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City of Skopje. Workshop 03. - 05. June 2008 – Skopje TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SKOPJE: NEW APROACH FOR BETTER QUALITY OF SERVICE Prof. Dr. NIKOLA KRSTANOSKI University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, BITOLA Faculty for Technical Sciences

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City of Skopje

Workshop 03. - 05. June 2008 – Skopje

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SKOPJE:

NEW APROACH FOR BETTER QUALITY OF SERVICE

Prof. Dr. NIKOLA KRSTANOSKI

University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, BITOLA

Faculty for Technical Sciences

Department for Transport and Traffic Engineering


City of Skopje

  • Quick facts – Skopje the macedonian capital

  • 7088 ha

  • Rapid development after the earthquake in 1963

  • 506 926 inhabitants in 2005 (25% of the total population)

  • 202 Passenger cars/1000 inhabitants


City of Skopje

  • PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SKOPJE TODAY

  • Public PT operator – JSP Skopje established in 1948

  • Until 1990, the only operator in Skopje

  • In 1989 amendments to the Law for road transport – deregulation of the PT

  • Since 1990 public transport company + private operators


City of Skopje

  • PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SKOPJE TODAY

  • Three PT operators:

    • JSP Skopje – public –the biggest operator

    • “Sloboda prevoz” – private

    • “Mak Ekspres” – private

  • 83,75% of the lines (67) operated by JSP Skopje

  • 16,25% of the lines (13) operated by the private operators


City of Skopje

  • PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SKOPJE TODAY

  • JSP Skopje:

  • 1290 employees

  • 380 vehicles

  • 250 vehicles operating daily

  • Average fleet age 17,4 years

  • 45 000 000 passengers per year (compared to 150 000 000 passengers per year in 1989)

  • 15 000 000 km per year

  • Commercial speed 18,5 km/h


City of Skopje

  • PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SKOPJE TODAY

  • Private operators

  • 250 individual transporters organized in two private association

  • 250 vehicles

  • 27,27 years average bus age

  • 13 lines (7 urban + 6 suburban and rural)

  • Rented maintenance facilities


City of Skopje


City of Skopje

Suburban and rural lines operated by JSP Skopje


City of Skopje

  • PUBLIC TRANSPORT – THE PROBLEMS

  • The deregulation of PT – a step back:

  • No established policy, no objectives to be achieved, no vision for future development of PT in Skopje

  • very poorly planned and put into practice (no well-thought standards and criteria for providing of PT service)

  • The result:

  • chaos and continuous deterioration of public transport services over the next 18 years


City of Skopje

  • PUBLIC TRANSPORT TODAY

  • THE PROBLEMS

  • Lack of policy for future sustainable development of the urban transport system in Skopje as a whole and PT system specifically

  • Currently:

    • the main planning of the transport system is within the general urban plan

    • this process must be improved and existing deficiencies to be overcome


City of Skopje

  • PUBLIC TRANSPORT TODAY

  • THE PROBLEMS

  • Business environment within the PT market

  • Currently:

  • - deregulated market with examples where direct competition between different service providers exists – (fight for passengers, no integrated services, no integrated ticketing)

  • - well-defined standards and criteria for doing a business in the PT are needed and their strict application is a must


City of Skopje

  • PUBLIC TRANSPORT TODAY

  • THE PROBLEMS

  • Problem of financing

  • - bad business environment - deterioration of services -continuous loss of passengers – financial exhaustion of public PT company

  • - no subsidies of any kind for PT providers – a rare case in Europe

  • - recent huge increase of fuel prices as well as the other operational costs – additional financial burden


City of Skopje

Suburban and rural lines operated by JSP Skopje


City of Skopje


City of Skopje

  • PUBLIC TRANSPORT TODAY

  • THE PROBLEMS

  • Deterioration of the quality of service – loss of passengers

    • - very old vehicle fleet

    • problems with the service reliability (breakdowns, traffic congestion)

    • poor passenger information

    • low commercial speed – long travel times

    • un-convenient ticketing and fare system

    • pollution from PT vehicles


City of Skopje

Suburban and rural lines operated by JSP Skopje


City of Skopje

Mobility and modal share – total and by PT


City of Skopje

  • OBJECTIVES

  • to increase the modal share of PT – to increase the attractiveness of PT – to improve the PT service quality

  • TARGET GROUP

  • the existing and the potential PT users


City of Skopje

  • PLANNED MEASURES

  • To develop a strategy for development of sustainable urban transport system in Skopje

    • (to be developed soon as a specific activity within FP7 project RENESSAINCE)

  • To develop a strategy for development of PT system in Skopje

    • - The strategy includes solutions to the problems of PT organization – market definition, financing, quality of service, etc.)

    • (strategy has been already done – its enforcing is to start soon)


  • City of Skopje

    • PLANNED MEASURES

    • To improve the quality of service

    • - renewal of the vehicle fleet

    • (the government has already approved purchase of 50 new buses – financing from the state budget)

    • - introduction of AVL system (Automated Vehicle Location) in other to improve service reliability and service quality

    • (in the process is the approval - demonstration project is planned with in the FP7 project RENESSAINCE)


    City of Skopje

    • PLANNED MEASURES

    • To improve the quality of service

    • - introduction of real-time passenger information

    • (demonstration project is planned with in the FP7 project RENESSAINCE)

    • - introduction of smart ticketing based on integrated fare system for all PT service providers

    • - introduction of Light Rail Transit for better service – faster, greater capacity, more environmentally friendly, greater comfort

    • (the project activities in progress - 3 + 1 lines planned)


    City of Skopje

    • PLANNED MEASURES

    • To reduce the pollution from PT vehicles

    • - conversion of transit diesel vehicles to CNG

    • (The public PT company JSP SKOPJE has already converted 30 vehicles to CNG – more conversions will be done with in the FP7 project RENESSAINCE)

    • - introduction of electric powered LRT vehicles – the project activities in progress


    City of Skopje

    • IMPLEMENATION PROBLEMS

    • lack of sufficient financing sources

    • political environment in the country and in the region

    • lack of capacities (institutional and human)

    • public awareness


    City of Skopje

    • COOPERATION

    • Department for Traffic and Transport Engineering, University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Bitola

    • Within the FP7 project RENESSAINCEcooperation with 27 partners from Italy, Great Britain, Netherlands, Poland and Bulgaria


    City of Skopje

    • EXPECTED RESULTS

    • to improve of the overall transport system in Skopje

      • (less traffic congestion, less pollution, less time loss, better environment)

    • to increase the attractiveness and the quality of service of the PT in Skopje

      • (better modal share, increased number of public transport passengers,

      • lessen pressure of private automobile, better environment)

    • to meet the future demand for urban travel by planning PT modes with higher performance and capacity features


    City of Skopje

    • NEXT STEPS

    • to implement the strategy for PT development in Skopje

    • to develop the plan for sustainable urban transport system

    • to introduce the AVL system

    • to introduce the real-time passenger information system

    • to introduce integrated fare system and smart ticketing

    • to convert more PT buses to CNG

    • to introduce the LRT in Skopje


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