East asia and the pacific justin yap melissa johns september 26 2007
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East Asia and the Pacific Justin Yap Melissa Johns September 26, 2007. Doing Business indicators. 2007. 2008. 2009. Starting a business Dealing with licenses Employing workers Registering property Enforcing contracts Getting credit Trading across borders Protecting investors

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East Asia and the PacificJustin YapMelissa JohnsSeptember 26, 2007


Doing Business indicators

2007

2008

2009

  • Starting a business

  • Dealing with licenses

  • Employing workers

  • Registering property

  • Enforcing contracts

  • Getting credit

  • Trading across borders

  • Protecting investors

  • Paying taxes

  • Closing a business

  • Update of 2007

  • Add 3 countries

  • Reformer’s Club:

    • 11 case studies

  • Add Not paying bribes

  • Add Using infrastructure

  • Research program on regulations and business opportunities for women


Ease of Doing Business:The Top 30

  • Singapore

  • New Zealand

  • United States

  • Hong Kong, China

  • Denmark

  • United Kingdom

  • Canada

  • Ireland

  • Australia

  • Iceland

  • Norway

  • Japan

  • Finland

  • Sweden

  • Thailand

  • Switzerland

  • Estonia

  • Georgia

  • Belgium

  • Germany

  • Netherlands

  • Latvia

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Malaysia

  • Austria

  • Lithuania

  • Mauritius

  • Puerto Rico

  • Israel

  • Korea


Top Reformer in 2006/2007: Egypt

Egypt reformed in 5 of 10 Doing Business indicators


Top Reformers in 2006/2007


Benchmarking:What gets measured gets done

  • Simpler business entry in Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Jordan, Lao PDR, Madagascar, Peru, Serbia, Syria, Timor-Leste, Yemen

  • Faster court enforcement in Jordan, Serbia, Poland, Tonga

  • Fewer licenses and approvals required in Poland, Niger, Netherlands

  • Improved investor protections in Mexico

  • Credit information improvements in Afghanistan, Chengdu (China). Georgia, Indonesia, Panama, Vietnam


ECA reformed the most—whileEAP is second to last

Countries with at least one positive reform in 2006/2007


Eastern Europe surpasses East Asia in ease of doing business

Average rank on the ease of Doing Business (out of 178 economies)


Business entry reforms =more businesses

Business density

(registered firms per capita)

Business entry

(new firms in % of registered firms)

Easiest

Most difficult

Easiest

Most difficult

Countries ranked by ease of doing business, quintiles

Source: Doing Business database


More Reforms →Higher Equity Returns

3-year shareholder returns

Egypt

Colombia

Brazil

Poland

India

Sri Lanka

Venezuela

Number of reforms, 2003-2006


…and more women entrepreneurs

Female Entrepreneurs

(% of entrepreneurs)

Most difficult

Easiest

Countries ranked by ease of doing business, quintiles

Source: Doing Business database, ILO


East Asia’s Ranking

Singapore1

Hong Kong, China4

Japan12

Thailand15

Malaysia24

Taiwan, China50

Mongolia52

Brunei78

China83

Vietnam91

Indonesia123

Philippines133

Cambodia145

Lao PDR164


Pacific Region Rankings

Australia9

Fiji36

Tonga47

Samoa61

Vanuatu62

Kiribati73

Solomon Islands79

Palau82

Papua New Guinea84

Marshall Islands89

Micronesia112

Timor-Leste168


Regional Reformers


Cost to Start a Business(% income per capita)


EAP: Best region for ease of hiring

Ease of Hiring Workers (0 = most flexible)

Employing Workers Top 10

1.United States

2.Singapore

3.Marshall Islands

4.Georgia

5.Brunei (new)

6.Tonga

7.Maldives

8.Australia

9.Palau

10.Denmark (new)


East Asia and Pacific: Taxes are low

Total Tax Rate by Region


Tax Rates of Individual EAP Countries


Recovery rates vary across East Asia and the Pacific


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