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Gothic Architecture . Presentation by: Meagan Dowedoff Cara Boerner. Image from: http://valetourism.net/tag/notre-dame/. History. Gothic Architecture is referred to as the “Architecture of Geometry” due to its heavy reliance on geometric properties, such as proportion and symmetry.

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Gothic architecture
Gothic Architecture

Presentation by:

Meagan Dowedoff

Cara Boerner

Image from: http://valetourism.net/tag/notre-dame/


History
History

  • Gothic Architecture is referred to as the “Architecture of Geometry” due to its heavy reliance on geometric properties, such as proportion and symmetry.

  • During the Gothic age architecture was the dominant form of art

  • It was first developed in France, c. 1140

  • “In architecture, Gothic art was at its most intellectual”


Major characteristics
Major Characteristics

  • Buildings, especially cathedrals within the Gothic design tend to have:

  • Symmetric floor plans

  • Flying buttresses

  • Vaulted ceilings

  • Gothic arches

  • Enormous stain glass windows

  • http://www.ehow.com/info_8668480_function-stained-glass-gothic-architecture.html


Floor plan
Floor Plan

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8a/Amiens_cathedral_floorplan.JPG


http://www.sacred-destinations.com/france/chartres-cathedral-photos/slides/Chartres_Planhttp://www.sacred-destinations.com/france/chartres-cathedral-photos/slides/Chartres_Plan

http://www.andrew-may.com/mm.htm


Flying buttresses
Flying Buttresseshttp://www.sacred-destinations.com/france/chartres-cathedral-photos/slides/Chartres_Plan

  • “A buttress is a support built against a wall to support or reinforce it.”

  • Originally in order to get the desired height the walls would have to be thick along the base of the walls, but more was wanted.

  • They desired more height and the ability to let light in through beautiful stain glass windows.

  • http://architecture.about.com/od/buildingparts/g/buttresses.htm



Flying buttresses1
Flying Buttresseshttp://physicsbuttresses.blogspot.ca/2008/12/physics-and-history-behind-buttresses.html

  • In order to do this, gothic architects invented flying buttresses.

  • These buttresses allowed the horizontal force of the roof to go down the buttresses, releasing the force and not causing the walls to buckle under the weight.

http://www.opendimension.org/blender_en/arch_pressure.php


Gothic arches
Gothic archeshttp://physicsbuttresses.blogspot.ca/2008/12/physics-and-history-behind-buttresses.html

  • The next few slides layout a proof of a property that is needed to produce the Gothic Arches.

  • http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_s6dJiNMUuWE/Sx3O3jiajoI/AAAAAAAACq4/XUamcHCi4X8/s400/t467_GothicArches.jpg


Construction of an arbelos
Construction of an http://physicsbuttresses.blogspot.ca/2008/12/physics-and-history-behind-buttresses.htmlArbelos


An interesting feature of arbelos
An interesting feature of http://physicsbuttresses.blogspot.ca/2008/12/physics-and-history-behind-buttresses.htmlarbelos’


Archimedes and his propositions
Archimedes and his propositionshttp://physicsbuttresses.blogspot.ca/2008/12/physics-and-history-behind-buttresses.html


Rhttp://physicsbuttresses.blogspot.ca/2008/12/physics-and-history-behind-buttresses.html

R/2 R/6 R/3



The gothic arch
The gothic arch get our resulting Gothic arch.


Rose window constructions
Rose Window Constructions get our resulting Gothic arch.

  • Rose windows are primarily constructed with a compass and a straight edge.

  • There is many constructions that are possible with only these materials.

  • We have each constructed a rose window.

  • There are detailed instructions in the binder.

  • Using only basic techniques with a compass and a straight edge these rose windows were achieved.

  • There are a number of constructions possible with only these basic tools, we have given each of you a handout that give instructions.

  • http://www.greatdreams.com/sacred/Chartres-Rose-Window.jpg


Rose window construction
Rose window construction get our resulting Gothic arch.


Rose window construction1
Rose window construction get our resulting Gothic arch.


Rose window construction2
Rose window construction get our resulting Gothic arch.


Rose window construction3
Rose window construction get our resulting Gothic arch.


Rose window construction4
Rose window construction get our resulting Gothic arch.


References
References get our resulting Gothic arch.

  • Bogomolny, A. (2012) Chain of Inscribed Circles. Interactive Mathmatics Miscellany and Puzzles. Retrieved November 25, 2012 from http://www.cut-the-knot.org/Curriculum/Geometry/InversionInArbelos.shtml#theorem.

  • Bogomolny, A. (2012) Gothic Arc. Interactive Mathmatics Miscellany and Puzzles. Retrieved November 25, 2012 from http://www.cut-the-knot.org/Curriculum/Geometry/GothicArc.shtml.

  • Chiffriller, J. (n.d.). Tips & Tricks to Gothic Geometry. New York Carver. Retrieved November 1, 2012, from http://www.newyorkcarver.com/geometry/rose.htm.

  • Craven, J. (2012) What Is a “Buttress”? What is a “Flying Buttress”? About.com. Retrieved November 16, 2012 from http://architecture.about.com/od/buildingparts/g/buttresses.htm.

  • Fazio, M., Moffett, M., & Wodehouse, L. (2008). A World History of Architecture, Second Edition. McGraw-Hill Publishing.

  • Grodecki, L. (1976) Gothic Architecture. New York: Harry N. Adams Incrporated.

  • Nikolinakou, M., & Tallon, A. (n.d.) New Research in Early Gothic Flying Buttresses. University of Cambridge. Retrieved November 20, 2012 from http://www.arct.cam.ac.uk/Downloads/ichs/vol-3-2347-2362-nikolinakou.pdf.

  • Norwich, J. (2003) Great Architecture of the World. China: Da Capo Press.

  • Salpietra, M. (2010) Physics of Stone Arches. Nova. Retrieved November 21, 2012 from http://www.teachersdomain.org/asset/nv37_int_arches/.

  • Schneider, M. (n.d.) Geometry of the North Rose Window of Chartes Cathedral. Constructing the Universe. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://www.constructingtheuniverse.com/Chartres%20Window.html.

  • Young, R. (Spring 2012) Pappus of Alexandria and the Arbelos. University of Minnesota Morris. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://www.morris.umn.edu/academic/math/Ma4901/Sp2012/Near/Young-near.pdf.


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