Goat Health and Care. Small Scale Goat Dairying Central Point, OR April 5, 2008 Charles Estill, OSU Extension Veterinarian. Buy from reputable breeders. Know the health status of the animals you are purchasing. Maintain a closed herd. Limit showing/ exhibiting.
Goat Health and Care
Small Scale Goat Dairying
Central Point, OR
April 5, 2008
Charles Estill, OSU Extension Veterinarian
Buy from reputable breeders.
Know the health status of the animals you are purchasing.
Maintain a closed herd.
Limit showing/ exhibiting.
Isolate new animals for at least 30 days.
Don’t loan or share or bucks.*
Don’t breed does for other producers.*
Do not mix your animals with other people’s animals.*
Don’t share equipment unless it is disinfected after each use.
Limit access to your farm/animals.
Control cat, dog, bird, and rodent populations.
*Unless the other farm/animals have equal health status.
Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis
Floppy Kid Syndrome
Mastitis caused by Staph. aureus or Pasteurella
Up to 80% die
Udder is initially red and hot then turns blue and cold
Milk is watery, brown
May slough ½ of udder
Usually external abscesses in skin or lymph nodes.
Pus in external abscess is initially pale green.
Usually affects animals > 6 months of age.
Lives in soil for >1year
Caused by Corynbacterium (Actinomyces) pseudotuberculosis
Zoonotic potential - ???
Identify and cull affected animals
Avoid skin injuries
Practice good hygiene.
Purchase from CLA-free flocks/herds.
Vaccination can reduce severity of disease.
Do not vaccinate naïve herds
Caused by bacteria Corynbacterium pseudotuberculosis
Only 25% will ever show signs (38-81% positive)
Joint swelling/arthritis in goats >6 mo.
Encephalitis in 2-4 mo. kids
Pneumonia and mastitis in adults
CAE virus is primarily transmitted to kids through colostrum and milk.
Contact transmission is rare, but possible.
Diagnosis- blood test after 6 months of age
No treatment or vaccine is available.
Cattle, sheep, and goat strains
Young animals most susceptible
Only 5% show signs within a herd at a given time
No signs until 2-7 years old
Animals w/o signs are still a source of infection
Chronic weight loss
Precipitated by stress
Profuse, watery diarrhea in terminal stages
Caused by bacteria Mycobacterium anium spp. paratuberculosis
Ohio State University
Difficult to diagnose
Fecal culture (40-60%)
Blood test-good when clinical signs present
Difficult to control.
Maintain a closed flock/herd
Cull offspring of infected animals
Be careful with cow colostrum
Theoretical link to Crohn’s disease in people.
Ohio State Univ.
Affects kids between 3 and 10 days of age (normal at birth)
Most common late in kidding season.
Causes muscle weakness, ataxia.
Cause unknown, but suspected to be gastro-intestinal, a metabolic acidosis.
Treat with sodium bicarbonate and supportive therapy.