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AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT EFFORTS IN KARACHI. MALIK ZAHEER-UL-ISLAM. NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF URBAN AIR QUALITY OF PAKISTAN. (December 13 - 15, 2004) Lahore, Pakistan. KARACHI MASS TRANSIT. 1947. 1957. 1987. 2004. CITY PROFILE. AREA (DISTRICT) 3,520 Sq.Km

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AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT EFFORTS

IN

KARACHI

MALIK ZAHEER-UL-ISLAM

NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF URBAN AIR QUALITY OF PAKISTAN

(December 13 - 15, 2004)

Lahore, Pakistan

slide3

1947

1957

1987

2004

CITY PROFILE

AREA (DISTRICT) 3,520 Sq.Km

URBAN AREA 1,800 Sq.Km

POPULATION (ESTIMATED) 14 Million

POPULATION GROWTH RATE 4%

Growth Trend

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL

slide4

CITY PROFILE- Contd

  • KATCHI ABADIES 550 (55% OF POPULATION)
  • ROAD NETWORK 7400 KM
  • REGISTERED VEHICLES 1.3 MILLION
  • COMPOSITION
    • PRIVATE CARS 45 %
    • MOTOR CYCLES 38 %
    • MCRS 3 %
    • TAXIS 3.2%
    • BUS / MINI-BUSES 1.6%
    • TRUCKS 1.6%
    • OTHERS (D-VANS, PICKUPS ETC.) 7.6%
    • AVERAGE VEHICLE INCREASE / DAY 203
slide5

CITY PROFILE- Contd

  • ANNUAL VEHICLE GROWTH 13%
  • SOLID WASTE GENERATION 8000 TONS/DAY
  • INDUSTRIAL AREAS

AREA (ACRES) NO. OF PLOTS

  • SITE (1947) 4460 1956
  • KORANGI (1961) 3500 2700
  • NORTH KARACHI (1983) 1029 280
  • TYPE OF INDUSTRIES : ENGINEERING, TEXTILES, CONSUMER GOODS, AUTO PARTS, LEATHER PRODUCTS,PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS,BASIC CHEMICALS, PAINTS, LPG PLANTS ETC.
slide6
AIR POLLUTION LEVEL

BASED ON VARIOUS SURVEYS / STUDIES AIR POLLUTION LEVELS IN THE CITY HAVE EITHER CROSSED SAFE LIMITS OR HAVE REACHED THE THRESHOLD VALUES.

slide7

ADMINISTRATIVE SET-UP

  • AUTHORITY: CITY DISTRICT GOVERNMENT KARACHI
  • TOWNS 18
  • UNION COUNCILS 178
  • CANTONMENT BOARDS 6
major environmental issues
MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
  • URBAN CHAOS
    • CONGESTION, LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE, LACK OF PLANNING AND COORDINATION
  • DEGRADED ROAD ENVIRONMENT
    • POOR CONDITION OF VEHICLES PLYING
    • POOR CONDITION OF ROADS
    • BAD ROAD USER BEHAVIOUR
  • INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION
    • NEGATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS
  • POLLUTION FROM POWER PLANTS / GENERATORS
    • OPERATION OF POWER PLANTS / GENERATORS WITH FURNACE OIL / DIESEL
  • SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • IMPROPER DISPOSAL OF INDUSTRIAL / DOMESTIC / HOSPITAL AFFLUENT AND WASTE
slide11
Karachi: 40 persons competing for one bus seat
  • Mumbai: 12 persons competing for one bus seat
  • Hong Kong: 8 persons competing for one bus seat

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL

slide12

Karachi Travel Demand

(Mechanised Trips-2004)

  • Trip Generation /day Over 13.6 million
  • Public Transport (B/MB/C/CC) 52%
  • Private / Para-transit 48%
fuel consumption impact on environment
FUEL CONSUMPTION & IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT
  • FUEL CONSUMED (2001- 02)
    • GASOLINE 729 Tons/ day
    • DIESEL 1780 Tons/ day
  • AIR POLLUTION DUE TO DIESEL DRIVEN VEHICLES (CONSERVATIVE ESTIMATES)

Tons/ day

    • CO2 4770.40
    • HYDROCARBONS 4.63
    • SULPHUR DIOXIDE 33.82
    • NITROGEN OXIDES 19.58
    • CARBON MONOXIDE 77.43
    • PARTICULATE MATTER 4.27
assessment of air quality in karachi 2002 by suparco
Assessment of Air Quality in Karachi- 2002 by SUPARCO
  • Concentration of TSP & PM 10 in ug/m3 at different sites of Karachi and around cement plants
assessment of air quality in karachi 2002 by suparco contd
Assessment of Air Quality in Karachi- 2002 by SUPARCO (Contd.)

USEPA PERMISSIBLE LIMIT

(24h) FOR TSP IS 260 µg/m3

USEPA PERMISSIBLE LIMIT

(24h) FOR PM 10 IS 150 µg/m3

improvement programmes
IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMMES
  • UPDATING OF KARACHI MASTER PLAN
  • REVAMPING OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM
    • INDUCTION OF EURO-II AND CNG ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY BUSES
    • CONVERSION OF AUTO RICKSHAWS TO CNG
  • LOW COST TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SCHEMES:
    • BUS LANES, BUS STOPS, INTERSECTIONS IMPROVEMENT, URBAN TRAFFIC CONTROL, SMV FACILITIES - FOOTPATHS ETC.
    • CREATION OF VEHICULAR FREE ZONE- PEDESTRIAN MALLS IN DOWN TOWN
slide17
CAPITAL INTENSIVE TRANSPORT IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMMES:
    • CONSTRUCTION OF ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS INCLUDING FLYOVERS / UNDER PASSES ETC.

- NORTHERN BY PASS

- LYARI EXPRESSWAY

    • MOTOR VEHICLE TESTING AND DRIVERS’ TRAINING PROGRAMMES THROUGH PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP BASES
  • DEMAND MANAGEMENT
  • REVITALIZATION OF KCR
  • IMPLEMENTATION OF RAIL BASED MASS TRANSIT PROJECT ON PRIORITY-I CORRIDOR
revamping of public transport public private partnership approach
REVAMPING OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT(PUBLIC / PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP APPROACH)

KPTS

Routes in Operation = 10

Buses / Coaches = 230

UTS (CDGK + GOS)

Routes in Operation = 10

Existing Bus Fleet = 200

Buses to be inducted = 300

(by Dec 2004)

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL

slide21

KARACHI CIRCULAR RAILWAY (KCR)

(1964 – 2004)

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL

slide22

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT PROGRAMME

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL

components of priority action plan
COMPONENTS OF PRIORITY ACTION PLAN
  • Corridor- I
  • Stage-I
  • Tower to Sohrab Goth -15.2 k.m
  • Stage-II
  • Extension upto New Sabzi Mandi-8 k.m
  • Corridor-II
  • Cantt. Station to Orangi Town – 13.4 k.m
  • KCR
  • Revitalization and Up-gradation-58 k.m
  • Total: 86.6 k.m
  • (Serve 60% + commuters)

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL

study in hand
STUDY IN HAND
  • THE CDGK IS UNDER TAKING A STUDY ON ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) OF THE OPERATION OF VEHICULAR TRAFFIC WITH THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES:
    • TO CREATE THE BASELINE DATA TO DETERMINE AND ESTIMATE THE EXTENT OF POLLUTION AND THE DAMAGES DONE TO THE HEALTH AND LIVING ENVIRONMENT
    • IDENTIFICATION OF REMEDIAL MEASURES AND THE MOST APPROPRIATE COURSE OF ACTION FOR ABATEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN THE TRANSPORT SECTOR
study in hand contd
STUDY IN HAND- Contd
  • BROADER TASKS WILL INCLUDE:
    • ASSESSMENT OF THE PROBLEM DUE TO DIFFERENT FUELS IN USE
    • IDENTIFICATION OF THE ROLE OF CULTURAL PRACTICES OPERATING IN THE TRANSPORT SECTOR AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OF THE CITY
    • ESTIMATION OF THE COST OF ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION RESULTING FROM PRESENT DILEMMA IN THE TRANSPORT SECTOR
ad