the adhd student in your classroom
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The ADHD student in your classroom. April Stefaniak. Diagnosis. DSM-IV Criteria for ADHD states: Six or more of the nine criteria for inattention, present for at least six months and disruptive and inappropriate developmentally

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Presentation Transcript
diagnosis
Diagnosis
  • DSM-IV Criteria for ADHD states:
    • Six or more of the nine criteria for inattention, present for at least six months and disruptive and inappropriate developmentally
    • Six or more of the nine criteria for hyperactivity/impulsivity present for at least six months and disruptive and inappropriate developmentally
  • Three types of ADHD:
    • Combined type
    • Predominantly Inattentive Type
    • Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type
other diagnoses to consider
Other diagnoses to consider…
  • Students with ADHD are likely to carry other disorders/diagnoses:
    • Learning Disabilities (30-50% of diagnosed students)
    • ODD (1/3 – ½ of all students)
    • Conduct Disorder (20-40%)
    • Anxiety and Depression
    • Bipolar Disorder
long term prognosis with adhd
Long-Term Prognosis with ADHD
  • Inattention tends to persist through childhood and adolescence and onto adulthood.
  • Teens with severe ADHD since middle childhood experience periods of anxiety or depression
  • Many are more likely to drop out of school
so what can we do
So what can we do?!

ABC’s

of a Successful Classroom

for Children with ADHD

a academic instruction
A = Academic Instruction
  • Be PREDICTABLE
    • Review the goals/objectives of the day
    • Review previous lessons
    • Set learning expectations
    • Support the student’s participation in the classroom
    • Check student performance
    • Help students correct their own mistakes
    • Lower noise level
    • Divide work into smaller units
    • Highlight key points
    • CHECK assignments
    • Preview the next lesson
b behavioral interventions
B=Behavioral Interventions
  • Praise
    • Define the appropriate behavior when giving
    • Give immediately
    • Be consistent and sincere
  • Inappropriate Behavior
    • Selectively ignore
    • Provide calming manipulatives
    • Allow escape
    • Peer mediation
    • Proximity
    • Tangible rewards
    • Self-management
    • Token economy
c classroom accommodations
C=Classroom Accommodations
  • Provide low-distraction work areas
  • Use pointers
  • Use egg timers
  • Be sure furniture fits the student
  • Utilize classroom lights for classroom management
  • Seat the student near the teacher or a student role-model
tips for tests and worksheets
Tips for Tests and Worksheets
  • Tests
    • Frequently give short quizzes and avoid long tests.
    • Provide practice tests.
    • Using a tape recorder, have the student record test answers and assignments or give the student oral examinations.
    • Individual administration in a quiet area with frequent breaks will give a more accurate assessment than group administration.
  • Worksheets
    • Use large type.
    • Make the important points easy for the student to find.
    • Do not include visual destructors that are unrelated
    • Use buff-colored paper rather than white if the room\'s lighting creates a glare
    • Write clear, simple directions. Underline key direction words or vocabulary or have the students underline these words as you read directions with them.
    • Draw borders around parts of the page you want to emphasize.
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