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idtech. S. Y. 2 0 1 1 - 2 0 1 2. Principles of Design Essentials of the Structure. INVISIBLE STRCUTURE the plan is the beginning of the structure. . From within to without. VISIBLE STRUCTURE. FORM. -direction. -shape. SURFACE. -texture. -tone.

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idtech

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idtech

S. Y. 2 0 1 1 - 2 0 1 2

Principles of Design Essentials of the Structure

• INVISIBLE STRCUTURE the plan is the beginning of the structure.

From within to without

VISIBLE STRUCTURE

FORM

-direction

-shape

SURFACE

-texture

-tone

-color

• FORM – the primary identifying characteristic of a volume, it is determined by the shapes and interrelationships of the plans that describe the boundaries of the volume.

“general to the particular” , mass to detail

• MASS - a shape or three-dimensional volume that has or gives the illusion of having weight, density, and bulk.

• VOLUME - The amount of space occupied by a three-dimensional object or region of space, expressed in cubic units.

Vertical

Dominant vertical with horizontals

Horizontal

Major & two minor horizontals

VISIBLE STRUCUTRE

-direction

VISUAL PROPERTIES OF FORM

Shape

The principal identifying characteristic of form

Size

The real dimension of form

Color

The hue, intensity and total value

Texture

The surface characteristic of form

Position

The form’s location relative to its

environment or visual field

The form’s position relative to the

ground plane. Compass point

Orientation

Visual Inertial

The degree of concentration

and stability of form

• VISUAL PROPERTIES OF FORM

• Shape – the principal identifying characteristic of form.

circle – is centralized, introverted figure that is normally stable and self centering in its environment.

triangle – signifies stability when resting on one of its sides but tends to fall over onto one of its sides.

square – represents the pure and national. It is static and neutral figure having no preferred direction

Rak Convention and Exhibition Center, UAE By: Ras Al Khaimah

By: C Ledoux

PLATONIC SOLIDS

SPHERE -

Rotonda de la Villette, Paris by: Arch. C. Ledoux

Chapel of MIT by: Arch Eero Saarimen

PLATONIC SOLIDS

CYLINDER

Museum of Glass

Metropolitan Cathedral, Rio, Brazil

PLATONIC SOLIDS

CONICAL

DIMENSIONAL TRANSFORMATION

SUBTRACTIVE TRANSFORMATION

TRANSFORMATION OF FORMS

by SPATIAL TENSION – two forms relatively close to each other, or share a common visual traits such as shape, material of color

by EDGE TO EDGE CONTACT – to forms share a common edge, and can pivot about an edge

Claude-Nicolas-Ledoux-Architecture

by FACE TO FACE CONTACT – two forms to have flat, planar surface that are parallel to each other.

by INTERLOCKING VOLUMES – two forms interpenetrate each other’s space

CENTRALIZED FORMS – a number of secondary forms clustered about dominant, central, parent forms.

• FIVE DIAGRAMS OF FORMS

LINEAR FORMS – consist of forms arranged sequentially in a row.

• FIVE DIAGRAMS OF FORMS

RADIAL FORMS – composition of linear forms that extend outward from central forms in radial manner.

• FIVE DIAGRAMS OF FORMS

Same Shape

different sizes

Same Shape

same size

CLUSTERED FORMS – consist of forms that are grouped together by proximity or sharing of a common visual trait.

• FIVE DIAGRAMS OF FORMS

GRID FORMS – modular forms whose relationship are regulated by three dimensional grids.

• FIVE DIAGRAMS OF FORMS