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Colonial Mexico. The Viceroyalty of New Spain. Consolidating New Spain. The Spanish Claims on America Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 Casa de Contrataci ón (1503, Seville) Council of the Indies (1524) Settling New Spain Extending the Conquest: Nuño de Guzmán, Francisco Coronado, Juan de Oñate

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colonial mexico

Colonial Mexico

The Viceroyalty of New Spain

consolidating new spain
Consolidating New Spain
  • The Spanish Claims on America
    • Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494
  • Casa de Contratación (1503, Seville)
  • Council of the Indies (1524)
  • Settling New Spain
    • Extending the Conquest: Nuño de Guzmán, Francisco Coronado, Juan de Oñate
    • The Legacy of Cortes
    • The Threat of Foreign Competition
administering an empire
Administering an Empire
  • The Viceroyalty of New Spain
  • The “Republic of Spaniards”
    • The Viceroy
      • Antonio de Mendoza, Luis de Velasco (the elder)
    • The Audiencia
      • Oidores
    • The Visitador: Royal Oversight
    • Corregidores, Alcaldes Mayores, or Gobernadores
the local context
The Local Context
  • The Cabildo [Ayuntamiento]
    • Town Councils
    • Tensions between Local and Royal Agendas
    • The Growth of Local Aristocracies
  • Peninsulares and Criollos: The Distinction Emerges
the republic of the indians
The “Republic of the Indians”
  • Corregidores de Indios
  • The Role of the Cacique
  • Indian Depopulation
  • The “Indian Question”
    • The Encomienda
      • The Power of Encomenderos
    • The New Laws of the Indies (1542)
    • Bartolomé de Las Casas and Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda (the 1550 debate)
    • The Repartimiento
the spanish imperial system
The Spanish Imperial System
  • The Imperial Monopoly
    • Mercantilism
  • A Fragmentation of Authority
  • The State as All-Present, but Not All-Powerful
  • “I Obey but Do Not Comply.”
the economy of new spain
The Economy of New Spain
  • The Example of Cortes
  • The Advance of the Hacienda
    • Hacendados
    • Marriage and Entail
    • An Unstable Elite, at first
  • Agriculture & Livestock
  • Mining
    • Zacatecas, San Luis Postosí
    • The Quinto (Royal Fifth)
  • The Beginnings of Manufacturing
    • Obrajes
the church in colonial mexico
The Church in Colonial Mexico
  • The Spanish “Patronato Real”
  • Secular and Regular Clergy
  • The Church vs. the Encomenderos
  • The Accession of Phillip II (1559)
    • Eroding the Church’s Position
  • The Work of Conversion
    • The Inquisition, 1571
    • “Syncretism”
  • Wordliness
    • Fueros, Property Accumulation
colonial society
Colonial Society
  • The Vagaries of Race
    • Peninsulares, Criollos
    • Mestizos
    • Indians
    • Africans
    • Becoming “White”
  • The Status and Role of Women
  • Population in Mexico
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