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Safety and Marine Environment Protection; prospects we face - the EU perspective. Marten Koopmans Permanent representative of the European Commission to the IMO. Content. Introduction Prospects 3 rd Maritime Safety Package Conclusions. EU maritime transport.

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Safety and marine environment protection prospects we face the eu perspective l.jpg

Safety and Marine Environment Protection; prospects we face - the EU perspective

Marten Koopmans

Permanent representative of the European Commission to the IMO


Content l.jpg
Content - the EU perspective

  • Introduction

  • Prospects

  • 3rd Maritime Safety Package

  • Conclusions


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EU maritime transport - the EU perspective

  • 80+ % of world trade + EU external trade is carried by sea +

  • 40 % of intra-EU trade is carried by sea

  • 25 % of world tonnage under EU flag +

  • 40+ % of world fleet controlled by EU shipping companies

  • 3.5 billion tonnes of cargo + 400 million passengers through EU ports per year

  • 350.000 jobs in ports + related services


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Priorities - the EU perspective

  • improving maritime safety

  • promotion of high-quality standards

    => Following a series of accident measures have been adopted to:

    • eliminate substandard shipping

    • increase the protection of crews and passengers

    • reduce environmental pollution

    • ensure that good operators are not facing commercial disadvantage

    • promote international competitiveness of EU shipping

    • improve EU transport efficiency

    • full & harmonised implementation of International Conventions within the European Union


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Prospects - the EU perspective

  • General developments

  • society wants more “goods”, so i.e. more (unseen) transport

  • society continues to be less willing to accept accidents and (even more so) pollution

  • while preventive measures is the key, accidents will unavoidably trigger more regulation (last “triggering” major accident (Prestige) was 7 years ago)


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3 - the EU perspectiverd Maritime Safety Package

  • Published in the Official Journal of the EU on 28 May 2009

  • To find this:

    • http://eur-lex.europa.eu/

      JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:131:SOM:EN:HTML

      or

    • http://eur-lex.europa.eu

    • choose a language

    • go to: Official Journal

    • type in: 2009 + L + 131


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3 - the EU perspectiverd Maritime Safety Package

  • Flag State responsibilities

  • Classification societies

  • Port State control

  • Vessel traffic monitoring

  • Accident investigation

  • Liability and compensation for damage of passengers

  • Insurance of shipowners for maritime claims


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Flag State-I - the EU perspective

  • missing link in EU legislation

  • EU MS to control that ships flying their flags effectively respect IMO standards

  • mandatory audit plan of national maritime administrations

  • certification of maritime administrations quality management systems


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Flag State-II - the EU perspective

  • firm commitment of EU MS to ratify safety and liability conventions

  • apply the IMO audit scheme (VIMSAS) and Code of mandatory instruments

  • ensure VIMSAS and Code are made mandatory at international level

  • all EU MS flags on the Paris MoU PSC white list by 2012 at the latest


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Classification societies-I - the EU perspective

  • classification societies are fundamental for maritime safety. Better performance means less room for sub-standard shipping

  • radical improvement in the quality of the work undertaken by classification societies

  • independent quality control regime by a specialised body


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Classification societies-II - the EU perspective

  • mutual recognition of classification certificates where appropriate and safe

  • transparency and cooperation obligations

  • new system of financial penalties for preventing under-performance


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Port State Control - the EU perspective

  • more stringent regime for substandard vessels (frequency of inspections, banning)

  • new inspection regime with a full EU inspections coverage (25 % => 100 %)

  • risk-based frequency of the inspection (most dangerous ships => every 6 months)

  • ships not fulfilling the rules will be banned

  • blacklist of companies


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Vessel Traffic Monitoring - the EU perspective

  • Places of Refuge:

    • legal framework

    • independent decision making

    • tools for decision making

  • SafeSeaNet: EU-wide electronic system for maritime data exchange

  • AIS: mandatory for fishing vessels


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Accident investigation - the EU perspective

  • investigation after each very serious casualties where EU interest are affected

  • in line with IMO Code

  • independent, professional bodies

  • common methodology

  • technical support by EMSA

  • cooperation between investigating bodies


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Compensation of - the EU perspectivepassengers

  • Athens Convention of 2002 in EU legislation

    • modernised carrier liability rules

    • mandatory insurance system

    • satisfactory compensation ceiling

  • applies to

    • all passengers who have purchased their tickets in Europe

    • all EU flagged ships

    • all voyages to/from EU MS


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Maritime insurance - the EU perspective

  • compulsory insurance for all ships in EU

  • cover ceilings as in the LLMC-1996

  • proof of insurance

  • insurance certificate to be verified by PSC

  • no certificate: penalties, e.g. ship may be detained or even expelled


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Conclusions - the EU perspective

  • Maritime transport is important for the EU

  • Society will demand more safety and environment protection from shipping

  • Shipping will have to deliver this, also in hard times

  • The 3rd Maritime Safety Package is the new milestone in this continued progress


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Б - the EU perspectiveольшое спасибо

(bal’shoye spasiba)


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