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Comprehension Strategies: Emergent and Young Readers. ALYSE SCHWARTZ CAPITAL UNIVERSITY ADVISOR: DR. CHERYL DOBROKA. My Experience. *Charter School *Content Area Reading Strategies *Three Students *Literacy at home *Individualized Education Plans (IEP) *Computer Based Learning. Goal.

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Comprehension strategies emergent and young readers

Comprehension Strategies: Emergent and Young Readers

ALYSE SCHWARTZ

CAPITAL UNIVERSITY

ADVISOR: DR. CHERYL DOBROKA


My experience
My Experience

*Charter School

*Content Area Reading Strategies

*Three Students

*Literacy at home

*Individualized Education Plans (IEP)

*Computer Based Learning


Goal

  • Increase reading comprehension through use of comprehension strategies


Key terms
Key Terms

Scaffolding

Modeling

Explicit Instruction

Active Engagement

Accommodation and Assimilation

Encoding and Decoding

Differentiation


Encoding and decoding
Encoding and Decoding

  • Decoding-Ability to read

  • Encoding-Comprehending what is read


Differentiation
Differentiation

  • Each student is an individual-make the classroom work for everyone

  • High Quality Instruction!



Accomodation and assimilation
Accomodation and Assimilation

  • Accomodation-Changing what we know to add new information

  • Assimiliation-Adding information to what we already know


Active engagement
Active Engagement

  • Involving students

  • Hands-on

  • Not lecture based


Scaffolding
Scaffolding

  • Providing support to a student and slowly moving away from the amount of support given as student acquires skill


Explicit instruction
Explicit Instruction

  • Direct

  • Engaging

  • Modeling

  • Setting purpose


Comprehension strategies
Comprehension Strategies

Using Resources

Note-taking

Graphic Organizers

Reading Guides

Multiple Modalities

Read Alouds

High 5!

Making Connections

Games



Using resources
Using Resources

  • Vocabulary Acquisition-DIRECT INSTRUCTION

    Examples: Thesaurus, glossary, “fact finder”


Note taking
Note Taking

Remember and Recall

Directly teach and practice

Examples: Guided Notes


Modeling
Modeling

How to take good notes!

1. Write the date at the top of your paper

2. Write the subject (Social Studies, Math, etc.)

3. Write what you are learning about in each subject

4. Write down key words and their definitions

*Many times key words are words that are highlighted or in bold font. Other times, you can find key words by looking for words that are in the book more than one time.

5. Write neatly and give spaces in between each definition and word.

6. Write down examples to help you remember how to complete a problem (This is especially helpful in math!)

Different ways to take notes:

1. Number or letter your notes

2. Highlight words in your notes

3. Use bullets or stars in your notes

4. Use charts

  • *There are lots of different ways to take notes, try different ways and see what you like best!


Graphic organizers
Graphic Organizers

  • Visually organizing information

  • Examples: Timelines, Venn Diagrams, Semantic Maps



Reading guides and questioning
Reading Guides and Questioning

Follow along with text-active process

Key information

Review and Discuss




Multiple modalities making connections
Multiple Modalities & Making Connections

Text to….

Prior knowledge

Experiences

Text/Pictures/Videos


Read alouds shared reading
Read Alouds & Shared Reading

Young and emergent readers who are unable or in the early stages of learning to read


High 5
High 5!

Background knowledge

Questioning

Text structure

Mental Images “Making pictures in our head!”

Summarizing


High 5 strategy continued
High 5! Strategy Continued

1. Activate background knowledge

2. Questioning 

3. Analyzing text structure

4. Creating mental images 

5. Summarizing


Making comprehension fun
Making comprehension fun

Reiterates previously learned concepts

Examples: Games, Online Books



What i learned
What I Learned

Use multiple strategies!

Teach one strategy at a time

Consider Zone of Proximal Development

Each strategy will work differently for each student and each text


Future planning what i still want to learn
Future Planning: What I still want to learn

Other fun methods to teach and incorporate comprehension strategies

Objectively assess reading comprehension

Increase parent-involvement

Creating a print-rich environment


Key to reading comprehension
Key to Reading Comprehension

  • Tell me and I’ll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I’ll understand”-Chinese Proverb


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