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U.S in central America & The Caribbdean PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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U.S in central America & The Caribbdean. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY & Moi Lakeside School, Seattle WA. The Cuban “Melodrama”. The Spanish-American War: 1898. Valeriano Weyler’s “Reconcentration” Policy. Remember the Maine ! To Hell with Spain !.

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U s in central america the caribbdean

U.S in central

America &

The Caribbdean

Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

& Moi

Lakeside School, Seattle WA


U s in central america the caribbdean

The Cuban “Melodrama”

The Spanish-American War: 1898


U s in central america the caribbdean

Valeriano Weyler’s “Reconcentration” Policy


U s in central america the caribbdean

Remember the Maine!To Hell with Spain!


U s in central america the caribbdean

Cuban “Independence?”

Senator Orville Platt

Platt Amendment (1903)

1. Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with foreign powers that would endanger its independence.

2. The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs if necessary to maintain an efficient, independent govt.

3. Cuba must lease Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. for naval and coaling station.

4. Cuba must not build up an excessive public debt.


U s in central america the caribbdean

American Soldiers in Cubain 19022


Jose marti

Jose Marti

  • “The scorn of our formidable neighbor who does not know us is our America’s greatest danger.”

  • “The trees must form ranks to keep the giant with seven-league boots from passing!”


Us interventions in the caribbean and cenam2

US Interventions in the Caribbean and CenAm2

1. Nicaragua - 1909, 1912, 1932

2. Mexico -1914, 1916-17

3. Haiti -1915-1934

4. Dominican Republic - 1904, 1905, 1912, 1914, 1916-1924


Nicaragua

Nicaragua

  • U.S. increasingly concerned about stability in CentAm because of the Panama Canal.

  • Put down rebellions

  • In 1926, intervention “because communists were fighting the government”-U.S. Secretary of State Frank Kellogg

  • 1933 Americans finally left. Rebel leader Augusto Sandino killed


Haiti

Haiti

  • 1915 Pres. Woodrow Wilson sends Marines to protect U.S. lives and property after an anti-gov’t uprising.

  • Rebel “bandits” resist and U.S puts down resistance.

  • U.S. military commander dissolves Haitian Congress and dictates a new constitution-fails to solve H’s problems.

  • U.S. withdraws in 1934.


Dominican republic

Dominican Republic

  • Five armed incursions by the U.S,, from 1904 to 1914.

  • U.S. Marines are sent in 1916 because U.S. is afraid of growing German influence in the area

  • Guerrilla war 1917-1922

  • Americans withdraw in 1924


Mexico

Mexico

  • 1914, Pres. Wilson sends Marines to seize port of Veracruz through which military supplies flow.

  • Americans shell the city, killing people

  • 1916-1917, U.S. troops pursue Pancho Villa after he raids Columbus NM and kills 16 Americans, after going nearly 500 miles in Mexico, the Americans never find Villa, though his popularity increases.


U s in central america the caribbdean

One view of what the US Fought for


Another view of us military intervention

Another view of US military intervention


Another view of us military intervention1

Another view of US military intervention

  • I spent 33 years and four months in active military service and during that period I spent most of my time as a high class thug for Big Business, for Wall Street and the bankers. In short, I was a racketeer, a gangster for capitalism. I helped make Mexico and especially Tampico safe for American oil interests in 1914. I helped make Haiti and Cuba a decent place for the National City Bank boys to collect revenues in. I helped in the raping of half a dozen Central American republics for the benefit of Wall Street. I helped purify Nicaragua for the International Banking House of Brown Brothers in 1902–1912. I brought light to the Dominican Republic for the American sugar interests in 1916. I helped make Honduras right for the American fruit companies in 1903. In China in 1927 I helped see to it that Standard Oil went on its way unmolested. Looking back on it, I might have given Al Capone a few hints. The best he could do was to operate his racket in three districts. I operated on three continents.

  • ~Marine Maj. Gen. Smedley Butler, 1933


U s in central america the caribbdean

FulgencioBatista


U s in central america the caribbdean

Fidel Castro as a Young Revolutionary


U s in central america the caribbdean

Cuban “Young Pioneers”

What were some of Castro’s reforms??


U s in central america the caribbdean

The Bay of Pigs Fiasco: 1961


U s in central america the caribbdean

The Bay of Pigs Fiasco: 1961


U s in central america the caribbdean

The US “Lays an Egg?”


U s in central america the caribbdean

Cuba is 90 Miles from the Florida Coast

A Soviet “Client-State”


U s in central america the caribbdean

The Cuban Missile Crisis:October,1962


U s in central america the caribbdean

Soviet-Cuban Construction


U s in central america the caribbdean

Soviet-Cuban Construction


U s in central america the caribbdean

Global Thermal Nuclear War?


U s in central america the caribbdean

Range of the Cuban Missiles


U s in central america the caribbdean

What’s the Message?


U s in central america the caribbdean

Cuban Exiles in Miami


U s in central america the caribbdean

The Cuban “Boat People”

The Cuban Adjustment Act - 1966


U s in central america the caribbdean

The Refugee “Problem” Today


U s in central america the caribbdean

Castro at the United Nations

US Embargo of Cuba


U s in central america the caribbdean

Fidel Castro Today


U s in central america the caribbdean

Cuban-Americans Support the Republican Party


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