(716) 895-7333                         www.preferredseed.com
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 30

(716) 895-7333 www.preferredseed.com PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 75 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

(716) 895-7333 www.preferredseed.com. The Goal. Grow bigger bucks and keep them in your hunting area Feed Quality Feed Throughout the year Create a nutritious, DESIREABLE food Source. What we will Discuss. What species Soil Testing

Download Presentation

(716) 895-7333 www.preferredseed.com

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


716 895 7333 preferredseed

(716) 895-7333 www.preferredseed.com


The goal

The Goal

  • Grow bigger bucks and keep them in your hunting area

    • Feed Quality

    • Feed Throughout the year

  • Create a nutritious, DESIREABLE food Source


What we will discuss

What we will Discuss

  • What species

  • Soil Testing

  • Tilling, Fertilizing, and Planting

  • What you need to plant a plot

  • Management


Forage production

Forage Production


Species selection

Species Selection

  • Spring Seeding Perennial (April and May)

    • Clover, Alfalfa, Chicory, Cool Season Grasses, Oats

  • Summer Seeding (July to August 15th)

    • Brassicas, Clover, Alfalfa, Chicory, Cool Season Grasses, Buckwheat

  • Fall Seeding (August 15 – October 10th)

    • Winter Rye and Winter Wheat


Mixes work best

Mixes work best

  • Diversity mixes improve performance across area

    • However mix compatible species

    • Example:

      • Brassicas with slow growing perennials don’t mix.

  • Consider weed control

    • Grasses in a broadleaf mix and vise-versa


Location location location

Location, Location, Location

  • Clear Cut areas

  • Old Hay Fields

  • Logging Roads

  • Pond banks

  • Don’t be afraid to try something

    Remember Sun, Sun, Sun


Agronomic considerations

Agronomic Considerations

Soil Type and Texture

  • Web Soil Survey

    • http://websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda.gov/app/HomePage.htm

  • Soil Testing


Soils

Soils


Soils1

Soils


Soil sampling

Soil Sampling

  • Sample to your tillage depth (go to 6 inches) if you don’t know.

  • Minimum of 30 cores per sample submitted or 10 cores/acre

  • Mix cores in a bucket

  • Air dry them and send into the lab


Soil sample results

Soil Sample Results

  • Soil pH

    • Lime Recommendation

  • Fertilizer Recommendation

    • N-P-K

    • N = Protein

  • Feeding the soil will feed the deer

    Sample Kits available


In the field testing

In the field testing

  • Cornell Soil pH test Kit

    • Available at your local extension office $12.50 each

    • Will quickly give you a liming recommendation

  • No fertilizer recommendation


Soil ph is the most important

Soil pH is the most important

  • High precipitation leaches Ca and Mg leaving Acidic soils in NY

    • Some exceptions of high pH soils in NY

  • Low pH ties up nutrients, particularly Phosphorus and Micro Nutrients

  • Want to maintain our plot pH at 6.5 to 7.0

  • Requires consistent liming in to maintain

  • Legumes require high pH for N fixation


Liming

Liming

  • Virgin soil will require more lime than you can apply in one season

    • Apply a maximum of 2 tons/acre per application

    • Patience, will require multiple years of application

  • Recommendations based on 100 ENV

    • Equivalent Neutralizing Value


Application rate

Application Rate

  • Soil Test Recommends 2 tons/acre of 100% ENV lime

  • The feed mill has 83% ENV lime available

  • Divide 100 / available lime ENV

    • 100/83 = 1.2

  • Multiply 1.2 X 2 tons/ac = 2.4 tons/acre

    Apply 2.4 tons/acre of the 83% ENV lime


Lime types

Lime Types

  • Ag Lime traditional, has to have an ENV number

    • ENV takes into account Fineness (affects reaction time) and Purity

  • Pelletized lime – finer ground reacts more quickly, (not more potent)

    • Easier to spread with small equipment

    • More Expensive


Understanding fertilizer

Understanding Fertilizer

  • Nitrogen – Phosphate – Potash

    • Triple 19 19-19-19

    • % in mix, so if you put 100 lbs/acre of Triple 19 you put down 19 lbs of Nitrogen, 19 lbs of Phosphate, and 19 lbs of Potash

    • Most situations on virgin ground apply 200 to 500 lbs per acre of balanced fertilizer

  • Don’t worry about being off a few lbs of one nutrient or the other


Understanding fertilizer1

Understanding Fertilizer

  • Avoid putting N on Legumes

    • Stimulates weeds

  • Spread fertilizer and weeds at a half rate in two directions for even coverage


Planting prep

Planting Prep

  • Weed Control

    • Start early

    • Will require multiple applications

    • Spring Apply Early May then again in June

    • Ready for Summer Annual planting

    • Wait 3 days after spraying before tilling


Weed control

Weed Control

  • Perennial weeds are easiest to kill in the fall when sinking root reserves

    • Spray mid September with a mix of Glyphosate and 2,4 – D

      • 2,4-D can’t plant broadleaf crops into it for at least 8 weeks so don’t use in the spring

    • Spring will require two apps.


Soil prep

Soil Prep

  • Seed to Soil Contact

  • Not rocket science

    • Use what you have

    • Old disc or drags, tow with your truck or garden tractor

    • Spin Spreader

    • Roller

    • Micro Plots use hand tools

      • Rake up debris loosen the top soil


Soil prep1

Soil Prep

  • Goal

    • Smooth level seed bed

  • Consider working in two directions

    • 45º angles

  • Add leveling boards or chains last pass


Soil prep2

Soil Prep

  • Firm your seed bed

  • Burying seed to deep is the biggest reason for failure


Micro plots

Micro Plots

  • Done with hand tools

    • Sprayer

    • Hand Rake

    • Spreader

    • Chain Saw

  • Make Sure you have sunlight

    • Brassicas don’t like shade

    • Oats, Rye, and some clover or chicory can handle slight shade


Planting seed

Planting Seed

  • Be careful using “Till and Plant Equipment”

    • Often bury seed

  • Broadcasting can work well

  • Drills can work well but understand how to set them up


Seeding depths and rates

Seeding Depths and Rates

  • Check our chart

  • The smaller the seed the shallower it should be planted

  • Alfalfa, Clover, Chicory, Grass Seed ¼” deep

  • Small Grains Rye, Wheat, Oats, Peas ¾”

  • Brassicas ¼” – ½” deep


Big buck clover mix

Big Buck Clover Mix

  • 45% Jumbo Ladino Clover

  • 25% Duration EXTRA Red Clover

  • 20% Ivory 2 White Clover

  • 10% Oasis Forage Chicory

    Palatable perennial mix, keep the pH up and top dress with 0-10-40 or similar


Summer fall winter forage feast

Summer, Fall, & Winter Forage Feast

  • 40% Dwarf Essex Forage Rape

  • 15% Hobson Forage Rape

  • 15% Bonar Forage Rape

  • 12% Improved Forage Kale

  • 9% Appin Turnip

  • 9% Pasja Hybrid Brassica

    Excellent for a kill plot, annual seed mid to late summer most popular mix, graze tops dig bottoms


Wildlife meadow mix

Wildlife Meadow Mix

  • 30% Jumbo Ladino Clover

  • 30% Medium Red Clover

  • 15% Alsike Clover

  • 10% Creeping Red Fescue

  • 10% Duo Festulolium

  • 5% Crown Royale Orchardgrass

  • Good for poorer soils and cover as well as feed. Can handle partial shade.


  • Login