The persecuted church
Download
1 / 38

The Persecuted Church - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 559 Views
  • Updated On :
loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Persecuted Church' - sherlock_clovis


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
The persecuted church l.jpg

The History of

Christianity

The Persecuted Church

© John Stevenson, 2008



Slide3 l.jpg

Kill us, torture us, condemn us, grind us to dust; your injustice is the proof that we are innocent... The more we are hewn down by you, the more numerous do we become. The blood of Christians is seed. (Tertullian, Apology 50:13).


John 15 20 l.jpg

John 15:20 injustice is the proof that we are innocent... The more we are hewn down by you, the more numerous do we become. The blood of Christians is seed

Remember the word that I said to you, “A slave is not greater than his master.” If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you; if they kept My word, they will keep yours also.


2 timothy 3 10 12 l.jpg

2 Timothy 3:10-12 injustice is the proof that we are innocent... The more we are hewn down by you, the more numerous do we become. The blood of Christians is seed

Now you followed my teaching, conduct, purpose, faith, patience, love, perseverance, 11 persecutions, and sufferings, such as happened to me at Antioch, at Iconium and at Lystra; what persecutions I endured, and out of them all the Lord rescued me! 12 Indeed, all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will be persecuted.



Jewish persecutions l.jpg
Jewish Persecutions attacked by an unbelieving world?

  • Reasons for Jewish Persecution

    • Perceived charge of blasphemy

    • The stumbling block of the cross

    • Jealousy for popularity of the people

    • Gamaliel’s reasoned defense

  • Initially limited to Judea and the surrounding regions


Slide8 l.jpg

And on that day a great persecution began against the church in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. (Acts 8:1b).


Jewish persecutions9 l.jpg
Jewish Persecutions in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. (Acts 8:1b).

  • Reasons for Jewish Persecution

    • Perceived charge of blasphemy

    • The stumbling block of the cross

    • Jealousy for popularity of the people

    • Gamaliel’s reasoned defense

  • Initially limited to Judea and the surrounding regions

  • Capital punishment was initially unauthorized by Rome


Christianity versus rome a conflict of culture l.jpg
Christianity versus Rome in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. (Acts 8:1b).A Conflict of Culture

  • Roman schools taught pagan religion.

  • Roman cemeteries offered up prayers to false idols.


Christianity versus rome a conflict of culture11 l.jpg
Christianity versus Rome in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. (Acts 8:1b).A Conflict of Culture

  • Roman schools taught pagan religion.

  • Roman cemeteries offered up prayers to false idols.

  • Roman marketplaces sold food that had been offered to Roman gods.

  • The Roman military personnel were required to swear oaths to the emperor, worshiping him.


Christianity versus rome a conflict of culture12 l.jpg
Christianity versus Rome in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. (Acts 8:1b).A Conflict of Culture

  • Tertullian said that attendance at the Roman circus and theater was the equivalent to sacrificing to false gods.

Roman Religious Tolerance

Christianity’s Exclusive Claims


Slide13 l.jpg

1 in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. (Acts 8:1b).

500

1500

2000

1000

A Timeline of Church History

Persecuted

Church

The

Ancient

Church

The

Medieval

Church

The

Reformed

Church


Nero s persecutions l.jpg
Nero’s Persecutions in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. (Acts 8:1b).

  • Great Fire of Rome: 64 A.D.

  • Christians charged with atheism

  • Forms of torture

    • Crucifixion

    • Torn by animals

    • Burning

    • Dragged to death


Nero s persecutions16 l.jpg
Nero’s Persecutions in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. (Acts 8:1b).

“They were clad in the hides of beasts and torn to death by dogs; others were crucified, others set on fire to serve to illuminate the night when daylight failed.”

― Tacitus


Tacitus l.jpg
Tacitus in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. (Acts 8:1b).

  • What is his attitude about Nero’s persecution of Christians?

  • What is his opinion about Christianity?

  • Why does he accuse Christians of “hatred of the human race?”


Domitian s persecutions l.jpg

Domitian’s Persecutions in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. (Acts 8:1b).

Domitian, too, a man of Nero’s type in cruelty, tried his hand at persecution; but as he had something of the human in him, he soon put an end to what he had begun, even restoring again those whom he had banished (Tertullian, Apology 5).


Trajan christianity l.jpg

What does Trajan recommend to Pliny about how to handle Christians?

Trajan & Christianity

  • Became emperor 98 A.D.

  • Letters from Pliny the Younger, governor of Pontus/Bithynia


Governor pliny s report to trajan l.jpg

Governor Pliny’s report to Trajan Christians?

Meanwhile, in the case of those who were denounced to me as Christians, I have observed the following procedure: I interrogated these as to whether they were Christians; those who confessed I interrogated a second and a third time, threatening them with punishment; those who persisted I ordered executed.


Governor pliny s report to trajan21 l.jpg

Governor Pliny’s report to Trajan Christians?

Those who denied that they were or had been Christians, when they invoked the gods in words dictated by me, offered prayer with incense and wine to your image, which I had ordered to be brought for this purpose together with statues of the gods, and moreover cursed Christ--none of which those who are really Christians, it is said, can be forced to do--these I thought should be discharged.


Trajan s reply l.jpg

Trajan’s Reply Christians?

“They are not to be sought out; if they are denounced and proved guilty, they are to be punished, with this reservation, that whoever denies that he is a Christian and really proves it--that is, by worshiping our gods--even though he was under suspicion”


Hadrian l.jpg
Hadrian Christians?

(117-138)

  • Those bringing false witness against Christians were themselves to be punished

  • Built a temple to Jupiter in Jerusalem

  • Bar-Kochba Revolt


Polycarp l.jpg
Polycarp Christians?

155 A.D.

  • Bishop of Smyrna

  • Arrested in home; invited soldiers to eat

  • Taken before Roman proconsul

  • Ordered to say, “Away with the atheists!”


Polycarp25 l.jpg

Polycarp Christians?

155 A.D.

“Eighty-six years have I been His servant, and He hath done me no wrong. How then can I blaspheme my King who saved me?”


Felicitas perpetua l.jpg
Felicitas & Perpetua Christians?

203 A.D.

  • Christian woman and her slave

  • Carthage

  • Refused to apostatize

  • Torn apart by animals


Felicitas perpetua27 l.jpg
Felicitas & Perpetua Christians?

203 A.D.

What do the martyrdoms of Polycarp, Perpetua, & Felicitas tell us about the early church?



Marcus aurelius l.jpg
Marcus Aurelius objectionable?

(161-180)

  • Stoic Philosopher

  • Instituted a spy system designed to locate evidence against suspected Christians

  • Justin Martyr put to death during this persecution


Decius l.jpg
Decius objectionable?

(249-251)

  • His predecessor, Philip the Arabian, was friendly toward Christianity

  • Decius wanted to return Rome to her pagan roots

  • When plague broke out, the Christians were blamed

  • All citizens of Rome required to offer incense with oath that “Caesar is Lord”


Diocletian l.jpg
Diocletian objectionable?

(284-311)

  • Rose from slavery to become emperor

  • Appointed three co-regents to rule alongside him

  • Initially tolerated all religious groups

  • In 303 he instituted a persecution against Christianity


Diocletian32 l.jpg
Diocletian objectionable?

(284-311)

  • Churches destroyed and properties confiscated

  • All copies of Bible ordered to be destroyed

  • Civil rights of Christians suspended

  • Christians in public office deposed

  • Food in marketplaces sprinkled with wine that had been sacrificed to idols


Constantine l.jpg

Constantine objectionable?

Edict of Toleration


1 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 l.jpg

Timeline objectionable?

Period of

Roman Persecutions

1 50 100 150 200 250 300 350

Ignatius

Marcus

Aurelius

Decius

John

Diocletian

Pliny

Peter

Justin Martyr

Paul

Constantine

Polycarp


What were the results of the persecutions l.jpg
What were the objectionable?Results of the Persecutions?

  • The Church was Purified

  • The New Testament was Recognized

  • God was glorified


ad