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Your Mission:. To Study the Colon To Study the Dash To Study the Hyphen To Study Brackets. colon :. Rule 1:Introduce a List. Example: Bring the following : forks, knives, and spoons. colon :. Rule 2:Introduce a Second Main Clause Which Explains the First. Example:

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Presentation Transcript

• To Study the Colon

• To Study the Dash

• To Study the Hyphen

• To Study Brackets

colon :

• Rule 1:Introduce a List.

• Example:

• Bring the following: forks, knives, and spoons.

colon :

• Rule 2:Introduce a Second Main Clause Which Explains the First.

• Example:

• Her excuse is valid: she does not have transportation.

colon :

• Rule 3:Emphasize a Following Appositive.

• Example:

• He had only one motive: love.

Dash --

• Rule 1:Set Off a Parenthetical (information in between) Element.

• Example:

• He told her—believe it or not—to leave.

Dash --

• Rule 2:Emphasize an Appositive.

• Example:

• English, history, and science—all are required.

Hyphen -

• Rule 1:Join Compound Words Functioning as a Single Unit.

• Example:

• May I introduce my mother-in-law?

• Donny has a better-late-than-never disposition.

NOTE: The hyphen is shorter than the dash.

Hyphen -

• Rule 2:Join Fractions and Compound Numbers from 21 to 99.

• Example:

• He gave me two-thirds of his pay check.

• Nathan is twenty-one years old today.

Hyphen -

• Rule 3:Use with Prefixes Ex- and Self-.

• Example:

• Mr. McCaslin is the ex-president of the company.

• Self-denial builds character.

Brackets [ ]

• YOU HAVE NO TIME in timed writing to copy unnecessary words, so leave them out!

• Use a bracket […] to show your deletions.

…

• "Rome had several mad emperors. [Nero] was the maddest of them all. . . . Legend has it . . . he played his harp while the city went up in flames."

• The 4th dot after “all” is a period for the end of the sentence.

• DO NOT leave out a phrase like “legend has it,” because that would change the author’s meaning!

• "Rome had several mad emperors. [Nero] was the maddest of them all. . . . Legend has it . . . he played his harp [some say he fiddled] while the city went up in flames.“

• Notice the brackets to replace “he” with the name. Notice it’s not “He [Nero] was…”

• Notice the brackets to make an inserted comment after “harp.” Only do that if it’s really necessary and will save you time later.