Ensuring Apprenticeships Support Economic Growth
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Ensuring Apprenticeships Support Economic Growth Thursday 29 th November 2012. “ There is an urgent need to raise UK skills levels to help drive productivity, growth and jobs.”. Vince Cable , Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills.

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There is an urgent need to raise uk skills levels to help drive productivity growth and jobs

Ensuring Apprenticeships Support Economic Growth

Thursday 29th November 2012

“There is an urgent need to raise UK skills levels to help drive productivity, growth and jobs.”

Vince Cable,

Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills

“The skills and capabilities of our people are ultimately the basis for our long-term competitiveness.”

Charlie Mayfield,

Chairman, UK Commission for Employment and Skills


There is an urgent need to raise uk skills levels to help drive productivity growth and jobs

About the UK Commission for

Employment and Skills:

Transforming the UK’s approach to investing in the skills of people as an intrinsic part of securing jobs and growth

Moreemployers taking ownership of skills

Morecollective action by employers through stronger sectors and local networks

Moreemployers investing in the skills of their people

Morecareer opportunities for young people


There is an urgent need to raise uk skills levels to help drive productivity growth and jobs

FE, HE and Careers

Our Commissioners:


There is an urgent need to raise uk skills levels to help drive productivity growth and jobs

Training in the UK:

There are 2.3 millionbusinesses in the UK with 1+ staff...

…of which:

59% train

(1.3 million)

41% do not train

(0.9 million)

Of those who do not train:

15%

26%

£

Perceived need but met barriers*

Said they had no training needs

i

¹

*Also includes small proportion of businesses that said ‘don’t know’ or ‘no reason’, or that ‘people learnt as they went’

Barriers cited include:

Cost

Time

Lack of information


There is an urgent need to raise uk skills levels to help drive productivity growth and jobs

The consequences of not training...

Employers who do not train, on average, are twice as likely to fail, opposed to those that do...


There is an urgent need to raise uk skills levels to help drive productivity growth and jobs

Macro level issues facing the UK

  • Youth unemployment and the long-term economic effect this will have on UK PLC and internationally

    • average rate of unemployment across Europe is about 22%

    • UK is about average

    • Spain and Greece hovering around 50%, Germany just 8%

  • Within the UK, there are large variations in youth unemployment across cities

    • At its highest in Tees Valley at 32%, followed closely by Sheffield, Manchester, Birmingham and London.

    • It is at its lowest it Oxfordshire at just 9%

  • Youth unemployment is a local issue across the country


There is an urgent need to raise uk skills levels to help drive productivity growth and jobs

Barriers to entry

  • The sharp decline in the number of jobs which are available to young people

    • Jobs that have traditionally helped young people into work are in decline

    • The ‘jinxed’ generation

  • The most common way to find a new job is through informal, word of mouth methods

    • Takes time to establish, and where families and friends don’t have these connections, the route is blocked

  • The emphasis employers place on experience when they are hiring new staff

    • ¾ of employers state experience was either of ‘significant’ or ‘critical’ importance in their recruitment decisions


There is an urgent need to raise uk skills levels to help drive productivity growth and jobs

Why ‘employer ownership’?

The skills system: the rise and rise of the skills bubble, over centralised

Less globally competitive: ‘system’ is too complex

Two markets for skills development

A lack of alignment, leverage of employer investment

Employers need to own the problem and the solution

Putting the purchasing power into the hands of the employers


There is an urgent need to raise uk skills levels to help drive productivity growth and jobs

Employer Ownership objective

To find more effective and sustainable ways to improve skills in the workforce and use these to drive up productivity and growth.

“By giving businesses the chance to shape and set their own training agenda, we’re giving them the power to enrich their workforce with the skills needed for their future success."

Matthew Hancock,

Minister for Skills

Business, Innovation

and Skills


There is an urgent need to raise uk skills levels to help drive productivity growth and jobs

Employer Ownership vision

Employer led, sector based collaborations who are the primary customers

“We need to take determined steps to encourage greater employer ownership of skills, working to secure a sustainable partnership for the long term.”

Simplify and extend existing competitive funds, routed through employers

Employer/provider partnerships which deliver high quality outcomes

Charlie Mayfield, Chairman

UK Commission for Employment and Skills


Future jobs market w hich sector

Future jobs market: which sector?

Projected UK employment change by sector (000s) between 2010-2020

(Source: Working Futures)

Change

(‘000s)

Sector

-170

-103

-22

237

415

1,195

Manufacturing

Non-market Services

Primary Sector & Utilities

Construction

Trade accommodation & transport

Business & other services

Private services expected to be the main engine of job growth (2010-2020)


Future jobs market w hich occupations

Future jobs market: which occupations?

Most net job creation (2010-2020) expected in high level occupations,

but job openings expected in all occupations due to replacement demands

Projected England Job Openings 2010-2020

(Source: Working Futures)

Net Job

Openings

(‘000s)

Occupation

Managers

Professional

Associate Professional

Admin & Secretarial

Skilled trades

Caring, Leisure etc

Sales

Operatives

Elementary

1,614

2,726

1,742

1,106

930

1,256

779

535

1,117

Job Creation

Replacement Demand


Future job market which regions

Employer Ownership objective

Future job market: which regions?

While growth will occur almost everywhere, the north-south divide will continue to be exacerbated.

Projected change in total employment across the UK: 2010-2020

6-8%

4-6%

2-4%

0-2%


How does this impact on future apprenticeships

How does this impact on future apprenticeships?

  • Future apprenticeships should exemplify the employer ownership concept and:

  • be based on a leading edge industry standard in a real job

  • address current and future skills needs of an occupation and sector

  • be good value for money – employers, employees and state

  • be accessible and well delivered

  • give individuals an appetite for continued learning


Design principles moving forward

Design Principles Moving Forward

1. Government creating the space for employers to step up and take ownership of the skills agenda for the growth of their industry or locality

2. A relentless focus on employers and employees as the primary customers of quality outcomes

3. Routing the public contribution through employers so that responsibility and reward rests with them and in so doing leverages public investment against private investment

4. Ensuring that there is only one market for skills where supply is shaped by informed employer and individual demand rather than funding incentives

5. Locally investing in ‘bottom up’ business and college leadership to co-own, co-develop and deliver high quality vocational education which meets local economic needs.


There is an urgent need to raise uk skills levels to help drive productivity growth and jobs

Thank you very much for listening

Caroline Robert, Assistant Director, UKCES

If you would like to hear more please contact:

[email protected]

01709 774 800

www.ukces.org.uk


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