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Survey of New York State Deer Hunters Following the 2009 Hunting Season. Jody W. Enck Human Dimensions Research Unit Department of Natural Resources Cornell University . Presentation Topics. Sampling considerations and survey design. Statistical precision. Survey topics:

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survey of new york state deer hunters following the 2009 hunting season
Survey of New York State Deer Hunters

Following the 2009 Hunting Season

Jody W. Enck

Human Dimensions Research Unit

Department of Natural Resources

Cornell University

presentation topics
Presentation Topics
  • Sampling considerations and survey design.
  • Statistical precision.
  • Survey topics:
    • Opinions about a possible youth hunt
    • Opinions about legalization and use of crossbows
    • Opinions about various management options emerging from statewide meetings held prior to the 2009 hunting season.
sampling considerations
Sampling Considerations
  • Statewide survey, representative of all deer hunters.
  • Geographic breakouts for hunters who hunt primarily in Northern Zone and for hunters who hunt primarily in Southern Zone.
  • Total sample size of 4,791 deliverable questionnaires; 2,213 respondents (46.2%).
  • Maximum margin of error = +/- 2.2%
survey design
Survey Design
  • 2 versions of the questionnaire.
  • Similarities:
    • Variables on hunting participation and experiences, demographic characteristics.
    • Opinions about possible youth hunt, crossbows.
  • Differences:
    • Version 1: Questions about 8 options regarding season structure and harvest of antlerless deer.
    • Version 2: Questions about 6 options regarding harvest of antlered bucks.
opinions about possible youth hunt
Opinions AboutPossible Youth Hunt

Overall opinion %

Good Idea 56

Neither Good nor Bad 20

Bad Idea 24

opinions about possible youth hunt6
Opinions AboutPossible Youth Hunt

Overall opinion With Kids No kids

Good Idea 58% 55%

Neither 24 18

Bad Idea 17 27

Having children who might take advantage of the new opportunity had little effect on hunters’ opinions.

opinions about possible youth hunt7
Opinions AboutPossible Youth Hunt

When should a youth hunt be held?

6 options were examined…

each was a good idea for 25-36%

each was a bad idea for 36-45%

What kind of hunting opportunity should the youth have? Good Bad

buck tag and antlerless tag 48% 33%

one deer of either sex 64% 24%

opinions about possible youth hunt8
Opinions AboutPossible Youth Hunt

Willing to be non-hunting

adult on youth hunt? Kids No kids

Not at all willing 5% 18%

Slightly willing 7 17

Moderately willing 15 21

Very willing 72 44

opinions about use of crossbows
Opinions AboutUse of Crossbows

Crossbows were not legal at time of survey.

What extent agree or disagree that crossbows

should never be legalized?

Agree, never legalize 31%

Neither agree nor disagree 16%

Disagree, should legalize 53%

opinions about use of crossbows10
Opinions AboutUse of Crossbows

Crossbows were not legal at time of survey.

What extent agree or disagree that crossbows

should never be legalized?

Bowhunters Others

Agree 32% 30%

Neither 15 16

Disagree 53 54

opinions about use of crossbows11
Opinions AboutUse of Crossbows

If crossbows were legal, they should be legal for…

Agree Neither Disagree

All hunters, whenever bows

are legal (bow, reg. gun) 53% 14% 33%

Places needing more

deer harvested 43 20 37

All hunters, only reg. gun 16 16 67

Disabled hunters 76 8 16

Senior hunters 68 11 21

opinions about use of crossbows12
Opinions AboutUse of Crossbows

If crossbows were legal, would you use one?

Bowhunters Others

Definitely no 21% 21%

Probably no 20 14

Not sure 16 21

Probably yes 20 24

Definitely yes 23 20

management options
Management Options
  • Topics identified from statewide meetings
  • 4 options pertaining to season structure
  • 4 options pertaining to antlerless harvest
  • 6 options pertaining to antlered buck harvest
    • Opinion measured as Good Idea vs. Bad Idea
    • Most important trade-offs as basis for opinion
opinions about changes to season structure
Opinions About Changes to Season Structure

Lengthen late archery and muzzleloader seasons in Southern Zone?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 38% 29% 33%

Hunt SZ late seas. 54 13 33

Other hunters 29 38 33 (statistically different)

opinions about changes to season structure15
Opinions About Changes to Season Structure

Shorten regular firearms season?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 17% 7% 76%

Hunt reg. gun 16 6 78

Other hunters 20 15 66

(different)

opinions about changes to season structure16
Opinions About Changes to Season Structure

Create new season for flintlock, sidelock, and matchlock muzzleloaders (no scopes allowed)?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 18% 19% 63%

Muzz. hunters 24 19 57

Other hunters 16 19 65

(different)

slide17

Create new season for flintlock, sidelock, and matchlock muzzleloaders (no scopes allowed)?

Would participate? All muzzlehunters

not likely 69% 50%

slightly likely 15 20

moderately likely 7 11

very likely 9 19

opinions about changes to season structure18
Opinions About Changes to Season Structure

Start archery season earlier?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 47% 24% 29%

Bowhunters 68 12 20

Other hunters 37 29 34

(different)

opinions about changes to antlerless regulations
Opinions About Changes to Antlerless Regulations

In WMUs where deer population too high,

make part of bow and muzzle seasons antlerless-only?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 50% 16% 34%

Bow/muzzle 51 16 33

Reg. gun 49 13 38

(not different statistically)

opinions about changes to antlerless regulations20
Opinions About Changes to Antlerless Regulations

Allow antlerless harvest only through DMPs?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 50% 14% 36%

Bow/muzzle 34 13 53

Others 64 14 22

(different)

opinions about changes to antlerless regulations21
Opinions About Changes to Antlerless Regulations

In years when WMUs are temporarily closed to DMPs, allow bow and muzzle hunters to only take bucks in those WMUs during that year?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 57% 17% 26%

Bow/muzzle 52 17 31

Others 61 16 23

(different)

opinions about changes to antlerless regulations22
Opinions About Changes to Antlerless Regulations

Create a new, early muzzleloader

season in SZ that is antlerless-only?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 41% 12% 47%

SZ Muzz. Hunters 57 6 37

Other hunters 36 14 50

(different)

trade offs for buck options
Trade-offs for Buck Options

Which ONE of these experiences is most important to you personally?

Having the greatest opportunity to harvest more than one buck per year = 8%

Having the greatest prospects of taking an older buck with large antlers = 34%

Having the greatest freedom to choose which antlered buck I take = 58%

opinions about changes to buck regulations
Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Allow each hunter to take only one

antlered buck per year?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 42% 17% 41%

Bow/muzzle 34 8 58

Other hunters 61 11 28

(different)

opinions about changes to buck regulations25
Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Keep current 2-buck bag limit,

but make 2nd tag valid only for

bucks with larger antlers?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 42% 11% 47%

opinions about changes to buck regulations26
Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Set mandatory antler restrictions to

reduce harvest of yearling bucks

during all deer seasons (youth exempt)?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 48% 7% 45%

opinions about changes to buck regulations27
Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Set mandatory antler restrictions to reduce harvest of yearling bucks, but only for part of the deer season (youth exempt)?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 42% 12% 46%

opinions about changes to buck regulations28
Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Promote voluntary restraint on the

part of hunters to pass-up shots

at yearling bucks?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 53% 14% 33%

opinions about changes to buck regulations29
Opinions About Changes to Buck Regulations

Give hunters choice to buy 1 tag valid for any antlered buck OR 2 tags valid only for bucks with larger antlers?

Good Bad

ideaNeitheridea

All hunters 33% 15% 52%

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