The Berlin Blockade. IB History of the Americas. Before we start with the Berlin Blockade, here’s some background we need to discuss…. A Divided Germany Denazification Democratization Demilitarization Germany after WWII The Allied Fallout. Germany… Post WWII.
The Berlin Blockade
IB History of the Americas
Iron Curtain –
A term used by
to describe the
lands of East
Europe from the
The Russians took very high casualties to capture Berlin in May 1945. They spent the early occupation trying to take over all zones of the city but were stopped by German democrats such as Willy Brandt and Konrad Adenauer. Reluctantly the Russians had to admit the Americans, French and British to their respective zones.
The Berlin Blockade was when the Soviet Union blocked off supplies from Western Germany to Western Berlin.
Divisions over future of Berlin dating back to Yalta & Potsdam
Tensions of economic differences – West zones benefited from Marshall Aid
Differences in living standards
Failure of Council of Ministers
Introduction of new currency – Deutche Mark
Merger of Western zones
The Original plan: split Berlin into quadrants and bring them back together when Germany gets a new government.
Stalin wanted Germany to pay the damages they have done in the Soviet Union. He took reparations from East Berlin and Germany.
The United States didn’t want Germany to become a communist country.
USSR wanted to kick the allies out of the area so they could control Germany.
The major problem of the other three countries was during the winter, since they needed an enormous amount of coal.
The Berlin Blockade was ineffective, and also it contributed to the conflict in between the US and the USSR.