bad?

Am I taking an extreme view?


Unfair comparisons

Unfair Comparisons


Perfectionist thinking

Perfectionist Thinking

If X < Y then X = Z

X = The Situation

Y = Perfection

Z = Total Failure

Am I making fair comparisons?

Am I comparing myself to people who have a particular advantage?


Negative filter

Negative Filter

Am I looking at the negatives and ignoring the positives?

Is there a more balanced way to look at this?


Catastrophising

Catastrophising

What’s the worst that can happen

What’s the best that can happen?

Will this really matter in 5 years time?

Is there anything good about this?

What’s most likely to happen?


Magnification minification

Magnification….. Minification

What are the facts?

What are my interpretations?

Am I over generalising?

Am I minimizing?


Labelling

Labelling

I am stupid…ugly…boring…useless…a loser

He is a creep…retarded…a failure…dopey.

Stick to the facts and not the interpretations:

Doing something poorly does not mean that you are ……..


Anxiety

RELAXATION BREATHING

BLOW!

BREATHE!

RELAX!


Professional help

Professional Help

  • Medical

  • Psychological

  • Counselling and Therapy

  • Massage

  • Other?


Extra information

Extra Information

  • www.asdsouthlee.com

  • www.regionalasd.com social story on anxiety

  • Anxiety: A Guide for Young people with ASD

  • Dawn Huebner: “What to do when you Worry Too Much: A Kid’s Guide to Overcoming Anxiety”


  • Login