East Asia and the Pacific Justin Yap Melissa Johns September 26, 2007 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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East Asia and the Pacific Justin Yap Melissa Johns September 26, 2007. Doing Business indicators. 2007. 2008. 2009. Starting a business Dealing with licenses Employing workers Registering property Enforcing contracts Getting credit Trading across borders Protecting investors

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East asia and the pacific justin yap melissa johns september 26 2007 l.jpg

East Asia and the PacificJustin YapMelissa JohnsSeptember 26, 2007


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Doing Business indicators

2007

2008

2009

  • Starting a business

  • Dealing with licenses

  • Employing workers

  • Registering property

  • Enforcing contracts

  • Getting credit

  • Trading across borders

  • Protecting investors

  • Paying taxes

  • Closing a business

  • Update of 2007

  • Add 3 countries

  • Reformer’s Club:

    • 11 case studies

  • Add Not paying bribes

  • Add Using infrastructure

  • Research program on regulations and business opportunities for women


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Ease of Doing Business:The Top 30

  • Singapore

  • New Zealand

  • United States

  • Hong Kong, China

  • Denmark

  • United Kingdom

  • Canada

  • Ireland

  • Australia

  • Iceland

  • Norway

  • Japan

  • Finland

  • Sweden

  • Thailand

  • Switzerland

  • Estonia

  • Georgia

  • Belgium

  • Germany

  • Netherlands

  • Latvia

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Malaysia

  • Austria

  • Lithuania

  • Mauritius

  • Puerto Rico

  • Israel

  • Korea


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Top Reformer in 2006/2007: Egypt

Egypt reformed in 5 of 10 Doing Business indicators


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Top Reformers in 2006/2007


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Benchmarking:What gets measured gets done

  • Simpler business entry in Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Jordan, Lao PDR, Madagascar, Peru, Serbia, Syria, Timor-Leste, Yemen

  • Faster court enforcement in Jordan, Serbia, Poland, Tonga

  • Fewer licenses and approvals required in Poland, Niger, Netherlands

  • Improved investor protections in Mexico

  • Credit information improvements in Afghanistan, Chengdu (China). Georgia, Indonesia, Panama, Vietnam


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ECA reformed the most—whileEAP is second to last

Countries with at least one positive reform in 2006/2007


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Eastern Europe surpasses East Asia in ease of doing business

Average rank on the ease of Doing Business (out of 178 economies)


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Business entry reforms =more businesses

Business density

(registered firms per capita)

Business entry

(new firms in % of registered firms)

Easiest

Most difficult

Easiest

Most difficult

Countries ranked by ease of doing business, quintiles

Source: Doing Business database


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More Reforms →Higher Equity Returns

3-year shareholder returns

Egypt

Colombia

Brazil

Poland

India

Sri Lanka

Venezuela

Number of reforms, 2003-2006


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…and more women entrepreneurs

Female Entrepreneurs

(% of entrepreneurs)

Most difficult

Easiest

Countries ranked by ease of doing business, quintiles

Source: Doing Business database, ILO


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East Asia’s Ranking

Singapore1

Hong Kong, China4

Japan12

Thailand15

Malaysia24

Taiwan, China50

Mongolia52

Brunei78

China83

Vietnam91

Indonesia123

Philippines133

Cambodia145

Lao PDR164


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Pacific Region Rankings

Australia9

Fiji36

Tonga47

Samoa61

Vanuatu62

Kiribati73

Solomon Islands79

Palau82

Papua New Guinea84

Marshall Islands89

Micronesia112

Timor-Leste168


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Regional Reformers


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Cost to Start a Business(% income per capita)


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EAP: Best region for ease of hiring

Ease of Hiring Workers (0 = most flexible)

Employing Workers Top 10

1.United States

2.Singapore

3.Marshall Islands

4.Georgia

5.Brunei (new)

6.Tonga

7.Maldives

8.Australia

9.Palau

10.Denmark (new)


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East Asia and Pacific: Taxes are low

Total Tax Rate by Region


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Tax Rates of Individual EAP Countries


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Recovery rates vary across East Asia and the Pacific


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