Development of organic production in Sweden
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Development of organic production in Sweden Dirk van der Krogt Business development co-ordinator at the Swedish Ecological Farmers Association Ekologiska Lantbrukarna [email protected] Swedish Ecological Farmers Association Our members: around 1700 farms

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Development of organic production in Sweden

Dirk van der Krogt

Business development co-ordinator at

the Swedish Ecological Farmers Association

Ekologiska Lantbrukarna

[email protected]


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Swedish Ecological Farmers Association

Our members: around 1700 farms

Certified production (KRAV): around 3000 farms

Total organic farming (support): around 15000-17000 farms


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Total land: 41 million ha

Agricultural land: 2,8 million ha

Organic agricultural

land: 0,5 million ha (16-17%)

Certified organic agricultural

land: 0,2 million ha (7-8%)


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Total organic production in Sweden 2006:

Grain: 50 000 ha

Oilseed crops: 3 400 ha

Leguminous plants: 6 700 ha

Fiber plants: 30 ha

Vegetables and herbes: 560 ha

Potatoes: 700 ha

Fruit & berries: 290 ha

Greenhouse: 9,5 ha

Sugarbeets: 8 ha

Milk: 165 million kg (24 000 cows)

Beef: 12 000 cattle slaughtered

Pork: 20 000 pigs slaughtered

Lamb: 10 000 lamb slaughtered

Eggs: 6 million kg (360 000 hens)

Table chicken: 100 000 chickens slaughtered

Milk goats: 300


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Market value 2007:

around 480 million Euros: sales of organic food and agricultural products

which is around 3% av total food sales


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  • Market growth rate:

  • 25% yearly growth on average since 1996

  • Growth 2005: 8-10%

  • Growth 2006: 10-15%

  • Growth 2007: 20-25%

  • Reasons for growth during 2007:

  • General environmental debate

  • More conscious consumption

  • Sales rose through all market channels

  • Public kitchen consumption

Good for the environment

Good for animals

Good for yourself


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  • National / governmental / political goals:

  • 25 % of public kitchens food

  • should be organic in 2010

  • (2006: 6%, right now probably around 8-10%)

  • 20 % of all agricultural land should

  • be certified organic in 2010

  • (right now 8-10% cert, 16-17% total organic)


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  • Top league organic public kitchens:

  • 2006

  • Ale municipality: 19 %

  • Bromma municipality: 18%

  • Uppsala hospital: 18%

  • Södertälje municipality:17%

  • Ludvika municipality: 15%

  • Succes factors:

  • Change menus - Enthusiasts

  • Important with local municipality goals

  • (not necessarily higher budget)


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  • Organic farming policy:

  • Total budget

  • Agri-environmental premium/organic support: 60 million Euros

  • Linked to livestock production.

  • More linked to certified production (otherwise only 75%-50% support)

  • Plus, 5 million Euros on Research, Field experiments, Food strategy, etc.


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For example:

Farm with 100 milk cows

180 Euros per organic cow

Total governmental organic support:

18 000 Euros


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  • Organic farming policy:

  • Positive:

  • no exceptional high support, but rather stable policy, which results in farmers confidence

  • positive psychological signals fro policy makers

  • Negative:

  • No longer support for grass/clover on arable land production (which is a crucial part of organic production in Sweden; nitrogen fixation)


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Other important factors:

Open attititude between organic and conventional farmers

Cooperation between general national Federation of Farmers and Association of Organic Farmers


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Market share per product category 2006:

Dairy: 34,4%

Other: 14,9%

Meat: 7,7%

Coffee, Tea, chocolate: 7,1%

Colonial products: 6,0%

Eggs: 5,8%

Bread and cereal products: 5,5%

Drinks: 5,4%

Fruit: 4,4%

Frozen: 3,6%

Vegetables: 3%

Oils and fetts; 2,0%

Source: KRAV


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Percentage organic of all milk:

Organic Milk:

Total organic milk volume (2007 + 13%)



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Main players organic dairy:

Arla Foods

Milko

Skånemejerier

Falköpings mejeri

Gefleortens Mejeriförening

Norrmejerier

Smaller players: Järna Mejeri, Rösta Mejeri, Väddö gårdsmejeri, Pipers Glace osv.

Organic price premium:

Arla Foods: 9,75 Eurocents

(25% price premium)

Norrmejerier: 13,98 Eurocents

(+36% price premium)


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Fruit & Vegetables

Vegetables and herbes: 560 ha

Potatoes: 700 ha

Fruit & berries: 290 ha

Greenhouse: 9,5 ha

Sugarbeets: 8 ha

8% of all carrots are organic, 2-3% of all apples, 2-3% of all strawberries, 4% of all onions, 15-20% of black currants

Fastest growing product category: +20-30% yearly

Sales mainly through retail, but also box schemes, market places etc.


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Meat:

Swedish Meats / Scan AB largest player

Drygt 18 000 pigs (95% market share)

Ca 8-12 000 cattle (60-80% market share)

Ca 7-8 000 lamb (70% of slaughtering, 20% of sales)

Many succesful local organic meat concepts:

Gröna gårdar (320 cattle/year, 2006), Kaprifolkött (700 cattle/year, 2006), Bonnakött (400–500 lamb/year och 120 cattle/year, 2006), Gröna Hagars (70 cattle/år), Ostgotha (100 cattle/year), Järna Odlarring (100 cattle/year), Rheum-gruppen (400–500 lamb/year) och Gröna lammet (1600–1700 lamb/year), KC Ranch (450 cattle/year)

Growth +25-35%


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Organic price premiums:

Cattle: 15%

Pigs: more than 100%

Lamb: 10%


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  • Organic egg production:

  • 100 producers

  • 360 000 laying hens

  • Farm size: 1000 – 10 000/20 000 laying hens

  • Three main players: Svenska Lantägg, Stjärnägg, Kronägg

  • Only one organic table chicken producer: Bosarp kyckling

  • Allmost all organic eggs are sold through supermarkets.

Growth + 5-10%

Price premium: 75-100%


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Grains:

Grain: 50 000 ha

Oilseed crops: 3 400 ha

Leguminous plants: 6 700 ha

Fiber plants: 30 ha

Total grain production 115 000 -150 000 tons

41% feed for milk cows

10% feed for chickens

9,5% feed for cattle

7 % feed for pigs

0,5% feed for lambs

22% exports

10% for food

Organic price premium: 40-110%

Around 80% of all grain feed is grown at animal farms


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  • To sum up:

  • The Swedish Organic Market is growing very rapidly, through all market channels

  • Organic production is growing but it is hard to catch up with the very fast market growth, shortage on some products, for example milk, pigs, eggs.

  • For the future:

  • Organic production will expand further.

  • Very strong consumer demand.

  • Keep an eye on price premiums



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