Conciliatory Gestures Make Transgressors Seem More Agreeable. Mike McCullough Ben Tabak University of Miami Coral Gables, FL. Reconciliation: Friendly Post-Conflict Contact. Aureli & de Waal, 2000.
University of Miami
Coral Gables, FL
Aureli & de Waal, 2000
Near-universal (93%) presence of forgiveness and/or reconciliation in a random sample of 60 human societies (McCullough, 2008)Forgiveness and Reconciliation:Cross-Cultural Universals?
“I recently asked a world-renowned American psychologist, who specializes
in human aggression, what he knew about reconciliation. Not only did he have no
Information on the subject, but he looked at me as if the word were new to him” (De
Waal,1989, p. 233)
A “Catalogue” of Human Conciliatory Gestures who specializes
Conciliatory Gestures (O) who specializes
Judgments of Value, Safety, &
Subscale 1: Avoidance Motivation (7 items)
“I keep as much distance between us as possible.”
“I avoid him/her.”
Subscale 2: Revenge Motivation (5 items)
“I’ll make him/her pay.”
“I want to see him/her hurt and miserable.”
Subscale 3: Benevolence Motivation (6 items)
“I want us to bury the hatchet.”
“I want us to have a positive relationship again.”
Scale alphas > .85. Scale scores range from 1-5. We use a Rasch-derived measure that combines all 18 items. 0 = lowest theoretical value, 10 = one logit of difficulty.
Transgressor Agreeableness may Mediate the Conciliation-Forgiveness Association
Measuring Reconciliation “Behavior” Conciliation-Forgiveness Association
.32* Conciliation-Forgiveness Association
Transgressor Agreeableness may Mediate the Conciliatory Gestures-Forgiveness Association
Sobel test statistic = -2.23, p < .05.
*p < .05
San Francisco, Jossey-Bass (March, 2008)