CHAPTER 7 RECOGNIZING AUTHORS’ WRITING PATTERNS IN THIS CHAPTER YOU WILL LEARN: What authors' writing patterns are and why it is important to be able to recognize them The method for recognizing authors' writing patterns. What are authors' writing patterns
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What are authors' writing patterns
and why is it important to be able to recognize them?
Ways authors organize the information they present.
Writing patterns are also known as organizational patterns,
patterns of development, and thinking patterns.
Four advantages to recognizing
authors’ writing patterns when you read:
1. Your comprehension will improve.
You will comprehend more because you will be able to follow and understand the writers' ideas more accurately and more efficiently.
2. You will be able to predict what is coming next.
As soon as you identify the pattern, you can make predictions about what is likely to come next in a paragraph.
Remember, effective readers are active readers who make logical predictions as they read.
4. Your writing will improve.
Using these patterns when you write will enable you to write paragraphs that are clearer and better organized. This also means you can write better answers on essay tests simply by using appropriate patterns to organize information.
What is the method for recognizing
authors' writing patterns?
The pattern will be determined by the organization of the ideas in the entire paragraph or selection,
not by the presence of a single signal word or clue.
Seeing a word that can be used as a signal for a pattern
does not automatically mean that the entire paragraph
has that pattern.
The main idea sentence often contains important clues
about which pattern is being used.
After you have read a textbook paragraph, ask yourself the comprehension monitoring question,
“What pattern did the author use to organize
the main idea and the supporting details?”
A list of items presented in a specific order
because the order is important.
The sequence pattern is also known as
time order, chronological order, a process, or a series.
between two or more things are presented,
between two or more things are presented, or both.
The comparison-contrast pattern
is also known as
ideas in opposition.
To signal contrasts, authors use words such as:
These words are often used to indicate an effect:
In reality, causes always precede effects,
and authors typically present causes first and then their effects.
However, authors sometimes present an effect
and then state its cause.
Words and phrases that show relationships among ideas in sentences, paragraphs, and longer selections.
Where and how do authors use
transition words in written material?
Many paragraphs and selections begin with a sentence
or paragraph designed to get your attention
or to introduce the topic.
Some transition words indicate that the author is continuing a train of thought or adding information.
Some transition words indicate that
the author is presenting an opposing view, a contrast,
or an exception.
Some transition words signal to the reader that
the author is presenting causes (reasons things happen)
or effects (the results or outcomes).
Conclusion or summary statements typically appear
at the end of the paragraph or selection.
Summary of Paragraph Pattern Signals and Clue Words
1. List pattern
words that announce lists
(such as categories, kinds, types, ways, classes,
groups, parts, elements, characteristics, features, etc.)
2. Sequence pattern
3. Comparison-contrast pattern
4. Cause-effect pattern