Discussion on adoption of ca lev wednesday december 5 2007
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Discussion on Adoption of CA LEV Wednesday, December 5, 2007 Gregory Dana Consultant to The Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers Lead Time Issues Under the CAA, states must give manufacturers 2 years lead-time

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Discussion on Adoption of CA LEV Wednesday, December 5, 2007

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Discussion on Adoption of CA LEVWednesday, December 5, 2007

Gregory Dana

Consultant to

The Alliance of

Automobile Manufacturers


Lead Time Issues

  • Under the CAA, states must give manufacturers 2 years lead-time

    • This is based on a model year beginning January 2nd and ending the following December 31st

  • It takes about 3-4 years to design a new vehicle

  • It takes about 6-7 years to design a new engine and powertrain


ZEV Mandate

“Zero Emission Vehicle”

  • History:

    • 1990 California adopts ZEV mandate:

      • Calls for 10% of all new vehicles emit zero emissions.

      • CARB later acknowledges this was not economically feasible and dramatically scales back the program.

  • EPA said in a rulemaking on January 25, 1995 that the ZEV mandate was separable from the LEV program

    • “a LEV program….need not include the ZEV sales requirement.”

  • ME did not adopt the ZEV mandate initially, but did so later

  • WA does not have the ZEV mandate


ZEV Mandate

  • Today:

    • ZEV mandate focuses on fuel cell vehicles (which cost $500K to $1M)

  • The most recent proposed changes again push battery electric cars, plug-in hybrids and fuel cell vehicles

  • The ZEV mandate will require costly new infrastructure requirements in the State

    • ie: fueling stations


PZEV Requirements

“Partial Zero Emission Vehicle”

  • A PZEV is a vehicle that meets the SULEV (“super ultra low emission vehicle”) standards and has a 15 yr/150,000 mile warranty

  • SULEV:

    • 0.010 HC, 1.0 CO, and 0.02 NOx

    • These standards are 120, 000 mile standards


Recalls and Warranties

  • Any CARB recall applies to all CA certified vehicles in any state

  • “Super warranty” applies to the 15yr/150K mile warranty that PZEVs have to meet

    • These warranties are expensive for the manufacturer

    • The aftermarket service industry feels these provisions take business away from them


Car and Light Truck Statistics

  • In FL, 51% of the new vehicle fleet is cars, 49% is light trucks

  • Of the light trucks, the breakdown is:

    • 56% SUVs

    • 12% Minivans

    • 28% Pick-up trucks

    • 4% Vans


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