Africa asia dialogue reflective meeting
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 43

Africa- Asia Dialogue Reflective Meeting PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Africa- Asia Dialogue Reflective Meeting. Malawi Presentation. An investigation into the relationship between selected donor educational inputs and rates of achievement at the basic educational level in the South West Educational Division in Malawi. A Reserch proposal By Demis Kunje

Download Presentation

Africa- Asia Dialogue Reflective Meeting

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Africa- Asia Dialogue Reflective Meeting

Malawi Presentation

An investigation into the relationship between selected donor educational inputs and rates of achievement at the basic educational level in the South West Educational Division in Malawi

A Reserch proposal


Demis Kunje

Dorothy Khonje

Nellie Mbano

Outline of presentation

  • Introduction

  • Methodology

  • Progress so far

  • Pilot work

  • Cooperation with Kobe University

  • Challenges

  • Plan


  • Background

  • Statement of the problem

  • Research questions

  • Significance of the study

  • Limitations




GDP per capita

MK10, 500.00

Literacy rate


Literacy rate male


Literacy rate female


Infant mortality rate (per 1000 children)


Maternal mortality rate (per 100000 live births)


Under 5mortality rate (per1000 live births


% Children under weight


Fertility rate


Life expectancy


Basic Education

Number of teachers


Pupil to qualified teacher ratio


Dropout rate


Repetition rate


Female enrollment


Pupil to specialist teacher ratio (visually impaired)


Number of Adults enrolled in ALC


Basic education

  • Expand concept of Basic Education

  • Decentralisation

  • Increase Basic Education Budget

  • Reduce Drop out and Repetition Rates

  • Increase Community Participation

  • Reform Assessment System

    Improve Special Needs Education

Free Primary Education 1994+

  • More children are in school following the introduction of Free Primary Education (FPE) in 1994. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) is 132% (2004). Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) of the 6-13 year olds is, however, below 80%, but much higher than before FPE.

  • Disparities in enrolment rates between regions, districts and income groups have narrowed since introducing FPE.

  • FPE has made education popular amongst all stakeholders, the communities, CSOs, development partners, parents and Government. There is collective commitment

  • Gender disparities in enrolment rates at primary level have narrowed since introducing FPE. Up to 1990s boys’ NERs were much higher than those of girls. Now the NERs for boys and girls are almost the same.


  • High drop out rates (12%)

  • High repetition rate (15%)

  • Low completion rate (30%)

  • In adequate teaching and learning materials

  • Poor learning environment (Some classes still being held under trees, inadequate furniture inadequate water and sanitary facilities

  • High pupil-class ratio (70:1)

  • High Qualified-pupil ratio (72:1)

Challenges (contd)

  • The impact of HIV/AIDS

  • Very high absenteeism

  • Limited access and facilities to persons with disabilities

  • Mobilisation of Funding for the sectors programmes

Statement of the problem

  • Basic education is seen as a necessary condition for development. In addition, it is seen as a right for every child. In Malawi the introduction of free primary education in 1994 resulted in increased enrollments without accompanying improvements in quality. The issue of quality is being addressed in a piecemeal way, in trickles and in an uncoordinated manner. Thus it is not known which inputs or combinations of inputs have impact on the quality of education

Research Questions

  • What are the relationships between inputs namely infrastructure, in-service, school feeding, teaching and learning materials, community sensitization and advisory services on the one hand and the quality of basic education in terms of levels of pupil achievement on the other hand?

  • What combinations of inputs are associated with pupil achievement in mathematics, Chichewa and English in std 5 and std 7?

Research questions cont.

  • How are the donor - sponsored inputs in schools utilized to improve the quality of basic education?

Significance of the study

  • Understand relationships

  • Show appropriateness

  • Indicate Minimum levels of resources

  • Describe usage and management

  • Complement other studies

Limitations of the study

  • Inputs may age

  • Limitations in collecting information

  • Limited sample

  • Limited time

Some research findings

  • SACMEQinvestigated pupil, teacher and school factors and how they related to the achievement of minimum levels of literacy and numeracy. The main findings were that the majority of the pupils in Malawi primary schools are performing below minimum and desirable levels of reading and mathematical skills

Some research findings

  • A similar study by MIE(2005) in 12 districts shows that learner achievement in four subjects at the primary school level was below expected levels and that less than 10% of the learners were adequately prepared for the next higher class they were to move into.

Some research findings

  • NIPDEP(2003) showed that there were slight increases in performance in mathematics and English after JICA introduced some interventions such as infrastructure, teacher in – service and teacher support in schools

Some research findings

  • PLAN(2005) report of some increases in the percentages of pupils gaining mastery in Chichewa after teachers in two districts had undergone some specific training


  • This shows that there is some hope that achievement can be influenced in some ways and this provides a basis for further enquiry into what best represents positive influences on achievement in the Malawian context.


  • Quantitative

    -Using existing Raw Data e.g SACMEQ

    -Collect data on educational inputs and achievement

  • Qualitative

    Study utilisation of resources and inputs in schools


Rural(160 schools)


Donor supported

Urban(20 schools)


Donor supported

Phase 1: Relationship between inputs and achievement


  • School Profile

  • Achievement tests

  • Class 5 and 7

  • Mathematics, English and Chichewa

Data ananlysis

  • Descriptive statistics

  • Multi level analysis




Not successful



Not successful




Not successful



Not successful

Phase 2: How inputs are utilised



Community participation

Interviews and Focus group discussion


Interviews and Focus group discussion

Teaching and learning

Observations, Interviews and Focus group discussion

In-service training

Interviews with teachers

Use of resources

Observations, Interviews and Focus group discussion

Instruments and target participants


Data analysis

  • Themes

  • Triangulation

  • Activity profiles

Progress Report

  • Briefing Ministry of Education

  • Proposals to UNESCO and JICA

  • Seminars: MOE, Higher Education, School Community

  • Pilot Study

  • Refining Instruments

Class 5 Results

Class 5: Girls and boys

Class 5: Correlation

Class 5: by school

Class 7 results

Class 7: Girls and boys


Class7: by school


Cooperation with Kobe University

  • Revision of Proposal

  • Testing and revision of instruments

  • Collecting data

  • Analysis of existing raw data ( training)

  • Collection and data analysis

  • Planning for qualitative study


  • Funding


  • Collect data in South West Education Division

  • Analyse SACMEQ data

  • Do qualitative Study

  • Disseminate information to stakeholders

  • Login