Goat Health and Care. Small Scale Goat Dairying Central Point, OR April 5, 2008 Charles Estill, OSU Extension Veterinarian. Buy from reputable breeders. Know the health status of the animals you are purchasing. Maintain a closed herd. Limit showing/ exhibiting.
Small Scale Goat Dairying
Central Point, OR
April 5, 2008
Charles Estill, OSU Extension Veterinarian
Know the health status of the animals you are purchasing.
Maintain a closed herd.
Limit showing/ exhibiting.
Isolate new animals for at least 30 days.BiosecuritySecurity from transmission of infectious diseases, parasites, and pests
Don’t breed does for other producers.*
Do not mix your animals with other people’s animals.*
Don’t share equipment unless it is disinfected after each use.
Limit access to your farm/animals.
Control cat, dog, bird, and rodent populations.BiosecurityReduce transmission of infectious diseases, parasites, and pests
*Unless the other farm/animals have equal health status.
Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis
Floppy Kid Syndrome
Johne’s DiseaseHealth problems of goats
Mastitis caused by Staph. aureus or Pasteurella
Up to 80% die
Udder is initially red and hot then turns blue and cold
Milk is watery, brown
May slough ½ of udderBlue bag
Pus in external abscess is initially pale green.
Usually affects animals > 6 months of age.
Lives in soil for >1yearCaseous lymphadenitis (CL or CLA)cheesy gland, boils, abscesses
Caused by Corynbacterium (Actinomyces) pseudotuberculosis
Zoonotic potential - ???
Identify and cull affected animals
Avoid skin injuries
Practice good hygiene.
Purchase from CLA-free flocks/herds.
Vaccination can reduce severity of disease.
Do not vaccinate naïve herdsCaseous lymphadenitis (CL or CLA)cheesy gland, abscesses, boils
Caused by bacteria Corynbacterium pseudotuberculosis
Only 25% will ever show signs (38-81% positive)
Joint swelling/arthritis in goats >6 mo.
Encephalitis in 2-4 mo. kids
Pneumonia and mastitis in adultsCaprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE)
Contact transmission is rare, but possible.
Diagnosis- blood test after 6 months of age
No treatment or vaccine is available.Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE)
Cattle, sheep, and goat strains and milk.
Young animals most susceptible
Only 5% show signs within a herd at a given time
No signs until 2-7 years old
Animals w/o signs are still a source of infection
Chronic weight loss
Precipitated by stress
Profuse, watery diarrhea in terminal stagesJohne’s Disease paratuberculosis
Caused by bacteria Mycobacterium anium spp. paratuberculosis
Ohio State University
Difficult to diagnose and milk.
Fecal culture (40-60%)
Blood test-good when clinical signs present
Difficult to control.
Maintain a closed flock/herd
Cull offspring of infected animals
Be careful with cow colostrum
Theoretical link to Crohn’s disease in people.Johne’s Disease
Ohio State Univ.
Affects kids between 3 and 10 days of age and milk.(normal at birth)
Most common late in kidding season.
Causes muscle weakness, ataxia.
Cause unknown, but suspected to be gastro-intestinal, a metabolic acidosis.
Treat with sodium bicarbonate and supportive therapy.Floppy kid syndromeFirst documented in 1987
Questions???? and milk.