China after mao the deng xiaoping revolution 1979 97
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 19

CHINA AFTER MAO: The Deng Xiaoping Revolution 1979-97 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 85 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

CHINA AFTER MAO: The Deng Xiaoping Revolution 1979-97. Deng’s Economic Reforms. DENG’S BASIC APPROACH TO ECONOMIC MATTERS. Economic Realism Performance of Market or Performance of Socialism? Contact or Isolation from Capitalist World?. DENG’S BASIC APPROACH TO THE ECONOMIC MATTERS.

Download Presentation

CHINA AFTER MAO: The Deng Xiaoping Revolution 1979-97

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


China after mao the deng xiaoping revolution 1979 97

CHINA AFTER MAO: The Deng Xiaoping Revolution 1979-97

Deng’s Economic Reforms


Deng s basic approach to economic matters

DENG’S BASIC APPROACH TO ECONOMIC MATTERS

  • Economic Realism

  • Performance of Market or Performance of Socialism?

  • Contact or Isolation from Capitalist World?


Deng s basic approach to the economic matters

DENG’S BASIC APPROACH TO THE ECONOMIC MATTERS

  • Economic Realism Not Possible During Mao’s Reign

  • Deng Discriminated Due to Economic Realism

  • 1982: Deng’s Aims for China’s Economy Released


Deng s hands off policy

DENG’S HANDS OFF POLICY

  • Hand’s Off Policy Begins

  • Departure from Planned Economy Under Mao

  • Problem of State Owned Enterprises (SOEs) Tackled


Deng s hands off policy1

DENG’S HANDS OFF POLICY

  • Dogma Replaced by Pragmatism

  • The economy would become the key focus of Chinese government policy

  • Return to Market Economy

  • Stages of Economic Development


Agricultural reform

Agricultural Reform

  • Commune System Abandoned, Replaced by the xiang

  • Production Quotas Remain

  • Peasants Given Incentive to Produce More


China s agricultural record 1978 1989

China’s Agricultural Record 1978-1989


Problems with agricultural reform

Problems with Agricultural Reform

  • Major Problem Caused by Reform: Property Rights

  • Peasants Have Precedent to not trust State

  • Property Questions Leave Efficiency in Doubt


Industrial reforms education

Industrial Reforms - Education

  • Focus by mid-1980s Turns to Industry

  • First Focus on Education

  • Expansion of Education to Produce Technical Experts

  • Thousands of Chinese Students Go Abroad


Industrial reforms special economic zones

Industrial Reforms - Special Economic Zones

  • Educated Youth to Return to Develop SEZs

  • 4 SEZs Established in the country

  • SEZs were Chief Commerical Outlets and Key to Opening Up Commerce


Special economic zones deng s pragmatism

Special Economic Zones - Deng’s Pragmatism


Industrial reform problems

Industrial Reform - Problems

  • No More Guarantees For Workers and Businesses?

  • SOEs would now need to become efficient

  • Employees Paid Based on Efficiency and Output


Resistance from soes

Resistance from SOEs

  • SOEs Resistant to Changes

  • Loss of “Iron Rice Bowl”?

  • State Tried to Please Workers, Reforms Carry Through

  • Centralized Planning Would Have Been Impossible in China


Results of deng s economic reforms

Results of Deng’s Economic Reforms

  • China On An Economic Boom Since Deng’s Reforms

  • Massive Growth…Fastest Growing Economy in the World the Past 25 years

  • Growth at any Cost? Impact on prices? Environment? Equity?


China after mao the deng xiaoping revolution 1979 97

Deng’s Basic Aims

To stimulate China’s Domestic Economy

To open Chinese trade to the outside world

Means

The 4 Modernizations

Education

Agriculture

Industry

Defense

Methods

Allowing market forces to operate

Subordinating theory to practical considerations

Allowing the development of individual enterprises

Encouraging joint venture of Chinese and foreign investment

Industry

Training of students

Creations of SEZs

Export Drive

Drive for Efficiency/Productivity

Reforms

Land

End of the Commune


  • Login