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Space Systems Engineering Curriculum Review. 29 November 2011 LCDR Henry Travis [email protected] Agenda. Curriculum Purpose Summary of Last Review Validation of Curriculum Requirements Quantitative Aspects Academic Design Review of Research Conclusion. 2. NPS Curricula Purpose.

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Space systems engineering curriculum review

Space Systems Engineering Curriculum Review

  • 29 November 2011

  • LCDR Henry Travis

  • [email protected]


Space systems engineering curriculum review

Agenda

Curriculum Purpose

Summary of Last Review

Validation of Curriculum Requirements

Quantitative Aspects

Academic Design

Review of Research

Conclusion

2


Nps curricula purpose

NPS Curricula Purpose

Fulfill technical and managerial education needs of the Navy


Space systems engineering curriculum review

591 Curriculum Purpose

Operations

S&T/R&D

Space Systems Engineering

Acquisition

Assessment

Requirements

Space Systems Operations

Educated and experienced Space Cadre personnel must

fill each link in the “National Security Space Chain.”


C sr information

CSR Information

Qualified Designators

1000 - 1000 / 1001 - 1019 / 1021 - 1049 / 1050 - 1050 / 1051 - 1099 / 1100 - 1109 / 1110 - 1119 / 1120 - 1129 / 1130 - 1139 / 1140 - 1159 / 1160 - 1169 / 1170 - 1179 / 1180 - 1189 / 1190 - 1199 / 1200 - 1209 / 1200 - 1299 / 1300 - 1399 / 1400 - 1499 / 1510 - 1519 / 1600 - 1609 / 1610 - 1629 / 1630 - 1649 / 1800 - 1899 /

Major Area Sponsor

Robert A. Klocek

202-781-1726

[email protected]

  • Curriculum number 591 at NPS

  • Tour lengths will be 18 months


Esr emphasis

ESR Emphasis

Computers

Signal Processing

Joint Strategy

and Policy

Analysis, Synthesis

& Evaluation

Guidance and Control

Project Management & System Acquisition

Structures, Materials & Dynamics

National Security Space Systems

Architecting Joint Military Space Missions

Design, Integration, & Systems Engineering

Orbital Mechanics, Space

Environment & Remote Sensing

Thermal Control

Advanced Concepts &

Technologies

Conduct & Report

Independent Research

Propulsion Systems

Communications

Information Superiority

Payload Design

Space Systems Operations

Space Systems Engineering

Power


Space systems engineering curriculum review

591 Course Matrix

  • Includes:

  • Integrated JPME

  • Degree Specialization

  • Degree Options:

  • MS-Astro

  • MS-Physics

  • MS-Electrical

  • MS-Mechanical

  • MS-Computer Science


Space systems engineering curriculum review

591 Curriculum Outcomes

Graduates prepared to competently fill space billets


Space systems engineering curriculum review

Agenda

Curriculum Purpose

Summary of Last Review

Validation of Curriculum Requirements

Quantitative Aspects

Academic Design

Review of Research

Conclusion

9


2009 space systems curricula review

2009 Space SystemsCurricula Review

  • Conducted 16 September 2009

    • Reviewed both 591 and 366

  • Major Changes to ESRs

    • Rewrote to incorporate Bloom’s Taxonomy

    • More accurately capture desired levels of learning for each requirement


2009 action items

2009 Action Items


Space systems engineering curriculum review

Agenda

Curriculum Purpose

Summary of Last Review

Validation of Curriculum Requirements

Quantitative Aspects

Academic Design

Review of Research

Conclusion

12


2011 space systems engineering curriculum review

2011 Space Systems Engineering Curriculum Review

  • Conducting review 29 November 2011

    • Reviewing only 591

    • Review of 366 will be conducted in 2012

  • Proposed changes to ESRs

    • Reflect changes to DoD acquisition instructions

    • More accurately capture required payload design skills

  • No matrix modifications recommended

    • Modify existing courses to meet ESR changes


Curriculum review process

Curriculum Review Process

Space Cadre & Sponsor Community Inputs

Faculty ESR Assessment Surveys

Graduate Surveys

SSAG Committee Inputs

Educational Skill Requirements

Curriculum / Course Content

Student Exit Surveys / SOFs


Faculty esr assessment

Faculty ESR Assessment

Comprehensive review of:

ESR to Course Mapping

Level each ESR is taught at compared to desired level

All instructors surveyed

Findings

All 591 ESRs are covered at desired level except 4d

ESR 4d: Graduates will understand the unique nature of space acquisition programs and the differences between the DoD 5000 acquisition process and the National Security Space NSS 03-01…

Covered at the A/A level vice S/E

ESR 4d no longer current


Continuous improvement steps

Continuous Improvement Steps

Continuing to use seminars to augment curricula

Speakers to help fill gaps, add perspective on key topics

Ex: SE case studies, ground systems, mission partners, etc.

Review “Course Blocks” AE/SS/EC

Investigate means to improve 591 matrix flexibility

Explore options to consolidate where feasible and appropriate

Continue discussion on AE track requirements as necessary


Curriculum content change

Curriculum Content Change

  • ESR Changes (591) – Sponsor Input

    • Add

      • Systems Engineering ESR

      • Ground Systems ESR

    • Modify

      • Payload ESR

  • Curriculum Content Changes – Sponsor, Surveys, Internal

    • Add

      • Systems Engineering content (591)

      • Ground Systems content (591)

      • Payload Systems content (591)

  • Curriculum Modifications – Sponsor, Surveys, Internal

    • Review Course Placement (366/591)

    • Increase Curriculum Flexibility (366/591)

      • Ability to take electives

      • Ability to pursue varied degree options


Proposed changes to esrs

Proposed Changes to ESRs

ESR descriptions

3c: National Space Systems

3e: National Space Systems

3f: National Space Systems

4d: Project Management and System Acquisition

5e: Communications

6a: Computers: Hardware and Software

7a: Spacecraft Guidance and Control

7b: Spacecraft Guidance and Control


Proposed esr 3c

Proposed ESR 3c

National Security Space Systems

Current

Graduates will examine the role of the Services / Agencies in establishing required space system capabilities, and will translate these capabilities into system performance requirements.

Proposed

Graduates will examine the role of the Services / Agencies in defining system architecture /mission performance and translating these into applicable space systems requirements.


Proposed esr 3e

Proposed ESR 3e

National Security Space Systems

Current

Graduates will develop and assess space tactics and/or CONOPS that integrate with and enhance or support military operations.

Proposed

Graduates will develop and assess space tactics and/or CONOPS, including space protection concepts that integrate with and enhance or support military operations.


Proposed esr 3f

Proposed ESR 3f

National Security Space Systems

Current

Graduates will identify how proposed space-related capabilities / doctrine are translated from concept to real-world implementation through experimentation.

Proposed

Graduates will identify how proposed space-related capabilities / doctrine transition from concept to real-world implementation through experimentation.


Proposed esr 4d

Proposed ESR 4d

Program Management & System Acquisition

Current

Graduates will examine the unique nature of space acquisition programs and the differences between the DoD 5000 acquisition process and space-specific acquisition processes (e.g., NRO Directive 7). Based on this knowledge, they will plan and structure a notional space system acquisition program.

Proposed

Graduates will examine the unique nature of space acquisition programs and plan a notional space system acquisition program.


Proposed esr 5e

Proposed ESR 5e

Spacecraft Communications and Signal Processing

Current

Graduates will examine how these space systems are used to meet Joint war-fighters’ communications requirements.

Proposed

Graduates will examine how current and planned space communications systems are used to meet Joint communications requirements.


Proposed esr 6a

Proposed ESR 6a

Computers: Hardware and Software

Current

Graduates will apply the fundamentals of digital logic and digital system design to the modeling / design of simple digital computer subsystems.

Proposed

Graduates will understand the fundamentals of digital logic and digital system design of simple digital computer subsystems.


Proposed esr 7 a

Proposed ESR 7a

Spacecraft Guidance and Control

Current

Graduates will examine the field of spacecraft guidance and control, to include topics such as linear control, rotational kinematics, rigid body dynamics, gravity gradient, spin and three-axis stabilization design, active nutation control, sources of and response to disturbance torques, and attitude determination and associated sensors and actuators.

Proposed

Graduates will analyze the field of spacecraft guidance and control, to include topics such as linear control, rotational kinematics, rigid body dynamics, gravity gradient, spin and three-axis stabilization design, active nutation control, sources of and response to disturbance torques, and attitude determination and associated sensors and actuators.


Proposed esr 7b

Proposed ESR 7b

Spacecraft Guidance and Control

Current

Graduates will apply these techniques to the analysis and design of spacecraft guidance and control systems.

Proposed

Graduates will apply these techniques to the design of spacecraft guidance and control systems.


Proposed changes to esr levels

Proposed Changes to ESR levels

ESR levels reduced to Knowledge/Comprehension (K/C)

2c: Orbital Mechanics and Space Environment

2e: Orbital Mechanics and Space Environment

3a: National Space Systems

3b: National Space Systems

5d: Communications

7a: Spacecraft Guidance and Control

7b: Spacecraft Guidance and Control


Proposed level for esr 2c

Proposed level for ESR 2c

Orbital Mechanics and Space Environment

Description

Graduates will examine the fundamentals of spacecraft tracking and command/control from a ground station.

Justification for teaching at K/C level

Until a course for Ground Systems can be developed and incorporated into the academic catalog, this ESR is being taught at the Knowledge/Comprehension level. A change to K/C would reflect the current level students are learning.


Proposed level for esr 2g

Proposed level for ESR 2g

Orbital Mechanics and Space Environment

Description

Graduates will examine the physical behavior of the upper atmosphere, ionosphere and space environment under the influence of both natural and artificial phenomena such as solar activity, geomagnetic and magnetospheric effects, and man-made disturbances.

Justification for teaching at K/C level

Current level (A/A) is higher than necessary for future course work. A thorough understanding of this important topic can be achieved at the K/C level.


Proposed level for esr 3a

Proposed level for ESR 3a

National Security Space Systems

Description

Graduates will examine the roles, responsibilities, and relationships of National and DoD organizations in establishing policies, priorities, and requirements for National Security Space systems; and in the design, acquisition, operation, and exploitation of these systems.

Justification for teaching at K/C level

Current level (A/A) is higher than necessary for future course work. A thorough understanding of this important topic can be achieved at the K/C level.


Proposed level for esr 3b

Proposed level for ESR 3b

National Security Space Systems

Description

Graduates will examine the nature of space warfare (theory, history, doctrine, and policy); distinguish between the four JP 3-14 defined Space Mission Areas (Space Control, Space Support, Force Enhancement, Force Application); and interpret how current and planned space capabilities contribute to the satisfaction of these mission areas.

Justification for teaching at K/C level

Current level (A/A) is higher than necessary for future course work. A thorough understanding of this important topic can be achieved at the K/C level.


Proposed level for esr 5d

Proposed level for ESR 5d

Communications

Description

Graduates will differentiate, compare, and contrast the characteristics and capabilities of current and future communications systems in use or planned by Naval operating and Joint forces afloat and ashore.

Justification for teaching at K/C level

Current level (A/A) is higher than necessary for future course work. A thorough understanding of this important topic can be achieved at the K/C level.


Space systems engineering core matrix

Space Systems EngineeringCore Matrix

  • Includes:

  • Integrated JPME

  • Degree Specialization

  • Degree Options:

  • MS-Astro

  • MS-Physics

  • MS-Electrical

  • MS-Mechanical

  • MS-Computer Science


Space systems engineering curriculum review

Space Systems Engineering

Possible Modified Matrix

  • Includes:

  • Integrated JPME

  • Degree Specialization

  • Degree Options:

  • MS-Astro

  • MS-Physics

  • MS-Electrical

  • MS-Mechanical

  • MS-Computer Science


Space systems engineering curriculum review

Degree Requirements

  • Students can earn degrees in one of several areas and each degree has their own requirements.

    • Astronautical Engineering

    • Physics

    • Electrical Engineering

    • Mechanical Engineering

    • Computer Science

  • Students can earn different levels of degrees

    • Master’s Degree

    • Engineer’s Degree

    • Dual Degree

    • PhD


  • Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Agenda

    Curriculum Purpose

    Summary of Last Review

    Validation of Curriculum Requirements

    Quantitative Aspects

    Academic Design

    Review of Research

    Conclusion

    36


    Quantitative aspects

    Quantitative Aspects

    • Fit and fill difficult to influence without space cadre becoming a naval community.

    • Class size of 10

      • Most graduates are URL and required to return to operational billets

      • Others are from joint services or civilian.

      • 3 students headed to billets at NRO after graduation.

    • APC insufficient as a decision tool, transcripts ALWAYS reviewed.


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Space Systems Engineering (591) Navy Quotas vs. Fills

    38


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Space Systems Engineering (591) Masters Graduates by CY

    39


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Space Systems Engineering (591) Masters & PhD Graduates by Service

    Take away:

    Students from other services are vital to the success of our program

    40


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Space Systems Engineering (591) Masters & PhD Naval Graduates by Community

    Take away:

    URLs make up less than half of our Navy students.

    41


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Agenda

    Curriculum Purpose

    Summary of Last Review

    Validation of Curriculum Requirements

    Quantitative Aspects

    Academic Design

    Review of Research

    Conclusion

    42


    591 graduate esr satisfaction survey

    591 Graduate ESR Satisfaction Survey

    Note: Specific numbers may not be statistically relevant due to small sample size.


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Topic% Agreed

    Overall excellent program 93

    High-quality space courses 88

    Thesis a valuable component 62

    Field trips a worthwhile aspect 98

    High-quality space faculty 93

    Responsive program officer 96

    Adequate student study space 100

    591 Graduate Exit Survey


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    CONCLUSIONS

    No courses need to be eliminated

    Acquisition (MN3331) should be modified to reflect changes to DoD 5000

    Emphasize systems engineering in design project

    591 Graduate Exit Survey


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Accreditation status

    Degrees are accredited, not curricula.

    Thesis quality and relevance

    Outstanding

    Sponsor and NPS funding

    Critical

    Academic Design & Execution


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Agenda

    Curriculum Purpose

    Summary of Last Review

    Validation of Curriculum Requirements

    Quantitative Aspects

    Academic Design

    Review of Research

    Conclusion

    47


    Sp research efforts in 591

    SP Research Efforts in 591

    Objective: Provide space weather products and research into ionospheric physics.

    Challenges: Integration of 8 experiments onto micro-satellite platform.

    Status: STP-2 medium launch vehicle July 2014

    Title: NPS Spacecraft Architecture & Tech Demo Satellite

    Students: Various

    PI: Rudy Panholzer

    Objective: Provide launch vehicle integration capability for CubeSat community.

    Challenges: COTS component integration and launch vehicle integration

    Status: Scheduled for NRO L-36 launch in July 2012

    Title: CubeSat Launcher

    Students: Mr. Vidur Kaushish

    Ms. Wenschel Lan

    PI: Jim Newman

    Objective: Observe satellites or debris predicted to pass close to space assets

    Challenges: Integration of Colony II bus and LLNL (Lincoln Labs) optical payload

    Status: Scheduled for NRO L-36 launch in July 2012

    Title: Space Situational Awareness

    Students: LT Vidal Lozada

    LT Tolu O’Brien

    Ms. Madison Studholme

    PI: Jim Newman


    Mae research efforts in 591

    MAE Research Efforts in 591

    Objective: Deriving & Simulating N-CMG Pyramid full equations of motion

    Challenges: Current lack of detail in CMG system equations of motion

    Status: Project complete by December 2011

    Title: CMG Mathematical Models

    Students: Christine McManus

    PI: I. Michael Ross

    Objective: Design, fabrication, analysis of single gimbal Control Moment Gyro

    Challenges: Development of CMG from scratch

    Status: Project complete by December 2012

    Title: CMG Development

    Students: Kerri Ackman

    PI: I. Michael Ross

    Objective: Autonomous vehicle movement w/o a priori knowledge of obstacles

    Challenges: COTS component integration and launch vehicle integration

    Status: Project complete by December 2012

    Title: Autonomous vehicle

    Students: Travis Bateman

    PI: I. Michael Ross

    Objective: Fully-autonomous, optimized-trajectory flight while tracking a target/object

    Challenges: Implementation of SLUGS chip on Aerial Autonomous Vehicle

    Status: Project complete by December 2012

    Title: Autonomous vehicle

    Students: Marta Savage

    PI: I. Michael Ross

    Objective: Develop autonomous satellite tasking and maneuver algorithm

    Challenges: Automation of a manual process with an increase in performance

    Status: Initial planning

    Title: Satellite Maneuvering

    Students: Jeff King

    PI: I. Michael Ross


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Agenda

    Curriculum Purpose

    Summary of Last Review

    Validation of Curriculum Requirements

    Quantitative Aspects

    Academic Design

    Review of Research

    Conclusion

    50


    2011 space systems engineering curricula review conclusions

    2011 Space Systems Engineering Curricula Review Conclusions

    • Program produces qualified and competent graduates

    • Curriculum supports sponsor’s needs

    • No matrix modifications recommended

      • Modify existing courses to meet ESR changes.

  • Make minor changes to ESRs


  • 2011 action items

    2011 Action Items


    2011 space systems engineering curricula review executive summary

    2011 Space Systems EngineeringCurricula Review Executive Summary

    • Space Systems Engineering Program is on solid footing

      • ESRs accurately capture skills required by National Security Space Professionals in Navy & other services/agencies

      • Courses mapped to every ESR

        • Demonstrates robust coverage of ESRs

        • Ensures ESRs covered at the appropriate level

        • Allows faculty to have ownership of specific ESRs

    • Continuous improvement continuous

      • New payload course developed

        • Would take space in an already full matrix

        • Would need to go through Academic Council process prior to implementation

      • Several courses being migrated to two-course sequence

        • PH3052, PH3360: culminate in EO/IR payload topics

        • EO2525, EO3525: culminate in COMINT/SIGINT payload topics

        • EC2820, SS3035: culminate in Ground Segment topics


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Back up slides

    54


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Space Systems Engineering (591) Masters Graduates by CY

    55


    Challenges

    Challenges

    • Sponsorship for TS/SCI network access

      • Effects those looking to work on a classified thesis

    • Polygraph appointments backlogged

      • Only effects those going to NRO after graduation.


    Bloom s taxonomy knowledge comprehension examples

    Bloom’s Taxonomy Knowledge / Comprehension Examples

    • Identify, define and compute the Classical Orbital Elements

    • List the mission elements SMAD identifies as part of every space mission architecture

    • Describe the various spacecraft subsystems


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Bloom’s Taxonomy Application / Analysis Examples

    • Compute the delta-V necessary for an orbital transfer from a LEO parking orbit to GEO

    • Explain the relationship between orbit characteristics and sensor performance (resolution, persistence, revisit, access area, etc.)

    • Explain common trade-offs between spacecraft subsystems (pointing, slewing, power, communications throughput, etc.)


    Space systems engineering curriculum review

    Bloom’s Taxonomy Synthesis / Evaluation Examples

    • Generate candidate spacecraft / architecture designs to satisfy mission requirements

    • Analyze, evaluate and select the preferred design according to criteria / MOE /MOP developed during the design process

    • Support this selection using quantitative and qualitative arguments in a critical environment


    Nps cubesat launcher npscul

    NPS CubeSat Launcher (NPSCuL)

    NPSCuL Concept

    • Objectives

    • NPSCL is being developed to solve the problem of access to space for US Government, US University, and US commercial CubeSats and is being developed in the context of NPS student education.

    • Enabling technology for access to space (via U.S. launchers)

    • Urgent & prolonged need for military space professionals

    • Need to foster innovation in universities for DOD-relevant science & technology

    • Relatively affordable and timely DoD technology demonstration

    • Student Involvement (current students underlined):

    • LT Matt CrookLT Anthony Harris

    • LT Christina HicksMr Vidur Kaushish

    • LT Adam DeJesusMs Wenschel Lan (PhD candidate)

    • Summer interns

    • Schedule:

    • 2010prelimary structural qualification at ABC loads

    • 2011-12final qualification

    • 2012-01P-POD integration

    • 2012-07~NRO L-36 launch

    • Contact Info:

    • PI:Jim Newman, Professor, Space Systems, NPS

    • [email protected] (831) 656-2487

    • Description

    • NPSCuL can attach to any ESPA-compatible, 15 inch bolt hole circle.

    • NPSCuL has been manifested on NRO L-36, in early 2012. The Aft Bulkhead Carrier (ABC) sits on the aft end of an Atlas V Centaur and is ESPA-compatible for mounting auxiliary payloads, up to a certain size and about 175 lbs mass.

    • At the appropriate time during insertion, either before or, most likely, after deployment of the primary payload, the CubeSats can be deployed by sequential opening of the P-POD doors.


    Space situational awareness ssa

    Space Situational Awareness (SSA)

    • Space Telescope for the Actionable Refinement of Ephemeris (STARE) –

    • based on Boeing Colony II Bus and LLNL optical P/L

    • NPS Objectives:

    • Integration of Boeing’s Colony II Bus and LLNL optical payload

      • NPS-delivered integration board is complete

    • Vibration and thermal testing of EDU and flight unit

    • Testing of Colony II Bus

    • Deliverables:

    • Provide “hands on” educational opportunities for space cadre and other disciplines in the fields of CubeSat integration and testing

    • After launch, collaboration with Mobile CubeSat Command and Control (MC3) to receive and analyze data from satellite

    • Technical Objective

    • SSA STARE is a joint LLNL, Texas A&M University and NPS project that will provide space situational awareness by:

    • Observing satellites or debris predicted to pass close to vulnerable space assets

    • Transmitting images and positions of the observations to the ground

    • Refining orbital parameters of observed objects to reduce uncertainty in conjunction analysis

    • Technical Approaches:

    • Student Theses and Directed Study Projects

    • Collaboration with LLNL and TAMU to integrate payload and test

    • Student Involvements (current students underlined):

    • Thesis Students:

    • LT Jason FlanaganLT Tolu O’Brien

    • LT Vidal LozadaMs Madison Studholme

    • Schedule:

    • 2011-09EDU model delivery from Boeing

    • 2011-11Integration build complete

    • 2012-07launch NRO L-36

    • Contact Info:

    • PI:Jim Newman, Professor, Space Systems, NPS

    • [email protected] (831) 656-2487


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