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Safety and Marine Environment Protection; prospects we face - the EU perspective. Marten Koopmans Permanent representative of the European Commission to the IMO. Content. Introduction Prospects 3 rd Maritime Safety Package Conclusions. EU maritime transport.

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safety and marine environment protection prospects we face the eu perspective

Safety and Marine Environment Protection; prospects we face - the EU perspective

Marten Koopmans

Permanent representative of the European Commission to the IMO

content
Content
  • Introduction
  • Prospects
  • 3rd Maritime Safety Package
  • Conclusions
eu maritime transport
EU maritime transport
  • 80+ % of world trade + EU external trade is carried by sea +
  • 40 % of intra-EU trade is carried by sea
  • 25 % of world tonnage under EU flag +
  • 40+ % of world fleet controlled by EU shipping companies
  • 3.5 billion tonnes of cargo + 400 million passengers through EU ports per year
  • 350.000 jobs in ports + related services
priorities
Priorities
  • improving maritime safety
  • promotion of high-quality standards

=> Following a series of accident measures have been adopted to:

    • eliminate substandard shipping
    • increase the protection of crews and passengers
    • reduce environmental pollution
    • ensure that good operators are not facing commercial disadvantage
    • promote international competitiveness of EU shipping
    • improve EU transport efficiency
    • full & harmonised implementation of International Conventions within the European Union
prospects
Prospects
  • General developments
  • society wants more “goods”, so i.e. more (unseen) transport
  • society continues to be less willing to accept accidents and (even more so) pollution
  • while preventive measures is the key, accidents will unavoidably trigger more regulation (last “triggering” major accident (Prestige) was 7 years ago)
3 rd maritime safety package
3rd Maritime Safety Package
  • Published in the Official Journal of the EU on 28 May 2009
  • To find this:
    • http://eur-lex.europa.eu/

JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:131:SOM:EN:HTML

or

    • http://eur-lex.europa.eu
    • choose a language
    • go to: Official Journal
    • type in: 2009 + L + 131
3 rd maritime safety package7
3rd Maritime Safety Package
  • Flag State responsibilities
  • Classification societies
  • Port State control
  • Vessel traffic monitoring
  • Accident investigation
  • Liability and compensation for damage of passengers
  • Insurance of shipowners for maritime claims
flag state i
Flag State-I
  • missing link in EU legislation
  • EU MS to control that ships flying their flags effectively respect IMO standards
  • mandatory audit plan of national maritime administrations
  • certification of maritime administrations quality management systems
flag state ii
Flag State-II
  • firm commitment of EU MS to ratify safety and liability conventions
  • apply the IMO audit scheme (VIMSAS) and Code of mandatory instruments
  • ensure VIMSAS and Code are made mandatory at international level
  • all EU MS flags on the Paris MoU PSC white list by 2012 at the latest
classification societies i
Classification societies-I
  • classification societies are fundamental for maritime safety. Better performance means less room for sub-standard shipping
  • radical improvement in the quality of the work undertaken by classification societies
  • independent quality control regime by a specialised body
classification societies ii
Classification societies-II
  • mutual recognition of classification certificates where appropriate and safe
  • transparency and cooperation obligations
  • new system of financial penalties for preventing under-performance
port state control
Port State Control
  • more stringent regime for substandard vessels (frequency of inspections, banning)
  • new inspection regime with a full EU inspections coverage (25 % => 100 %)
  • risk-based frequency of the inspection (most dangerous ships => every 6 months)
  • ships not fulfilling the rules will be banned
  • blacklist of companies
vessel traffic monitoring
Vessel Traffic Monitoring
  • Places of Refuge:
    • legal framework
    • independent decision making
    • tools for decision making
  • SafeSeaNet: EU-wide electronic system for maritime data exchange
  • AIS: mandatory for fishing vessels
accident investigation
Accident investigation
  • investigation after each very serious casualties where EU interest are affected
  • in line with IMO Code
  • independent, professional bodies
  • common methodology
  • technical support by EMSA
  • cooperation between investigating bodies
compensation of passengers
Compensation of passengers
  • Athens Convention of 2002 in EU legislation
    • modernised carrier liability rules
    • mandatory insurance system
    • satisfactory compensation ceiling
  • applies to
    • all passengers who have purchased their tickets in Europe
    • all EU flagged ships
    • all voyages to/from EU MS
maritime insurance
Maritime insurance
  • compulsory insurance for all ships in EU
  • cover ceilings as in the LLMC-1996
  • proof of insurance
  • insurance certificate to be verified by PSC
  • no certificate: penalties, e.g. ship may be detained or even expelled
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Maritime transport is important for the EU
  • Society will demand more safety and environment protection from shipping
  • Shipping will have to deliver this, also in hard times
  • The 3rd Maritime Safety Package is the new milestone in this continued progress
slide18

Большое спасибо

(bal’shoye spasiba)

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