idtech. S. Y. 2 0 1 1 - 2 0 1 2. Principles of Design Essentials of the Structure. INVISIBLE STRCUTURE the plan is the beginning of the structure. . From within to without. VISIBLE STRUCTURE . FORM. -direction. -shape. SURFACE. -texture. -tone.
S. Y. 2 0 1 1 - 2 0 1 2
From within to without
“general to the particular” , mass to detail
Dominant vertical with horizontals
Major & two minor horizontals
The principal identifying characteristic of form
The real dimension of form
The hue, intensity and total value
The surface characteristic of form
The form’s location relative to its
environment or visual field
The form’s position relative to the
ground plane. Compass point
The degree of concentration
and stability of form
circle – is centralized, introverted figure that is normally stable and self centering in its environment.
square – represents the pure and national. It is static and neutral figure having no preferred direction
By: C Ledoux
Chapel of MIT by: Arch Eero Saarimen
Metropolitan Cathedral, Rio, Brazil
TRANSFORMATION OF FORMS
by SPATIAL TENSION – two forms relatively close to each other, or share a common visual traits such as shape, material of color
by EDGE TO EDGE CONTACT – to forms share a common edge, and can pivot about an edge
by FACE TO FACE CONTACT – two forms to have flat, planar surface that are parallel to each other.
by INTERLOCKING VOLUMES – two forms interpenetrate each other’s space
CENTRALIZED FORMS – a number of secondary forms clustered about dominant, central, parent forms.
RADIAL FORMS – composition of linear forms that extend outward from central forms in radial manner.
CLUSTERED FORMS – consist of forms that are grouped together by proximity or sharing of a common visual trait.
GRID FORMS – modular forms whose relationship are regulated by three dimensional grids.