Comprehension strategies emergent and young readers
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Comprehension Strategies: Emergent and Young Readers. ALYSE SCHWARTZ CAPITAL UNIVERSITY ADVISOR: DR. CHERYL DOBROKA. My Experience. *Charter School *Content Area Reading Strategies *Three Students *Literacy at home *Individualized Education Plans (IEP) *Computer Based Learning. Goal.

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Comprehension Strategies: Emergent and Young Readers

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Comprehension strategies emergent and young readers

Comprehension Strategies: Emergent and Young Readers




My experience

My Experience

*Charter School

*Content Area Reading Strategies

*Three Students

*Literacy at home

*Individualized Education Plans (IEP)

*Computer Based Learning

Comprehension strategies emergent and young readers


  • Increase reading comprehension through use of comprehension strategies

Key terms

Key Terms



Explicit Instruction

Active Engagement

Accommodation and Assimilation

Encoding and Decoding


Encoding and decoding

Encoding and Decoding

  • Decoding-Ability to read

  • Encoding-Comprehending what is read



  • Each student is an individual-make the classroom work for everyone

  • High Quality Instruction!

Example of differentiation

Example of Differentiation

Accomodation and assimilation

Accomodation and Assimilation

  • Accomodation-Changing what we know to add new information

  • Assimiliation-Adding information to what we already know

Active engagement

Active Engagement

  • Involving students

  • Hands-on

  • Not lecture based



  • Providing support to a student and slowly moving away from the amount of support given as student acquires skill

Explicit instruction

Explicit Instruction

  • Direct

  • Engaging

  • Modeling

  • Setting purpose

Comprehension strategies

Comprehension Strategies

Using Resources


Graphic Organizers

Reading Guides

Multiple Modalities

Read Alouds

High 5!

Making Connections


Comprehension strategies continued

Comprehension Strategies Continued

Using resources

Using Resources

  • Vocabulary Acquisition-DIRECT INSTRUCTION

    Examples: Thesaurus, glossary, “fact finder”

Note taking

Note Taking

Remember and Recall

Directly teach and practice

Examples: Guided Notes



How to take good notes!

1. Write the date at the top of your paper

2. Write the subject (Social Studies, Math, etc.)

3. Write what you are learning about in each subject

4. Write down key words and their definitions

*Many times key words are words that are highlighted or in bold font. Other times, you can find key words by looking for words that are in the book more than one time.

5. Write neatly and give spaces in between each definition and word.

6. Write down examples to help you remember how to complete a problem (This is especially helpful in math!)

Different ways to take notes:

1. Number or letter your notes

2. Highlight words in your notes

3. Use bullets or stars in your notes

4. Use charts

  • *There are lots of different ways to take notes, try different ways and see what you like best!

Graphic organizers

Graphic Organizers

  • Visually organizing information

  • Examples: Timelines, Venn Diagrams, Semantic Maps

Example of graphic organizer

Example of Graphic Organizer

Reading guides and questioning

Reading Guides and Questioning

Follow along with text-active process

Key information

Review and Discuss

Example of pre reading guide

Example of Pre-Reading Guide

Example of during reading guide

Example of During-Reading Guide

Multiple modalities making connections

Multiple Modalities & Making Connections

Text to….

Prior knowledge



Read alouds shared reading

Read Alouds & Shared Reading

Young and emergent readers who are unable or in the early stages of learning to read

High 5

High 5!

Background knowledge


Text structure

Mental Images “Making pictures in our head!”


High 5 strategy continued

High 5! Strategy Continued

1. Activate background knowledge

2. Questioning 

3. Analyzing text structure

4. Creating mental images 

5. Summarizing

Making comprehension fun

Making comprehension fun

Reiterates previously learned concepts

Examples: Games, Online Books

Effectiveness of strategies with my students

Effectiveness of Strategies with my students

What i learned

What I Learned

Use multiple strategies!

Teach one strategy at a time

Consider Zone of Proximal Development

Each strategy will work differently for each student and each text

Future planning what i still want to learn

Future Planning: What I still want to learn

Other fun methods to teach and incorporate comprehension strategies

Objectively assess reading comprehension

Increase parent-involvement

Creating a print-rich environment

Key to reading comprehension

Key to Reading Comprehension

  • Tell me and I’ll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I’ll understand”-Chinese Proverb

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