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Mummification. Ancient Egyptians had one great wish: to live forever Believed in life after death Believed they would live in their tombs as they had on earth. Mummification. Ba = the soul Ba was represented by a bird with the human head Ka = invisible twin of the person

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mummification1
Ancient Egyptians had one great wish: to live forever

Believed in life after death

Believed they would live in their tombs as they had on earth

Mummification
ka and the ba egyptians believed every one had a ba and ka
Ba = the soul

Ba was represented by a bird with the human head

Ka = invisible twin of the person

When a person died their Ba and Ka were released from the body

Ka and the BaEgyptians believed every one had a BA and KA
early mummification
Early Mummification
  • A mummy is a corpse that has been dried out
  • Early Egyptians were mummified naturally
  • They were buried in the hot, dry sand
  • Later, burials became more elaborate
  • The dead were buried in pits
  • However, the bodies were exposed to dampness and bacteria
  • They decayed
embalming
Embalming
  • Embalm means to mummify
  • People had to learn to embalm
  • It took hundreds of years to perfect
  • Mummies have lasted for 1000 of years
step 1 in mummification
Step 1 in Mummification
  • It took 70 days
  • People were buried according to what they could afford
  • The first step was to remove the inner organs
  • The lungs, stomach, liver and intestines were stored in canopic jars
step 1 continued
Step 1 continued

Brain Removal

Heart

Was left in the body

Later was removed and replaced with a stone scarab

  • Removed through the nostrils with a large metal hook
  • Not seen as important
step 2
Step 2
  • The body was stuffed with small bundles of natron
  • Bundles were made of linen
step 3
Step 3

Body was dried with Natron

Mummy with Natron

  • The outside was covered with natron too
  • The chemical dried out the body the same way the sand had done
step 4
Step 4

After 40 days

Mummy Adorned

  • Natron packs were removed
  • Dried, shrunken body was sponged clean
  • Eye sockets were plugged with linen and closed
  • Nostrils were stuffed with beeswax
  • Arms were crossed and finger and toenails were capped with gold
  • Embalming cut was sewn together
  • Mummy was adorned with jewels of gold and precious stones
step 5
Step 5

Wrapped in

Mummy wrapped in linen

  • Bound in linen
  • Fingers, toes and arms were bound individually
  • Every few layers were glued with resin
  • After 20 layers, the body took on its normal size
step 6
Step 6

Amulets were:

Egyptian Amulets

  • Magical amulets were tucked inside the mummy’s wrappings
  • The bound head was covered with a portrait mask
  • The mask too was bound
  • The whole package was wrapped in a shroud and given a final coat of resin
step 7
Step 7

Burial Coffins

Elaborate coffin

  • Made a coffin or sometimes a nest of coffins for the mummy
  • Painted inside and out with gods. Goddesses and magic spells for protection
step 8
Step 8

Procession

Egyptian Funeral Procession

  • The mummy rested on an elaborate sled
  • Another sled carried the canopic jars
  • Mourners were paid to weep
step 9
Step 9

Opening of the Mouth

Opening of the Mouth

  • The mummy’s mouth was not actually opened
  • It was magically given the ability to speak
step 10
Step 10

Sarcophagus

Egyptian sarcophagus

  • The mummy was put into a sarcophagus
  • A sarcophagus was a stone coffin with a heavy lid
the legend of osiris
The Legend of Osiris

First Egyptian king

Anubis

Jackal headed god

Embalmed Osiris

  • Legendary king
  • First to be mummifed
  • When he died, he became a god
  • King of the Underwold
  • Prince of the dead
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