Intro to the middle ages
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Intro to the Middle Ages. Understanding Terms. Medieval?. Understanding Terms. Medieval Comes from Latin, medium aevum …of, relating to, or characteristic of the Middle Ages… Exhibiting the severity or illiberality ascribed to a former age; cruel, barbarous.

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Intro to the Middle Ages

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Intro to the Middle Ages


Understanding Terms

  • Medieval?


Understanding Terms

  • Medieval

    • Comes from Latin, medium aevum

    • …of, relating to, or characteristic of the Middle Ages…

    • Exhibiting the severity or illiberality ascribed to a former age; cruel, barbarous.

    • U.S.to get medieval  : to use violence or extreme measures on, to become aggressive.


Understanding Terms

  • Medieval

  • Why do they call it Middle Ages?


Understanding Terms

  • Medieval

  • Why do they call it Middle Ages?

  • A Backward-Looking Construct


Understanding Terms

  • Medieval

  • Why do they call it Middle Ages?

  • A Backward-Looking Construct

    • During the Middle Ages


Understanding Terms

  • Medieval

  • Why do they call it Middle Ages?

  • A Backward-Looking Construct

    • During the Middle Ages

    • Birth of an idea


Understanding Terms

  • Medieval

  • Why do they call it Middle Ages?

  • A Backward-Looking Construct

    • During the Middle Ages

    • Birth of an idea

    • Connotations…

      • Protestant Reformation

      • Enlightenment

      • Today


As Historians

  • Decentralized Political Structure

  • Christianity

  • Decline and Revival of Trade

  • Evolution (Transformation?) of an Economic System


Periodization

  • Part I

    • Early Middle Ages (Dark Ages): 500-1000

    • Late Antiquity: 300-800

    • Reconciling


Periodization

  • Part I

    • Early Middle Ages (Dark Ages): 500-1000

    • Late Antiquity: 300-800

    • Reconciling

  • Part II, High Middle Ages: 1000-1300

  • Part III, Late Middle Ages: 1300-1500


Continuity into EMA

  • Romanized Barbarians


Continuity into EMA

  • Romanized Barbarians

  • Embrace Roman Customs

  • Continued growth of Christian Church

  • Continued Social Structure


Decline/Change in EMA

  • Political Decentralizaton


Decline/Change in EMA

  • Political Decentralizaton

  • Depopulation


Decline/Change in EMA

  • Political Decentralizaton

  • Depopulation

  • Decline of Cities


Decline/Change in EMA

  • Political Decentralizaton

  • Depopulation

  • Decline of Cities

  • Decline of Intellectual Activity


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Getting goods to market?

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Role of the imperial govt?

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Econ. Impact of legions?

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

Size of the consumer mkt?

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

  • How do we know?

  • Coins

  • Roof Tiles

  • Pottery


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

  • How do we know?

  • Coins

  • Roof Tiles

  • Pottery


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses?

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

Impact on another part of the emp’s econ?

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

German. invasions in W Emp after 400 (FC.36)

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

Lost imp. $ as army dissolves

Most obvious effect?

N. prov. econ’s  after 400 due to:

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

German. invasions in W Emp after 400 (FC.36)

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

Econ. Impact as army dissolves?

Violence & turmoil disrupt trade

N. prov. econ’s  after 400 due to:

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

German. invasions in W Emp after 400 (FC.36)

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.


Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

Lost imp. $ as army dissolves

Violence & turmoil disrupt trade

N. prov. econ’s  after 400 due to:

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

German. invasions in W Emp after 400 (FC.36)

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.


Italy no longer getting imper. taxes

Lost imp. $ as army dissolves

W. Med. econ.  after 500 due to:

When gov fails?

Lost resources & mkts in N. prov’s

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

Violence & turmoil disrupt trade

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

N. prov. econ’s  after 400 due to:

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

German. invasions in W Emp after 400 (FC.36)

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.


Italy no longer getting imper. taxes

Lost imp. $ as army dissolves

W. Med. econ.  after 500 due to:

No imperial govt. to maintain roads & protect trade

Econ. impact of lost N. prov’s?

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

Violence & turmoil disrupt trade

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

N. prov. econ’s  after 400 due to:

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

German. invasions in W Emp after 400 (FC.36)

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.


W. Med. econ.  after 500 due to:

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Lost resources & mkts in N. prov’s

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

No imperial govt. to maintain roads & protect trade

Lost imp. $ as army dissolves

Violence & turmoil disrupt trade

N. prov. econ’s  after 400 due to:

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

German. invasions in W Emp after 400 (FC.36)

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.


Italy no longer getting imper. taxes

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

W. Med. econ.  after 500 due to:

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

Lost resources & mkts in N. prov’s

No imperial govt. to maintain roads & protect trade

Lost imp. $ as army dissolves

Violence & turmoil disrupt trade

N. prov. econ’s  after 400 due to:

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

German. invasions in W Emp after 400 (FC.36)

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.


No imperial govt. to maintain roads & protect trade

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

W. Med. econ.  after 500 due to:

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Lost resources & mkts in N. prov’s

Italy no longer getting imper. taxes

Lost imp. $ as army dissolves

Violence & turmoil disrupt trade

N. prov. econ’s  after 400 due to:

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

German. invasions in W Emp after 400 (FC.36)

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.

Plague + Persian, Slav, Avar, & Arab attacks (FC.44)


W. Med. econ.  after 500 due to:

N. prov. econ’s  after 400 due to:

Violence & turmoil disrupt trade

Lost imp. $ as army dissolves

Lost markets in W. Mediterranean

No imperial govt. to maintain roads & protect trade

Italy no longer getting imper. taxes

Lost resources & mkts in N. prov’s

Lost provinces, trade & taxes

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Aegean econ’s  after 600 due to:

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

German. invasions in W Emp after 400 (FC.36)

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.

Plague + Persian, Slav, Avar, & Arab attacks (FC.44)


W. Med. econ.  after 500 due to:

N. prov. econ’s  after 400 due to:

Violence & turmoil disrupt trade

Lost imp. $ as army dissolves

Lost provinces, trade & taxes

No imperial govt. to maintain roads & protect trade

Italy no longer getting imper. taxes

Lost resources & mkts in N. prov’s

Lost markets in W. Mediterranean

Imp. Gov. Coins, rds, etc. to sustain trade

A large & wide-spread consumer mkt.

Sophist. network of transp. & trade to move & distribute goods

Thriving trade & highly specialized & interdependent econ. based on:

Skilled specialized labor mass producing excellent but cheap goods

Aegean econ’s  after 600 due to:

Imp. Gov.pays legions in N frontier provinces Stimulates their econ.

FC.41.1 THE COLLAPSE OF ROME’S “GLOBAL” ECONOMY (c.400-700)

a

Peaceful conditions of Pax Romana (FC.33)

When 1 area in the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent economic system collapses

German. invasions in W Emp after 400 (FC.36)

Weakens the whole economy & its indiv. parts needing that area’s goods & mkts

Collapse of part of the empire’s highly specialized & interdependent econ.

Plague + Persian, Slav, Avar, & Arab attacks (FC.44)

Collapse of political order in W. Europe after 800 (FC.41)


Conclusion

  • Political and Economic Disintegration

    • Atomized Society

    • Margins of World History

  • New Center of Mass


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