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idtech. S. Y. 2 0 1 1 - 2 0 1 2. Principles of Design Essentials of the Structure. INVISIBLE STRCUTURE the plan is the beginning of the structure. . From within to without. VISIBLE STRUCTURE . FORM. -direction. -shape. SURFACE. -texture. -tone.

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idtech

S. Y. 2 0 1 1 - 2 0 1 2



From within to without


VISIBLE STRUCTURE

FORM

-direction

-shape

SURFACE

-texture

-tone

-color




Vertical the illusion of having weight, density, and bulk.

Dominant vertical with horizontals

Horizontal

Major & two minor horizontals

VISIBLE STRUCUTRE

-direction


VISUAL PROPERTIES OF FORM the illusion of having weight, density, and bulk.

Shape

The principal identifying characteristic of form

Size

The real dimension of form

Color

The hue, intensity and total value

Texture

The surface characteristic of form

Position

The form’s location relative to its

environment or visual field

The form’s position relative to the

ground plane. Compass point

Orientation

Visual Inertial

The degree of concentration

and stability of form


  • VISUAL PROPERTIES OF FORM the illusion of having weight, density, and bulk.

    • Shape – the principal identifying characteristic of form.

      circle – is centralized, introverted figure that is normally stable and self centering in its environment.


triangle – signifies stability when resting on one of its sides but tends to fall over onto one of its sides.

square – represents the pure and national. It is static and neutral figure having no preferred direction


Rak Convention and Exhibition Center, UAE By: Ras Al Khaimah sides but tends to fall over onto one of its sides.

By: C Ledoux

PLATONIC SOLIDS

SPHERE -


Rotonda de la Villette, Paris by: Arch. C. Ledoux sides but tends to fall over onto one of its sides.

Chapel of MIT by: Arch Eero Saarimen

PLATONIC SOLIDS

CYLINDER


Museum of Glass sides but tends to fall over onto one of its sides.

Metropolitan Cathedral, Rio, Brazil

PLATONIC SOLIDS

CONICAL


DIMENSIONAL TRANSFORMATION sides but tends to fall over onto one of its sides.

ADDITIVE TRANSFORMATION

SUBTRACTIVE TRANSFORMATION

TRANSFORMATION OF FORMS


by SPATIAL TENSION – two forms relatively close to each other, or share a common visual traits such as shape, material of color

  • ADDITIVE FORMS


by EDGE TO EDGE CONTACT – to forms share a common edge, and can pivot about an edge

  • ADDITIVE FORMS

Claude-Nicolas-Ledoux-Architecture


by FACE TO FACE CONTACT – two forms to have flat, planar surface that are parallel to each other.

  • ADDITIVE FORMS



CENTRALIZED FORMS – a number of secondary forms clustered about dominant, central, parent forms.

  • FIVE DIAGRAMS OF FORMS



RADIAL FORMS – composition of linear forms that extend outward from central forms in radial manner.

  • FIVE DIAGRAMS OF FORMS


Same Shape outward from central forms in radial manner.

different sizes

Same Shape

same size

CLUSTERED FORMS – consist of forms that are grouped together by proximity or sharing of a common visual trait.

  • FIVE DIAGRAMS OF FORMS


GRID FORMS – modular forms whose relationship are regulated by three dimensional grids.

  • FIVE DIAGRAMS OF FORMS


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