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” The Scandinavian Welfare Model – Four Countries – Four Regional models”, Conference in Hamar, Norway, 9.5.2007 The Regional Self-government Experiment in Kainuu Region Juhani Kärkkäinen, Development Director The Joint authority of Kainuu Region (FI). IVALO. 625 km. KAINUU.

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The Scandinavian Welfare Model –

Four Countries – Four Regional models”,

Conference in Hamar, Norway,

9.5.2007

The Regional Self-government Experiment

in Kainuu Region

Juhani Kärkkäinen, Development Director

The Joint authority of Kainuu Region (FI)


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IVALO

625 km

KAINUU

Suomussalmi

Puolanka

OULU

KAJAANI

Hyrynsalmi

181 km

Vaala

Ristijärvi

Paltamo

Kuhmo

Vuolijoki

Kajaani

Sotkamo

HELSINKI

568 km

Kainuu in Finland


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Kainuu in proportion to the whole of Finland

Forest area 2003

8,6

Total area

-

2007

7,3

Roads 2006

6,1

Rural Population 2000

3,1

Summer cottages 2005

2,9

Primary production 2004

2,7

Unemployed

2006

2,5

Populat. over 64 years 2006

-

1,9

Population 2006

1,6

Number of farms 2005

1,6

Pop. with educat qulificat. 2005

1,6

Employed workforce 2004

1,4

Services 2004

1,3

Secondary production 2004

1,2

Housing Production 2005

0,8

0

2

4

6

8

10

-

Percentage of the whole country

Source: Statistics FInland

Joint Authority of Kainuu Region



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Renewing Kainuu

Kainuu Regional Plan 2025


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STRATEGY FOR DEVELOPMENT – REGIONAL PLAN 2025

VISION 2025

”Kainuu offers a high quality of living through skills, enterprise and cooperation”


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STRATEGY FOR DEVELOPMENT – REGIONAL PLAN 2025

JOINT DEVELOPMENT MISSION

”Improving the appeal and competitiveness of Kainuu as a place in which to live, a location for business and a tourism destination”


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  • Regional plan 2025

  • Focusing for development

  • Five industry clusters have been chosen for special development in the future:

  • ICT, electronics and metal

  • Tourism, leisure time and culture

  • Forestry and wood processing

  • Food stuff production

  • Welfare


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Regional plan 2025

Innovation and excellence

  • Three cores as focus in developing innovations:

    Information and Communication Technology

  • Measuring

  • Embedded applications

  • Wireless instrumentation

  • Software products

  • Renewing industry with IT applications

    Tourism, leisure time and culture

  • Sport technology applications

  • International products in nature-, culture-, sport- and event tourism

  • Renewing travel industry with IT applications

    Welfare

  • New ways to produce services in public and private sector

  • New IT applications in social and healthcare

  • Functional food



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The Act on the Regional Self-government Experiment in Kainuu

* passed by the Finnish

Parliament in February 2003,

* took force January 1,2005,

lasts to the end of 2012


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The purpose of the experiment(by the law )

To obtain experiences on the strengthening of regional self-government on

  • development of the region

  • organizing the basic services

  • citizen participation

  • municipal administration

  • activities of the governmental district bodies

  • relations between the governmental and regional administration


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REASONS FOR INITIATING THE

EXPERIMENT

Kainuu (and other similar regions in Finland) are facing major development challenges:

  • structural trends in industries

  • declining population with rapidly aging demographic structure

  • low rate of employment

  • lack of entrepreneurship, and

  • weakening municipal economies

  • to overcome and reverse the negative trends

    Kainuu was seen as a suitable testing ground for new types of administrative and financing structures


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THE AIMS OF THE EXPERIMENT

  • to ensure health care, social services and educational services for all inhabitants of the region

  • to bring the guidance of regional State administration of business subsidies into one regional democratic organization

  • to better focus regional development activities

  • to initiate larger, more effective projects

  • to create new enterprises and jobs


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Three main elements of the experiment

1. Regional democracy

2. Increased responsibility to the region for its own development – delegation of governmental decision making

3. Provision of basic services on regional level


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  • Regional democracy (1/1)

  • For the first time on the Finnish

  • mainland,

  • a democratically elected

  • regional council

  • was granted administrative powers

  • that has traditionally been the

  • domain of central government or

  • governmental district bodies


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Regional democracy (2/1)

REGIONAL COUNCIL

* the highest decision making body on the regional level

*elected for a four-year term by the citizens


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Regional democracy (3/1)

Election of councillors

  • 39 councillors were elected by secret and

    direct ballot, in accordance with the principles of proportional representation

  • The first regional election was arranged at the same time with the municipal election in October 2004


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Delegation of decision making (1/2)

In the Finnish national budget for 2005

* most of the national funding for the regional development of Kainuu

has been grouped into a single subsection


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Provision of basic services (1/3)

Why to provide services regionally ?

Providing services regionally aims to ensure equal services to all citizens.

The previous, distributed model of service production (by individual municipalities) would have been resulted (in all likelihood) within a short time, in concentrating the activities in the regional centre, Kajaani.


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Responsibility for welfare policy transferred from the municipalities to the region (2/3)Thus, the region is responsible for

  • health care and social services (with the exception of children`s day care)

  • vocational and upper secondary education and professional adult education

    Financing of the services remains with the basic municipaties.


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ORGANISATION OF KAINUU REGIONAL AUTHORITY municipalities to the region (2/3)

REGIONAL COUNCIL

AUDITING COMMITTEE

REGIONAL BOARD

MANAGEMENT GROUP

PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT

COMITTEE FOR

COMMITTEE

FOR

REGIONAL PLANNING AND PROGRAMME DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT

UPPER SECONDARY AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

SOCIAL AFFAIRS AND HEALTH

FINANCE ADMINISTRATION TECHNICAL AND CATERING SERVICES


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The Region of Kainuu municipalities to the region (2/3)

  • has proved to be an interesting pilot region that – we believe – is of interest also to European partners

  • is interested in changing experiences

  • is open to good advice

  • is also looking for cooperation, benchmarking and common projects.


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Programme for Citizen Participation municipalities to the region (2/3)(approved by the Regional Council, 2006)

  • Special focus

    • Children and youngsters

    • Elderly

    • Handicapped

    • Unemployed

    • Multicultural

    • Citizen and 3rd sector associations


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Programme for Citizen Participation municipalities to the region (2/3)

  • Means, examples

    • Education, advice, special materials for the schools

    • Youth councils

    • Information (incl. on-line services)

    • Interactive cooperation forums

    • Feed-back channels


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For further information municipalities to the region (2/3)

Juhani Kärkkäinen

Development Director

+358 44 7100858

[email protected]

www.kainuu.fi


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