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” The Scandinavian Welfare Model – Four Countries – Four Regional models”, Conference in Hamar, Norway, 9.5.2007 The Regional Self-government Experiment in Kainuu Region Juhani Kärkkäinen, Development Director The Joint authority of Kainuu Region (FI). IVALO. 625 km. KAINUU.
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Four Countries – Four Regional models”,
Conference in Hamar, Norway,
The Regional Self-government Experiment
in Kainuu Region
Juhani Kärkkäinen, Development Director
The Joint authority of Kainuu Region (FI)
Kainuu in Finland
Forest area 2003
Rural Population 2000
Summer cottages 2005
Primary production 2004
Populat. over 64 years 2006
Number of farms 2005
Pop. with educat qulificat. 2005
Employed workforce 2004
Secondary production 2004
Housing Production 2005
Percentage of the whole country
Source: Statistics FInland
Joint Authority of Kainuu Region
Kainuu Regional Plan 2025
”Kainuu offers a high quality of living through skills, enterprise and cooperation”
JOINT DEVELOPMENT MISSION
”Improving the appeal and competitiveness of Kainuu as a place in which to live, a location for business and a tourism destination”
Innovation and excellence
Information and Communication Technology
Tourism, leisure time and culture
* passed by the Finnish
Parliament in February 2003,
* took force January 1,2005,
lasts to the end of 2012
To obtain experiences on the strengthening of regional self-government on
Kainuu (and other similar regions in Finland) are facing major development challenges:
Kainuu was seen as a suitable testing ground for new types of administrative and financing structures
1. Regional democracy
2. Increased responsibility to the region for its own development – delegation of governmental decision making
3. Provision of basic services on regional level
* the highest decision making body on the regional level
*elected for a four-year term by the citizens
Election of councillors
direct ballot, in accordance with the principles of proportional representation
In the Finnish national budget for 2005
* most of the national funding for the regional development of Kainuu
has been grouped into a single subsection
Why to provide services regionally ?
Providing services regionally aims to ensure equal services to all citizens.
The previous, distributed model of service production (by individual municipalities) would have been resulted (in all likelihood) within a short time, in concentrating the activities in the regional centre, Kajaani.
Financing of the services remains with the basic municipaties.
PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT
REGIONAL PLANNING AND PROGRAMME DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT
UPPER SECONDARY AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
SOCIAL AFFAIRS AND HEALTH
FINANCE ADMINISTRATION TECHNICAL AND CATERING SERVICES