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Spatial Sense. How we think about things…. We See the Same Thing Differently. We See the Same Thing Differently. Spatial Reasoning. 7 Types Eye-Motor Coordination Figure-Ground Perception Perceptual Constancy Position-In-Space Perception Perception of Spatial Relationships

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Spatial sense

Spatial Sense

How we think about things…




Spatial reasoning
Spatial Reasoning

  • 7 Types

  • Eye-Motor Coordination

  • Figure-Ground Perception

  • Perceptual Constancy

  • Position-In-Space Perception

  • Perception of Spatial Relationships

  • Visual Discrimination

  • Visual Memory


Eye motor coordination
Eye-Motor Coordination

  • “Ability to coordinate vision with movement of the body” (p. 14).

  • Students weak here so busy with working their pencil, they miss the lesson.

  • Activities requiring EMC:

    • Staying within the lines

    • Tracing

    • Connecting dots


Figure ground perception
Figure-Ground Perception

  • “Visual act of identifying a specific component in a situation and involves shifts in perception of figures against complex backgrounds…” (p. 15).

  • Bouncing a ball and only “seeing” the ball

  • Activities requiring FGP:

    • Identify figure among overlapping ones

    • Complete a figure

    • Assemble a figure from its parts


Perceptual constancy
Perceptual Constancy

  • “Involves the recognition of certain geometric figures presented in a variety of sizes, shadings, textures, and positions in space and discrimination from similar figures” (p. 15).

  • Piaget – conservation of shape

    • Age 4 – 5 not a square

    • Age 6 – 7 same piece, but no longer a square

    • Age 8 – 9 both are squares

  • Activities requiring PC:

    • Identifying similar figures

    • Ordering objects by size

    • Identifying congruent figures


Position in space perception
Position-In-Space Perception

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  • “The ability to relate an object in space to oneself” (p. 17).

  • Children see themselves as the center of all things – all things are above, below, behind, or in front of them

  • Problems with PISP mean problems reading and writing as well as in math

  • Activities requiring PISP:

    • Drawing congruent figures

    • Identifying flip, slide, and turn images

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b

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Perception of spatial relationships
Perception of Spatial Relationships

  • “The ability to see two or more objects in relation to oneself or in relation to each other” (p. 17).

  • Closely related to PISP

  • Requires strong sense of body orientation

  • Activities requiring POSR:

    • Judging distances of things around you

    • Playing ball

    • Riding a bicycle


Visual discrimination
Visual Discrimination

  • “The ability to identify similarities and differences between or among objects” (p. 18).

  • Independent of position

  • Activities requiring VisD:

    • Sorting and classifying objects

    • Sorting and classifying geometric shapes

    • Working with attribute blocks


Visual memory
Visual Memory

  • “The ability to recall accurately objects no longer in view and relate their characteristics to other objects either in view or not in view” (p. 18).

  • Extreme case: Photographic memory

  • Most people can remember 5 – 7 objects for short periods of time

  • Activities requiring VM:

    • Briefly seeing a picture and then listing all of the things seen

    • Copying a figure seen briefly on a Geoboard to dot paper


References
References

  • Del Grande, J. (February, 1990). Spatial sense. Arithmetic Teacher, 14-20.


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