贏得諾貝爾獎的第一步 (Peter Charles Doherty, 2006) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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贏得諾貝爾獎的第一步 (Peter Charles Doherty, 2006). 試著解決最重要的問題,做出真正重大的發現 作事情要實際,要善於發揮自己的強項 對基本技巧要熟稔 和適當的人一起工作 要能寫出簡潔而清楚的論文 選擇對的研究領域 找到並培養自己真正有興趣的項目 對學問要聚焦,不可以一知半解 選擇符合自己個性和工作習慣的工作場所 尊重事實證據,並要能從不同角度看清眼前的事實 要跳出框架思考 要和旁人交換意見,不要只是一個人思考 絕對不可以造假 堅持到底,但要有面對失敗的心理準備 不要浪費時間 保重自己的身體.

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贏得諾貝爾獎的第一步 (Peter Charles Doherty, 2006)

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Peter charles doherty 2006

贏得諾貝爾獎的第一步(Peter Charles Doherty, 2006)

  • 試著解決最重要的問題,做出真正重大的發現

  • 作事情要實際,要善於發揮自己的強項

  • 對基本技巧要熟稔

  • 和適當的人一起工作

  • 要能寫出簡潔而清楚的論文

  • 選擇對的研究領域

  • 找到並培養自己真正有興趣的項目

  • 對學問要聚焦,不可以一知半解

  • 選擇符合自己個性和工作習慣的工作場所

  • 尊重事實證據,並要能從不同角度看清眼前的事實

  • 要跳出框架思考

  • 要和旁人交換意見,不要只是一個人思考

  • 絕對不可以造假

  • 堅持到底,但要有面對失敗的心理準備

  • 不要浪費時間

  • 保重自己的身體


Biostatistics for the biological and health science

BiostatisticsFor the Biological and Health Science

Chapter 5

Normal Probability Distributions


Chapter problem

Chapter Problem

  • Ergonomics (人因工程學)

    The study of people fitting into their environments.

    Good ergonomic design results in an environment that is safe, functional, efficient, and comfortable.


5 1 overview

5-1 Overview


5 2 the standard normal distribution

5-2 The Standard Normal Distribution

  • Uniform Distributions


Peter charles doherty 2006

  • Standard Normal Distribution


Peter charles doherty 2006

  • Finding Probabilities When Given z Scores


Peter charles doherty 2006

  • Finding z Scores from Known Areas


5 3 applications of normal distributions

5-3 Applications of Normal Distributions


Peter charles doherty 2006

  • Finding Values from Known Areas


5 4 sampling distributions and estimators

5-4 Sampling Distributions and Estimators

  • It is rare that we know all values in an entire population.

  • The “behavior” of a statistic can be known by understanding its distribution.


Peter charles doherty 2006

  • For a fixed sample size, the mean of all possible sample means is equal to the mean of the population.


Peter charles doherty 2006

  • Sampling Distribution of Proportions


The population proportion of female senators

The population proportion of female Senators


Which statistics make good estimators of parameters

Which Statistics Make Good Estimators of Parameters?

  • Statistics that target population parameters (unbiased estimators): Mean, Variance, Proportion

  • Statistics that do not target population parameters: Median, Range, SD


5 5 the central limit theorem

5-5 The Central Limit Theorem(中央極限定理)


Peter charles doherty 2006

  • Applying the Central Limit Theorem


Ski gondola safety

Ski Gondola Safety


Peter charles doherty 2006

  • Interpreting Results


Body temperatures

Body Temperatures

  • Hypothesis testing: It seems more reasonable to conclude that the population mean is lower than 98.6℉


Peter charles doherty 2006

  • Correction for a Finite Population


5 6 normal as approximation to binomial

5-6 Normal as Approximation to Binomial

the upper and lower limits for Table A1?


Peter charles doherty 2006

  • Continuity Corrections


Peter charles doherty 2006

  • Interpreting Results


5 7 assessing normality

5-7 Assessing Normality


Heights of men p 242

Heights of Men P.242


Cumulative review exercises

Cumulative Review Exercises

  • 1

  • 2


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