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“…With all my senses I enjoy the world that round me lies…” . Why is it important to discuss ecological problems?. The nation that destroys its soil destroys itself. Franklin D. Roosevelt.
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The nation that destroys its soil destroys itself.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Air pollution is our common problem, so we can solve this problem working together.
Millions of cars, trucks, buses and airplanes pollute and spoil the air. Smoke and gases also come from plants and factories. They are the main polluters.
The effects of air pollution are not good. Air pollution is harmful to many species. Air pollution can cause serious diseases. It causes a lot of illnesses: common cold, asthma, bronchitis, lung cancer, heart failure and so on.
People dump industrial and nuclear waste into rivers, lakes, oceans.
If people drink such water, they can die too.
There are no oceans and seas, which are not used as a dump.
People shouldn’t use rivers and lakes as a dump.
The disaster of the Gulf of Mexico happened last year. An explosion in the Gulf of Mexico led to the largest oil spill in history. The spill causedgreat damage to marine and wildlife habitats. As a result many fish and sea animals were poisoned and killed. The damage of the spill is still being removed.
THERE ARE A LOT OF REASONS THAT CAUSE THE PROCESS OF DEFORESTATION. SOME OF THEM ARE: FIRES, CUTTING DOWN TREES, INDUSTRIAL AND NUCLEAR WASTE AND OTHERS.
Deforestation influences the water cycle. Deforestation badly influences the groundwater, preventing the soil from keeping rain water.
Nuclear power stations give us cheap electricity. But this way of getting energy is very dangerous.
Nuclear pollution can be caused by atomic explosions.
Shadow of a man sitting at the time of the explosion on the stairs in front of the bank, 250 meters from the epicenter
It was a ca lm and sunny Monday morning …
In the epicenter of the explosion all people died instantly, their bodies were turned into charcoal. Birds flying past were burnt in the air. Dry, flammable materials such as paper, burnt at a distance of 2 km from the epicenter. It was the only example of the combat use of nuclear weapons in history.
Chernobyl disaster in the Ukraine in 1986 was the world\'s worst nuclear power plant accident. Radiation was carried across Europe by clouds.
In March 2011 an earthquake and tsunami caused damage at the Fukushima at Nuclear Power Plant in Japan. The accident has surpassed the Three Mile Island accident, and is comparable to the 1986 Chernobyl disaster.
Around 20 – 30 tons of high - level waste are produced per month per nuclear reactor. All the world\'s nuclear power stations create about 10,000 metric tons of nuclear waste each year.
- If we cut down trees, …………………………..
- If we pick up a lot of wild flowers……………..
- If governments test nuclear weapons,…………
- If we pollute the air we breathe in, ……………
- If plants dump waste into lakes and rivers,……
- If we don’t take care of animals, ……………...
1. What are the main ecological problems of our city?
air, noise, water pollution; the problem of deforestation and waste
2. How large is our city ?
The area ofMoscow is 1080 sq km
3. How large is the population in Moscow?
9 ml people live in Moscow, but 4 ml people come to Moscow every day
4. How many cars are there on the roads of Moscow every day?
There are more than 3 ml cars on the roads every day.
5. How many power stations are there in Moscow?
There are 4 thousand industrial enterprises,71 industrial zone,14 large energy stations, 63 small energy stations in Moscow.
6.How many harmful substances does our city get every year?
The city gets 1.8 ml harmful substances every year, 90 % of them are from cars.
7. What parks do you know in Moscow? What is the largest wood massive?
Losiny Ostrov is the largest natural park in Moscow. Do you know that since 1961 23 species of fauna have vanished from our greenery.
8.What districts of Moscow are not healthy for living?
They are Central, Eastern, North western and Zelenogradscy districts.
9.What part of people in Moscow lives in unacceptable noise pollution?
70% of our population live in unacceptable noise conditions.
10. What happens with the garbage and waste our city produces?
Recycling plants process 40 000 tons of waste per year. But it’s not enough for our city.
What should everybody do to improve ecological situation?