Survey of New York State Deer Hunters Following the 2009 Hunting Season - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Survey of New York State Deer Hunters Following the 2009 Hunting Season. Jody W. Enck Human Dimensions Research Unit Department of Natural Resources Cornell University . Presentation Topics. Sampling considerations and survey design. Statistical precision. Survey topics:

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Survey of new york state deer hunters following the 2009 hunting season l.jpg

Survey of New York State Deer Hunters

Following the 2009 Hunting Season

Jody W. Enck

Human Dimensions Research Unit

Department of Natural Resources

Cornell University


Presentation topics l.jpg

Presentation Topics

  • Sampling considerations and survey design.

  • Statistical precision.

  • Survey topics:

    • Opinions about a possible youth hunt

    • Opinions about legalization and use of crossbows

    • Opinions about various management options emerging from statewide meetings held prior to the 2009 hunting season.


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Sampling Considerations

  • Statewide survey, representative of all deer hunters.

  • Geographic breakouts for hunters who hunt primarily in Northern Zone and for hunters who hunt primarily in Southern Zone.

  • Total sample size of 4,791 deliverable questionnaires; 2,213 respondents (46.2%).

  • Maximum margin of error = +/- 2.2%


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Survey Design

  • 2 versions of the questionnaire.

  • Similarities:

    • Variables on hunting participation and experiences, demographic characteristics.

    • Opinions about possible youth hunt, crossbows.

  • Differences:

    • Version 1: Questions about 8 options regarding season structure and harvest of antlerless deer.

    • Version 2: Questions about 6 options regarding harvest of antlered bucks.


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Opinions AboutPossible Youth Hunt

Overall opinion%

Good Idea 56

Neither Good nor Bad 20

Bad Idea 24


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Opinions AboutPossible Youth Hunt

Overall opinionWith Kids No kids

Good Idea58% 55%

Neither 24 18

Bad Idea 17 27

Having children who might take advantage of the new opportunity had little effect on hunters’ opinions.


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Opinions AboutPossible Youth Hunt

When should a youth hunt be held?

6 options were examined…

each was a good idea for 25-36%

each was a bad idea for 36-45%

What kind of hunting opportunity should the youth have? Good Bad

buck tag and antlerless tag 48%33%

one deer of either sex 64%24%


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Opinions AboutPossible Youth Hunt

Willing to be non-hunting

adult on youth hunt? Kids No kids

Not at all willing 5%18%

Slightly willing 717

Moderately willing 1521

Very willing 7244


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Opinions AboutUse of Crossbows

Crossbows were not legal at time of survey.

What extent agree or disagree that crossbows

should never be legalized?

Agree, never legalize 31%

Neither agree nor disagree16%

Disagree, should legalize53%


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Opinions AboutUse of Crossbows

Crossbows were not legal at time of survey.

What extent agree or disagree that crossbows

should never be legalized?

Bowhunters Others

Agree 32% 30%

Neither 15 16

Disagree 53 54


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Opinions AboutUse of Crossbows

If crossbows were legal, they should be legal for…

Agree Neither Disagree

All hunters, whenever bows

are legal (bow, reg. gun)53% 14%33%

Places needing more

deer harvested 43 2037

All hunters, only reg. gun16 1667

Disabled hunters76 816

Senior hunters68 11 21


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Opinions AboutUse of Crossbows

If crossbows were legal, would you use one?

Bowhunters Others

Definitely no 21% 21%

Probably no 20 14

Not sure 16 21

Probably yes 20 24

Definitely yes 23 20


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Management Options

  • Topics identified from statewide meetings

  • 4 options pertaining to season structure

  • 4 options pertaining to antlerless harvest

  • 6 options pertaining to antlered buck harvest

    • Opinion measured as Good Idea vs. Bad Idea

    • Most important trade-offs as basis for opinion


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Opinions About Changes to Season Structure

Lengthen late archery and muzzleloader seasons in Southern Zone?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 38%29%33%

Hunt SZ late seas.541333

Other hunters 2938 33(statistically different)


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Opinions About Changes to Season Structure

Shorten regular firearms season?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 17% 7%76%

Hunt reg. gun16 678

Other hunters 2015 66

(different)


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Opinions About Changes to Season Structure

Create new season for flintlock, sidelock, and matchlock muzzleloaders (no scopes allowed)?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 18%19%63%

Muzz. hunters 241957

Other hunters 161965

(different)


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Create new season for flintlock, sidelock, and matchlock muzzleloaders (no scopes allowed)?

Would participate? All muzzlehunters

not likely69% 50%

slightly likely15 20

moderately likely 7 11

very likely 9 19


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Opinions About Changes to Season Structure

Start archery season earlier?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 47% 24% 29%

Bowhunters681220

Other hunters 37 29 34

(different)


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Opinions About Changes to Antlerless Regulations

In WMUs where deer population too high,

make part of bow and muzzle seasons antlerless-only?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 50%16%34%

Bow/muzzle511633

Reg. gun 491338

(not different statistically)


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Opinions About Changes to Antlerless Regulations

Allow antlerless harvest only through DMPs?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 50%14%36%

Bow/muzzle341353

Others641422

(different)


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Opinions About Changes to Antlerless Regulations

In years when WMUs are temporarily closed to DMPs, allow bow and muzzle hunters to only take bucks in those WMUs during that year?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters57%17%26%

Bow/muzzle 521731

Others611623

(different)


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Opinions About Changes to Antlerless Regulations

Create a new, early muzzleloader

season in SZ that is antlerless-only?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 41%12%47%

SZ Muzz. Hunters 57 637

Other hunters 361450

(different)


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Trade-offs for Buck Options

Which ONE of these experiences is most important to you personally?

Having the greatest opportunity to harvest more than one buck per year = 8%

Having the greatest prospects of taking an older buck with large antlers = 34%

Having the greatest freedom to choose which antlered buck I take = 58%


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Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Allow each hunter to take only one

antlered buck per year?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 42%17%41%

Bow/muzzle34 858

Other hunters611128

(different)


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Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Keep current 2-buck bag limit,

but make 2nd tag valid only for

bucks with larger antlers?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 42%11%47%


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Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Set mandatory antler restrictions to

reduce harvest of yearling bucks

during all deer seasons (youth exempt)?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 48% 7%45%


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Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Set mandatory antler restrictions to reduce harvest of yearling bucks, but only for part of the deer season (youth exempt)?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 42%12%46%


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Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Promote voluntary restraint on the

part of hunters to pass-up shots

at yearling bucks?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 53%14%33%


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Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Give hunters choice to buy 1 tag valid for any antlered buck OR 2 tags valid only for bucks with larger antlers?

GoodBad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 33%15%52%


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Thank You


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