Malnutrition
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Malnutrition. PREPARED BY: P. SANTHI, SA, BIO., SCI., ZPHS, SRIKALAHASTI CHITTOOR DIST, AP INDIA. 10 TH CLASS BIO. SCIENCE, ENGLISH MEDIUM. Eating food that does not have one or more than one nutrients in required amounts is known as malnutrition. Causes of Malnutrition.

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Malnutrition

Malnutrition


Prepared by p santhi sa bio sci zphs srikalahasti chittoor dist ap india

PREPARED BY:P. SANTHI,SA, BIO., SCI.,ZPHS, SRIKALAHASTICHITTOOR DIST, APINDIA


10 th class bio science english medium

10 TH CLASSBIO. SCIENCE,ENGLISH MEDIUM


Malnutrition

  • Eating food that does not have one or more than one nutrients in required amounts is known as malnutrition.


Malnutrition

Causes of Malnutrition


Malnutrition

  • 1. Willful starvation or low food intake - when the person decides not to eat or to eat insufficient amounts of food.


Malnutrition

Starvation


Malnutrition

Low Food Intake


Malnutrition

Low Food Intake


Malnutrition

Insufficient Amounts Of Food


Malnutrition

Insufficient Amounts Of Food


Malnutrition

  • 2. Poor health of the individual – due to infections, repeated attacks of diarrhoea and round worm infections.


Malnutrition

Diarrhoea


Malnutrition

Diarrhoea


Malnutrition

Diarrhoea


Malnutrition

Spread of Diarrhoea


Malnutrition

Diarrhoea - Bacteria


Malnutrition

Round Worm


Malnutrition

Round Worm


Malnutrition

Round Worm


Malnutrition

Round Worm


Malnutrition

Round Worm in the eye


Malnutrition

Round Worm in the leg


Malnutrition

Round Worm in the body


Malnutrition

Round Worm


Malnutrition

Round Worm


Malnutrition

Round Worm


Malnutrition

  • 3. Lack of awareness of nutritional qualities of food, nutritional requirements, irrational and wrong beliefs about food and wrong feeding habits.


Malnutrition

  • 4. Socio- Economic factors such as poverty, different amounts and types of foods given to different members in the same family.


Malnutrition

  • 5. Poor quality of housing, sanitation and water supply also contributes to illhealth.


Malnutrition

Poor quality of housing


Malnutrition

Poor quality of housing


Malnutrition

sanitation


Malnutrition

Poor quality of water supply


Malnutrition

Poor quality of water supply


Malnutrition

  • 1. Willful starvation or low food intake - when the person decides not to eat or to eat insufficient amounts of food.

  • 2. Poor health of the individual – due to infections, repeated attacks of diarrhoea and round worm infections.

  • 3. Lack of awareness of nutritional qualities of food, nutritional requirements, irrational and wrong beliefs about food and wrong feeding habits.

  • 4. Socio- Economic factors such as poverty, different amounts and types of foods given to different members in the same family.

  • 5. Poor quality of housing, sanitation and water supply also contributes to illhealth.


Malnutrition

  • Types of Malnutrition in children:-


Malnutrition

  • Malnutrition in children is of 3 types.

  • 1. Calorie Malnutrition.

  • 2. Protein Malnutrition

  • 3. Protene – Calorie Malnutrition


Malnutrition

CALORIE MALNUTRITION

This is seen in children who are given insufficient amounts of energy providing nutrients such as Carbohydrates and fats. This is also called ‘Energy Malnutrition’.


Malnutrition

Calorie Malnutrition


Malnutrition

PROTEIN MALNUTRITION

  • This is seen in children who are given incufficient amounts of Protein in their diet are fed on Proteins that have lesser amounts of essential Amino acids.


Malnutrition

PROTEIN MALNUTRITION


Malnutrition

PROTENE – CALORIE MALNUTRITION

  • This is seen in children who are given poor quality food in which energy giving substances and proteins are less.


Malnutrition

PROTENE – CALORIE MALNUTRITION


Malnutrition

KWASHIORKOR


Malnutrition

  • Kwashiorkor is an African word.

  • Kwashiorkor means displaced children that is mother stops giving milk to the child and the child is given alternative food before one year.


Malnutrition

  • This is a disease due to protein deficiency in the diet. Growth slowed down in these children.


Malnutrition

  • Body parts become swollen due to accumulation of water in the intercellur spaces.


Malnutrition

  • Muscles are very poorly developed and the legs are usually swollen.


Malnutrition

  • Face will be fluffy and moon shaped.


Malnutrition

  • Due to reduction of appetite in the child, he finds it difficult to eat the food.


Malnutrition

  • Child frequently suffers from diarrhoea.


Malnutrition

Diarrhoea


Malnutrition

  • Hair becomes thin and does not have normal shine.


Malnutrition

  • The skin becomes dry and loose.


Malnutrition

  • The child becomes inactive shows little interest in playing and learning.


Malnutrition

  • Kwashiorkor is an African word.

  • Kwashiorkor means displaced children that is mother stops giving milk to the child and the child is given alternative food before one year.

  • This is a disease due to protein deficiency in the diet. Growth slowed down in these children.

  • Body parts become swollen due to accumulation of water in the intercellur spaces.

  • Muscles are very poorly developed and the legs are usually swollen.

  • Face will be fluffy and moon shaped.

  • Due to reduction of appetite in the child, he finds it difficult to eat the food.

  • Child frequently suffers from diarrhoea.

  • Hair becomes thin and does not have normal shine.

  • The skin becomes dry and loose.

  • The child becomes inactive shows little interest in playing and learning.


Malnutrition

MARASMUS


Malnutrition

  • This is a disease due to the dificiency of both proteins and calories.


Malnutrition

Proteins


Malnutrition

calories


Malnutrition

calories


Malnutrition

  • This disease occurs due to improper diet of low carbohydrates and proteins which is given to the child before one year of the age.


Malnutrition

  • Due to protein dificiency body growth will be reduced. As a result child looks smaller for his age.


Malnutrition

  • Body weight will be less than 60% of the expected weight for the age.


Malnutrition

  • The muscles are less developed and there is no fat under the skin. Abdomen gives a swollen look.


Malnutrition

  • Defence mechanism is not well developed hence child suffers from infections and diarrhoea.


Malnutrition

  • The child shows little interest in physical and mental activities.


Malnutrition

  • The child is highly irritable and has voracious appetite.


Malnutrition

  • MARASMUS:

  • This is a disease due to the dificiency of both proteins and calories.

  • This disease occurs due to improper diet of low carbohydrates and proteins which is given to the child before one year of the age.

  • Due to protein dificiency body growth will be reduced. As a result child looks smaller for his age.

  • Body weight will be less than 60% of the expected weight for the age.

  • Limbs will be thin and ribs are prominent.

  • The muscles are less developed and there is no fat under the skin. Abdomen gives a swollen look.

  • Defence mechanism is not well developed hence child suffers from infections and diarrhoea.

  • The child shows little interest in physical and mental activities.

  • The child is highly irritable and has voracious appetite.


Malnutrition

OBESITY


Malnutrition

  • 1. Obesity is a disease due to over eating and excess of energy intake.


Malnutrition

  • 2. Obesity is seen both in children and adults.


Malnutrition

  • 3. A person is said to be Obese when more than 20% of the body weight is due to fat.


Malnutrition

  • 4. Due to over eating excess of energy is converted into fat and is stored in the cells of adipose tissue located below the skin.


Malnutrition

  • 5. Obesity leads to diabetes, cardiovascular, renal and gall bladder problems.


Malnutrition

  • 6. Obesity can be reduced by increasing the energy expenditure and by reducing the intake of energy rich foods like fats.


Malnutrition

  • 7. It is advised to take low calorie diet.


Malnutrition

  • 8. Recent studies indicates that Obesity is due to genetic defects and is inheritable.


Malnutrition

STEPS TO BE TAKEN BY OBESE PEOPLE TO REDUCE THEIR WEIGHT AND SIZE


Malnutrition

  • 1. The only way to treat Obesity is to spend more energy and reduce the intake of energy.


Malnutrition

Reduce The Intake Of Energy


Malnutrition

spend more energy


Malnutrition

  • 2. They are advised to take more balanced and fibre rich food.


Malnutrition

fibre rich food


Malnutrition

fibre rich food


Malnutrition

  • 3. As a person reduced weight the amount of fat in the adipocytes reduces, lessening their size.


Malnutrition

  • 4. Exercises must be done under proper supervision otherwise it leads to cardiovascular problems.


Malnutrition

Exercises must be done


Malnutrition

  • 5. Weight reduction must be gradual and should not be sudden.


Malnutrition

  • 6. Proper and required weight is to be maintained through proper diet and regular exercises.


Malnutrition

  • 1. The only way to treat Obesity is to spend more energy and reduce the intake of energy.

  • 2. They are advised to take more balanced and fibre rich food.

  • 3. As a person reduced weight the amount of fat in the adipocytes reduces, lessening their size.

  • 4. Exercises must be done under proper supervision otherwise it leads to cardiovascular problems.

  • 5. Weight reduction must be gradual and should not be sudden.

  • 6. Proper and required weight is to be maintained through proper diet and regular exercises.


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