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Expanding Chinese Language Capacity in the United States: Opportunities and Challenges. Establishing K-12 Critical Language Programs Workshop Portland, Oregon April 26, 2007. Vivien Stewart Vice President, Education, Asia Society. Why Chinese?.

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Expanding chinese language capacity in the united states opportunities and challenges

Expanding Chinese Language Capacity in the United States:Opportunities and Challenges

Establishing K-12 Critical Language Programs Workshop

Portland, Oregon

April 26, 2007

Vivien Stewart

Vice President, Education, Asia Society


Why chinese
Why Chinese?

  • Economic: China accounts for 1/3 of global economic growth and presents important new markets for U.S. companies

  • Linguistic: Chinese is the most widely spoken first language in the world

  • Political: China’s political importance in the Asia-Pacific region is critical

  • Cultural: China has a long history of contributions in literature, philosophy, religion, film, dance, art, music, cuisine, and medicine

  • Demographic: In the U.S., the Asian and Pacific Islander population is projected to grow nearly 70 percent by 2020

  • Technology: China is the world's second-largest Internet market after the United States with more than 110 million users.


Howard schultz chairman starbucks
Howard Schultz, Chairman, Starbucks

China's emerging as one of the centers of the world, if not the center of the world….

If my kids were of very young ages today, I would be asking them, and encouraging them, to learn Chinese.

December 25, 2005

Seattle Times


Current status of chinese instruction
Current Status of Chinese Instruction

Foreign Language Enrollments in United States Institutions of Higher Education, 2002

ADFL Bulletin, Modern Language Association Survey


Current status of chinese instruction1
Current Status of Chinese Instruction

Foreign Language Enrollments in Public Secondary Schools (Grades 7–12), 2000

American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages

*and Princeton University Survey



Current status of chinese instruction3
Current Status of Chinese Instruction

  • Chinese Heritage Schools

    • National Council of Associations of Chinese Language Schools (NCACLS) | www.ncacls.org

    • Chinese School Association in the United States (CSAUS) | www.csaus.org

    • Over 150,000 students enrolled


Challenges

“Expanding Chinese Language Capacity in the United States”

What would it take to have 5 percent of high school students learning Chinese by 2015?

Challenges


Challenges1
Challenges States”

1. Lack of teachers is the key bottleneck

Less than 10 institutions prepare Chinese language teachers


Challenges2
Challenges States”

2. Lack of Knowledge and Resources

  • Raise awareness of importance of languages

  • Share best practices from existing programs

  • Seed funds for schools


Challenges3
Challenges States”

3. Lack of Materials and Delivery Systems

  • Materials supply growing but gaps, e.g. elementary schools, heritage learners, immersion programs

  • Need online and distance learning programs

  • Research on effective programs


Opportunities and new initiatives
Opportunities and New Initiatives States”

Rapidly growing interest!

  • 2,400 schools want to offer AP Chinese


Opportunities and new initiatives1
Opportunities and New Initiatives States”

  • National Security Language Initiative 2006

    • Departments of State, Defense, and Education

    • $114 million to be requested in FY07

    • Three Broad Goals:

      • Expand critical need languages (e.g., Arabic, Chinese, Russian, Hindi, Farsi, and others) and start at a younger age 

      • Increase high proficiency in a language, particularly on critical languages through K-16 language study pipelines

      • Increase the number of foreign language teachers and the resources for them


Opportunities and new initiatives2
Opportunities and New Initiatives States”

  • Foreign Language Assistance Program (FLAP) 2006 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

    • Purpose: To improve the quality and extent of foreign language instruction, particularly in elementary schools.

    • Priority: Critical languages

    • State Education Agencies grants support systemic approaches to improving foreign language learning in the State; Range of awards $50,000 to $400,000

    • Local Education Agencies grants support programs of Local school districts; Range of awards $50,000 to $300,000


Opportunities and new initiatives3
Opportunities and New Initiatives States”

  • FLAP Grantees (States)

    • Ohio: K-6 Mandarin Program (2,000 students in pilot year)

    • North Carolina: Development of Online Mandarin courses (25 students per year in pilot)

    • Wisconsin: Mandarin and Arabic programs K-12. (1,800 students by end of grant period)


Opportunities and new initiatives4
Opportunities and New Initiatives States”

  • College Board-Hanban Agreement

    • The College Board Advanced Placement (AP) Chinese Language and Culture Course

    • Bring guest teachers from China to American classrooms

    • Provide financial assistance to American teacher-candidates in support of their efforts to attain state certification to teach Chinese

    • Support the development of instructional materials from elementary school through Advanced Placement courses


Opportunities and new initiatives5
Opportunities and New Initiatives States”

  • K-16 Flagship at the University of Oregon and Portland Public School District--National Flagship Language Initiative | www.nflc.org/nfl


Asia society five year plan of chinese language initiatives
Asia Society States”Five Year Plan of Chinese Language Initiatives


Resources
Resources States”

See AskAsia.org/Chinese



Resources chinese language newsletter
Resources: States”Chinese Language Newsletter

Subscribe at: http://AskAsia.org/Chinese/


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