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Japanese Experiences in Urbanization & Urban Planning System in Japan


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Japanese Experiences in Urbanization Urban Planning System in Japan

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Japanese experiences in urbanization urban planning system in japan l.jpg

Japanese Experiences in Urbanization& Urban Planning System in Japan

JICA Expert

Kenichi WAKAMATSU

23 Aug.2001 Jakarta


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Today’s point

  • Japanese Experiences in Urbanization

  • Outline of Urban Planning System in Japan

  • Suggestion for Special Planning System in Indonesia


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Japanese Experiences in Urbanization


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GDP per capita in Japan


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Comprehensive National Development Plan


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Empowering the Private Sector by Concentrating Public Investments


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National Income per capita in Japan


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As a result … ⇒ We had several urban problems.

  • Formation of poor quality urbanized areas without provision for minimum public facilities, that is sprawl

  • Environmental pollution

  • Traffic congestion,etc


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Urbanization Process in Various Countries


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Characteristics of Urbanization in Developing Countries

  • Urbanization Speed

  • Concentration of functions and population in the metropolis, especially in national capitals


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Urban Planning Systemin Japan


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History of Urban Planning Law

End of 19c.

1968

  • Capital Development

  • Covering the urban area

  • in the whole Country

  • Urban Infrastructure

  • Development

1919

  • Detailed Zoning System


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The objectives of the 1968 Law

  • Enactment of land use plans with legal power

  • Supply of building lots in new urban areas

  • Regulation and guidance of land use through Land Development Permission System

  • Devolving the regulating powers of Urban Planning to local governments

  • The introduction of a democratic process of urban planning


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Difference between “Spatial Planning in RI ”and “Urban Planning in Japan”

  • “Spatial Planning in RI ”deals with all of lands.

  • “Urban Planning in Japan”deals with only urban and/or its suburb area


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Urban Planning Area


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Urban Planning Lawand Related Legislation

Group A

Group B

Group C

Urban Facilities

Related

Land Use Zoning

Related

Urban Development Projects Related


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Main Components of Urban Planning Law

  • The City Planning Law and Construction

    Standard law which Components Each Other

  • above 4m width Road

  • Public Facilities Development Added

  • Review System of Development Project

    Conditions to Develop Projects

  • Project Oriented Planning


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Procedure of Urban Planning Approval

Summaries


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A scenery ofexplanation meeting


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General

In Japan

Project Oriented Planning

Urban Planning Project

  • Project implement

  • Security in a Period of

    High Urban Development

    Demands


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Procedure of Plan Implementation for Urban Planning Projects

  • Individual development activities become limited

  • In this phase, neither land purchase nor actual construction takes place.

  • vested right is given to a developer to purchase land

  • Landowner within a project area shall have the right to inverse possession

  • Demolition of existing structure for the purpose of implementation

    becomes possible.

  • Compulsory transfer of real estates rights becomes possible.


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Suggestion forSpecial Planning System in Indonesia


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We have to separate Urban Planning from Spatial Planning!

  • Establishment of the concept “Urban Planning”

Urban Planning

Spatial Planning


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A chain ofimplementing flow! (democratic process)

This system should be stipulated in details by laws.

<Residents>

<administration>

(Duty)

(Right)

(Duty)

(Right)


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Project Oriented Planning!

  • Urban Development Projects should be authorized with legal power.

  • Urban Development Projects should be included in Spatial Plan.

    ⇒ Land Consolidation and/or KASIBA would be more and more important.


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A democratic and effective method on Urban Development- Land Consolidation -


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Roles of Stakeholders onCollaborative Urban Development

Community

Participation

Activities of Collaborative Urban Development

Advise

Support

cooperation


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A scenery of workshop


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Future Themes for explanation

  • Role of Central and Local Government

  • Urban Development Projects

  • Zoning System

  • District Plan etc.


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Thank you for your attention

See you again!