Lesson three
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Lesson Three. A Good Samaritan (Grammar in Use). It takes + O + (time) + to V. take 花費(多少)時間 it 虛主詞,代替後面的不定詞(真主詞) We spent much time finish ing the homework.  It took us much time to finish the homework. We spent four hours driv ing back to Yunlin.

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Lesson Three

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Lesson three

Lesson Three

A Good Samaritan

(Grammar in Use)


It takes o time to v

It takes + O + (time) + to V

  • take 花費(多少)時間

  • it 虛主詞,代替後面的不定詞(真主詞)

  • We spent much time finishing the homework.

    It took us much time to finish the homework.

  • We spent four hours driving back to Yunlin.

    It took us four hours to drive back to Yunlin.


P 58 a

課本練習題 p.58 (A)

  • I will spend at least two weeks working on this difficult project.

    → It will take me at least two weeks to work on this difficult project.

  • We didn’t spend too much time completing this easy task.

    → It did not take us too much time to complete this easy task.

  • Tracy spent five days touring the city.

    → It took Tracy five days to tour the city.

  • I won’t be able to go to your party if I spend a long time doing this experiment.

    → I won’t be able to go to your party if it takes me a long time to do this experiment.

  • How much time do youusually spend preparing for your final exams?

    → How much time does it usually take youto prepare for your final exams?


P 58 b

課本練習題 p.58 (B)

  • It took them a week to fix my cell phone.

  • It will take him one year to pay off his credit-card bills.

  • It took the company three years to make the movie.

  • …it will take us more than two hours to get there.


Lesson three

假設語氣

與現在事實相反If + S1 + were / V1-ed / Aux V1…, S2 + would / could / should / might + V2… ex:If I were you, I would pay Paris a visit.ex: If it did not rain, we could go out camping.

  • 與過去事實相反

    If + S1 + had (not) Vpp…, S2 + should / would / could/might (+not) + have Vpp…

    ex:If she had not gone to swim in the sea, she would not have been dead.

過去完成式

現在完成式


If s had not vpp s should would could might not have vpp

If + S + had (not) Vpp…, S + should / would / could/might (+not) + have Vpp… 與過去事實相反

  • 與過去事實相反的假設語氣用法

  • 敘述內容與過去事實不符

  • if 引導的條件子句要使用「過去完成式」

  • 主要子句則用過去式助動詞 + 完成式

  • If Ken hadhad enough money, his dream of studying in France couldhave come true.


Lesson three

課本練習題 p.59

  • Polly didn’t go to bed early last night, so she was late for school this morning.

    → If Polly had gone to bed early last night, she would not have been late for school.

  • George helped Mary with her homework, so she could finish it on time.

    → If George had not helped Mary with her homework, she could not have finished it on time.

  • Albert didn’t wear a winter coat, so he caught a cold.

    → If Albert had worn a winter coat, he would not have caught a cold.

  • It rained all day long, so we stayed at home.

    → If it had not rained all day long, we would not have stayed at home.


Lesson three

課本練習題 p.60

had not gotten up late

  • If I , I wouldn’t have missed the school bus.

  • If I , I wouldn’t have got wet.

  • If I hadn’t been late, __________________.

  • If I had studied hard for the test, I _________________ .

  • If I ____________________________, I ___________________.

had had an umbrella with me

my teacher wouldn’t have been angry and punished me

would not have failed it

hadn’t forgotten to bring my money with me

could have bought the book


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