From Trade To Territory. module. 1 east india company 2 expansion of company rule 3 new administration. POINTS. Aurangzeb was the last powerful Mughal ruler. ( died in 1707 ) Bahadur Shah Zafar was forced to leave the kingdom in 1857.
From Trade To Territory
MUGHAL EMPEROR AURANGZEB
BATTLE OF PLASSEY:
BATTLE OF PLASSEY Robert Clive British soldier and statesman Robert Clive was responsible for breaking French control in parts of India and establishing British influence after his victory at the battle of Plessey in 1757. He became the first governor of Bengal in 1765.
BATTLE OF PLASSEY
On 23rd June, 1757 both the armies of Bengal's Anwar Sirajudaulah & British East India Company stood face to face with each other in Plessey. Anwar's forces were lead by his trusted lieutenant Mir Madam whereas the British Forces were led by Robert Clive. Clive's British troops consisted of 800 European, 2000 Indian and 200 Artillery men. Whereas Anwar was leading a 50,000 strong army with 53 canons. On the other hand Clive had only six pounder and two howitzer class canons. Looking at the figures it seemed that Anwar was in a far more stronger position than Clive but Anwar also had Mir Jafar, who betrayed at a time when the battle was poised for a interesting turn. Overnight rainfall had made the Nawab's artillery unfit for use. So Mir Madan thinking that Clive's artillery would too be in the same state attacked the British garrison but Clive's foresight had saved the British artillery form the incessant rainfall. So Mir Madan had to face the music, he himself was injured. He was replaced with Mir Jafar, who later betrayed and joined forces with Clive. By five-o-clock in the evening Clive had captured Sirajudaulah who was later deported. Mir Jafar was made the Nawab of Bengal but with limited power. In fact Battle of Plassey proved to be the very foundation stone for the mighty British Empire in India
BATTLE OF BUXAR:
BATTLE OF BUXAR The armies of Mir Kasim and his allies Emperor Shah Alam II and Shuja-ud-daula, Nawab of Avadh, out-matched the British in number. To Mir Kasim's force of 40,000 Robert Clive's army commanded by Major Hector Munro had about 18,000 men. Early on, East India Company forces had to retreat across the river. But they were allowed to get away; the forces retreat across the river. But they were allowed to get away; the forces regrouped and through a naval force attacked through the river route. Mir Jafar also had trained Afghan cavalry and modern cannon manned by European mercenaries and led a charge on the Company's forces. However, the Company relied on its strength of sequenced shooting-its musketeers put up volley of gunfire. This coordinated gun shooting became very much a trademark of the British way of war over the next few decades. The sheer power of gunfire ensured that attacking cavalry scattered. The establishment of British paramountcy along with the diwani(revenue administration) of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa was the major significance of The battle of Buxar .
SUBSIDIARY ALLIANCE According to the terms of this alliance , Indian rulers were not allowed to have their independent armed forces. They were to be protected by the company, but had to pay for the “Subsidiary forces” that the company was supposed to maintain for the purpose of this protection. If Indian rulers failed to make the payment, then part o0f their territory was taken away as penalty.
Tipu Sultan 1782-1789:
* Tipu Sultan 1782-1789 Steps taken by Tipu Sultan to strength kingdom
* He stopped the export of sandalwood, pepper and cardamom through the port.
* He disallowed local merchants from trading with the company.
* He established factory to produce modern war tools and weapons.
* He also established a close relationship with the French in India, and modernized his army with their help.
Challenge of paramount Policy:
1.Challenge of paramount Policy RaniChannamma and Rayanna of Kitoor in Karnataka.
2.War with Afghanistan. 1838 – 1842. and established indirect company rule.
3. 1843 – Sind was taken over.
4. Anglo Sikh War - In 1849, Punjab was annexed.
The Doctrine of Lapse. Lord Dalhousie 1848-1856.:
The Doctrine of Lapse. Lord Dalhousie 1848-1856. The Doctrine declared that if an Indian ruler died without a male heir his kingdom would lapse, that is, become part of company territory. Under this policy following kingdoms annexed. 1848 – Satara.
1850 - Sambalpur.
1852 - Udaipur.
1853 – Nagpur.
1854 - Jhansi.
1856 - Awadh.
Q1.In which year did Aurangzeb die?
Q2.Who discovered the sea route in India to and when?
Q3. Kolkata was first Kalikata then_______
and afterwards Kolkata.
Q4.Alivardi Khan died in which year?
Q5.In 1856 the company took over ________.
What attracted European trading companies to India
Explain the system of subsidiary alliance
How did the assumption of diwani benefit the east india company
Describe the changes that occurred in the composition of the company's army