Rome VS Goguryeo - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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By Edward. Rome VS Goguryeo. Which country had better army?. Military members of Rome. Praetorian (Heavily armed soldier). Armor looks like scales of fish Used both shields and spears Equipped swords for their sub-weapon. Pilium. Equta (Horseman). Lighter armor, big circular shield

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Rome VS Goguryeo

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By edward

By Edward

Rome VS Goguryeo

Which country had better army

Which country had better army?

Military members of rome

Military members of Rome

Praetorian heavily armed soldier

Praetorian (Heavily armed soldier)

  • Armor looks like scales of fish

  • Used both shields and spears

  • Equipped swords for their sub-weapon


Equta horseman

Equta (Horseman)

  • Lighter armor, big circular shield

  • Most of equitas were hired soldiers

  • Minority of army



  • Required Roman citizenship

  • Used spear, and sub-weapon was sword

  • Wore plate armor



  • Wooden shield, javelin

  • Wore animal skin, or metal helmet

  • Superior velites with better armor called ‘Auxiliary’

What was goguryeo

What was Goguryeo?

  • 37 B.C ~ 668 A.D

  • Monarch – governed

  • Adapted Buddhism

  • Huge influence over ancient Asia

Basic members of military

Basic members of military

Gaemamusa heavily armed soldier

Gaemamusa (Heavily armed soldier)

  • Covering body with strong metal

  • Destroyed formation of opponent’s troops

  • Small number of selected people


Mounted troops

Mounted troops

  • Less – equipped than Gaemamusa.

  • Attacked side of the army, escaping soldiers

  • Some of them were archeries.



  • Length of spear was 3~4 meter.

  • Attacked horse soldiers

  • Some spearmen used short, curved spear

Axe man

Axe man

  • Length of axe was (estimation) 1 meter

  • Attacked spearmen, heavily – armed soldiers

  • Used swords as their sub – weapon

Recovered shape

Excavated axe



  • Used swords of 1.2m and small shield.

  • Protected horsemen from side

  • Trained for rough hand – to –hand fight



  • Usually placed at the back of soldier line

  • Attacked foot soldier and horsemen

  • Some of them used crossbows.

Tactics formation

Tactics & Formation

Rome repellere equtas

Rome - Repellere Equtas

  • Formation against horsemen

  • Form square that guard every course

  • Put gladius between shield and shield

Iasor pilum repel cavalry

Iasor Pilum (Repel cavalry)

  • Throwing pilum to their opponents

  • Specially trained to throw pilum

  • Covered bottom and put spears

Agmen formate

Agmen Formate

  • Most common formation

  • Used to thrust opponent

Testudo tortoise

Testudo (Tortoise)

  • One of the most famous formation

  • Used to approach castle

  • Not used commonly

Incredible speed

Exorbitantly strong

Sad truth

Sad Truth

Many documents related to tactics of the Goguryeo were eliminated due to bad preservation and war.

Goguryeo siege process

Goguryeo – Siege (Process)



Goguryeo siege process1

Goguryeo – Siege (Process)

Gaemamusa rush to

side of opponent

Goguryeo siege process2

Goguryeo – Siege (Process)

While Gaemamusa

fighting, horsemen

attack center of


Goguryeo siege process3

Goguryeo – Siege (Process)

Mounted troops

pass enemy’s army

Goguryeo siege process4

Goguryeo – Siege (Process)

When horsemen penetrated

opponent, rest of army

begin attack

Goguryeo siege process5

Goguryeo – Siege (Process)

Then, all soldiers assault

in 4 directions, and archers

supports from behind



  • Speed

  • Tactics

  • Defense

  • Offense

  • Some other points



  • Rome

    33km per day

  • Goguryeo

  • 72km per day

Defense rome

Defense - Rome

  • Basically breastplate

  • Resistant to swords

  • Weak at spear, axe, and arrows

  • Very good to move

Defensive goguryeo

Defensive - Goguryeo

  • Covering from head to foot

  • Resistant to swords and arrows

Offensive rome

Offensive - Rome

  • Advanced standoff weapon

  • Enough to smash formation

These were the cheat, actually

Offensive goguryeo

Offensive - Goguryeo

  • At mountain, overwhelmingly superior

  • Advanced weapons

  • Tactically predominant

I mportant thing

Important thing

We don’t know who is stronger until they actually fight!

The most most importantly

The most, most importantly!

Thank you for watching

Thank you for watching

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