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Japanese Experiences in Urbanization& Urban Planning System in Japan
23 Aug.2001 Jakarta
- Japanese Experiences in Urbanization
- Outline of Urban Planning System in Japan
- Suggestion for Special Planning System in Indonesia
Japanese Experiences in Urbanization
GDP per capita in Japan
Comprehensive National Development Plan
Empowering the Private Sector by Concentrating Public Investments
National Income per capita in Japan
As a result … ⇒ We had several urban problems.
- Formation of poor quality urbanized areas without provision for minimum public facilities, that is sprawl
- Environmental pollution
- Traffic congestion,etc
Urbanization Process in Various Countries
Characteristics of Urbanization in Developing Countries
- Concentration of functions and population in the metropolis, especially in national capitals
Urban Planning Systemin Japan
History of Urban Planning Law
End of 19c.
- Covering the urban area
- in the whole Country
- Urban Infrastructure
The objectives of the 1968 Law
- Enactment of land use plans with legal power
- Supply of building lots in new urban areas
- Regulation and guidance of land use through Land Development Permission System
- Devolving the regulating powers of Urban Planning to local governments
- The introduction of a democratic process of urban planning
Difference between “Spatial Planning in RI ”and “Urban Planning in Japan”
- “Spatial Planning in RI ”deals with all of lands.
- “Urban Planning in Japan”deals with only urban and/or its suburb area
Urban Planning Area
Urban Planning Lawand Related Legislation
Land Use Zoning
Urban Development Projects Related
Main Components of Urban Planning Law
- Project Oriented Planning
Procedure of Urban Planning Approval
A scenery ofexplanation meeting
Project Oriented Planning
Urban Planning Project
- Project implement
- Security in a Period of
High Urban Development
Procedure of Plan Implementation for Urban Planning Projects
- Individual development activities become limited
- In this phase, neither land purchase nor actual construction takes place.
- vested right is given to a developer to purchase land
- Landowner within a project area shall have the right to inverse possession
- Demolition of existing structure for the purpose of implementation
- Compulsory transfer of real estates rights becomes possible.
Suggestion forSpecial Planning System in Indonesia
We have to separate Urban Planning from Spatial Planning!
- Establishment of the concept “Urban Planning”
A chain ofimplementing flow! (democratic process)
This system should be stipulated in details by laws.
Project Oriented Planning!
A democratic and effective method on Urban Development- Land Consolidation -
Roles of Stakeholders onCollaborative Urban Development
Activities of Collaborative Urban Development
A scenery of workshop
Future Themes for explanation
- Role of Central and Local Government
- Urban Development Projects
- Zoning System
- District Plan etc.
Thank you for your attention
See you again!