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British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain tried to stave off war for as long as possible  Munich Agreement. Hitler took advantage of his wilty nature. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain tried to stave off war for as long as possible  Munich Agreement. Hitler took advantage of his wilty nature. In 1939, Britain declared war on Hitler’s Nazi Germany. Winston Churchill replaces Chamberlain as PM of Britain.

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British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain tried to stave off war for as long as possible  Munich Agreement. Hitler took advantage of his wilty nature.

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British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain tried to stave off war for as long as possible  Munich Agreement.

Hitler took advantage of his wilty nature.

In 1939, Britain declared war on Hitler’s Nazi Germany.

Winston Churchill replaces Chamberlain as PM of Britain.


King George VI and Queen Elizabeth visit Canada to try and raise support for Britain.

King George VI

PM King


Canada is an independent country. When Germany invades Poland, France and Britain delcare war. Canada waits a week, then declares war as well.

Mackenzie King, a Liberal promises:NO CONSCRPITION.


TAKING SIDES:Axis:Germany +Nazi territoryItalyJapan


TAKING SIDES:Allies:Britain+ CommonwealthFranceUSA (1941)Russia (1941)


Neutral (?):Spain (Axis)- dictator: FrancoPortugal (Axis)- dictator: SalazarTurkey (Axis,until 1945)Belgium (Allies)


BLITZKREIGmeans “lightning war”Hitler’s strategy.

Tanks & Planes lead the chargeHighly effective:Beat France in less than a year.


DUNKIRK:All of the BEF and remaining French army are pinned on the French coast. Every British ship sails across the British channel – from navy ships to fishing boats – as German airplanes bomb them.

Rescue 340 000 soldiers. Germans capture their guns, trucks and ammo, but allies have propaganda victory.


France surrenders.Hitler has conquered all of Europe, except Britain and neutral countries, by 1940.


Germany begins to bomb Britain.23 000 civilians die.Britain wins.


BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PROGRAMKing agrees that Canada will train British pilots.130 000 are trained.

King hoped that this would be the extent of Canada’s role in the war.


Children were evacuated from big cities, esp. London.Some are shipped to Canada.Germany U-Boats sunk the Volendam carrying 320 kids to Canada.All were rescued.


The City of Benares wasn’t so lucky.It carried 90 children on its way to Canada.It was sunk. 77 of the 90 children were killed.Afterwards, no more children were shipped to Canada.


Before the war, Hitler had signed a peace agreement with Stalin in Russia.

Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact


1941-1942Hitler tries to invade Russia.Russian army is surprised.

Captured Russians


Stalin orders a retreat.Russian troops burn everything while fleeing.Russian winter kicks in.Nazis starve / freeze to death.


PACIFIC THEATRE:Also in 1941:Japan bombs Pearl Harbor.


PACIFIC THEATREAlso in 1941:One day after Pearl Harbor,Japanese take Hong Kong. 554 Canadians are killed.Rest are PoWsfor 3.5 years…


  • BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC

  • Longest battle of WWII (1939-1945)

  • RCN accompanies merchant ships carrying vital supplies to Britain.

  • Merchant ships are unarmed, travel in convoys with corvettes.


  • ITALY INVASION

  • Cdns. Invade Sicily. Win in 2 weeks.

  • Capture Ortona, but the price is 1372 soldiers.


  • D-DAY (1944)

  • Allies launch an invasion of Europe at Normandy, France.

  • Cdns. Take Juno Beach with navy and air support.

  • Attack was secret… leads to victory in Europe.


  • CANADIANS NEED MORE SOLDIERS1942 Conscription Crisis

  • Conservatives pressure King to have a plebiscite on the issue of conscription.

  • Bourassa leads 73% of Quebecois in opposition to conscription.

  • 83% of English Canadians favour conscription.

  • KING: “Conscription if necessary, but not necessarily conscription.

  • In 1944, conscription is introduced.


  • FINAL VICTORY

  • Russia and US push Hitler’s army back.

  • Hitler kills himself.

  • The Holocaust is discovered.

  • Japan keeps fighting.

THE BOMB


AFTERMATH

Germans responsible for the Holocaust are tried and either executed or sent to prison at Nuremberg Trials.Despite all this evidence:The Holocaust is stilldenied today by someracists & neo-Nazis.


AFTERMATH

Americans were responsible for the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Nagasaki bomb


AFTERMATH

Canadians had imprisoned Japanese-Canadians and took and sold their property.


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