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1950s: BRINKMANSHIP. What are the Cold War policies of the 1950s?. The Arms Race. 50’s Cold War policy is brinkmanship . Each country tries to push each other to the “brink” of war in order to get an advantage 1949: Soviets develop & test their own atomic weapon

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1950s brinkmanship

1950s:BRINKMANSHIP

What are the Cold War policies of the 1950s?


The arms race
The Arms Race

  • 50’s Cold War policy is brinkmanship. Each country tries to push each other to the “brink” of war in order to get an advantage

  • 1949: Soviets develop & test their own atomic weapon

  • Starts a nuclear “arms race” between the US & Soviet Union

  • 1952: US develops the more powerful Hydrogen Bomb (H-Bomb)

  • Instead of splitting an atom, the H-bomb fuses two atoms together

  • The Soviets counter with their own H-bomb in 1953

  • 1953: Pres. Eisenhower appoints anti-communist John Foster Dulles as Secretary of State

http://video.google.com/video play?docid=-3597507450536748258

http://vce.com/AtomicGallery/AtomicGallery.html


Mutual assured destruction mad
Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD)

  • Dulles develops the MAD policy: if Soviets attack US interests, US will use massive nuclear retaliation against them

  • The US begins increasing number of nuclear weapons & the planes to deliver these weapons

  • US CIA & Soviet KGB begin spying programs

  • 1953: Stalin dies, is replaced by Nikita Khrushchev

  • Khrushchev begins building up the Soviet arsenal

  • Mid-1950: Soviet Union develops Vostok Rocket

  • This ICBM could deliver a nuke

  • Soviets clearly ahead in “arms race”


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