Tobacco and it s effects
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Tobacco and it’s effects. By Todd Corabi Some information taken from Glencoe Health pre-made powerpoints from Teen Health series. FACT: Smoking and Obesity are the 2 single highest causes of preventable death in the United States. . Forms of Tobacco.

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Tobacco and it s effects

Tobacco and it’s effects

By Todd Corabi

Some information taken from Glencoe Health pre-made powerpoints from Teen Health series

FACT: Smoking and Obesity are the 2 single highest causes of preventable death in the United States.


Forms of tobacco

Forms of Tobacco

Tobacco products are made from the Tobacco plant. The can be smoked, inhaled, chewed and absorbed.

  • Products that are smoked:

    • Cigarettes

    • Cigars and pipes

  • Smokeless products:

    • Chewing tobacco

    • Snuff, dip, “spit”


Cigarettes

Cigarettes

Cigarettes (which most of this powerpoint will focus on) are made from shredded tobacco leaves.

A single puff of tobacco smoke contains

more than 4000 chemicals

Most of these chemicals prevent the body

from functioning the way it should

Between 43-80 these chemicals cause cancer

In the United States, more than 400,000 people die each year because of smoke-related illnesses.


Why teens begin using tobacco

Why Teens Begin Using Tobacco

Wanting to look “cool”

PEER PRESSURE

Wanting to be just like a favorite celebrity

Parents or family members use tobacco

Too hooked to be able to quit

Other…see below

Other: readily available, social settings, to fit in, do not believe facts, addicted due to second hand smoke?


What is in tobacco

What Is in Tobacco?

Cigarettes contain 3 different components that cause harm to the body

Nicotine:

the drug in tobacco. It is a stimulant and highly addictive

Carbon monoxide

a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas produced when tobacco burns

Tar

a sticky brownish liquid that coats any part of the body that smoke touches including the lining of the lungs and causes diseases


Cigars and pipes

Cigars and Pipes

Although most of this power point concerns cigarettes, shredded tobacco leaves are also used in cigars and pipes.

Dangers of using cigars or pipes:

  • Cigar smoke contains 25 times more carbon monoxide and up to 400 times more nicotine than cigarette smoke.

  • Cigar and pipe smokers are more likely to develop cancers of the lip, mouth, and tongue than nonsmokers.


Tobacco addiction

Tobacco Addiction

Nicotine: type of drug = stimulant

is as addictive or more so a drug as cocaine or heroin.

Nicotine addiction leads to more diseases and deaths than all other addictions combined.

Reducing or cutting off the supply of nicotine causes withdrawal.


Psychological dependence

Psychological Dependence

A tobacco user first becomes psychologically dependent on tobacco.

Psychological dependence leads to addiction because a person believes that he or she needs a drug in order to feel good or function normally although they really do not

To break a psychological dependence on tobacco, users need to change their habits.


Physical dependence

Physical Dependence

Physical dependence is an addiction in which the body develops a chemical need for a drug.

Physical dependence on tobacco is directly related to nicotine.

As a person continues to use tobacco, the body’s tolerance for nicotine increases.

Tolerance is the body’s need for larger and larger doses of a drug to produce the same effect.


Parts of the respiratory system

Tar can stick to any of these inside organs and things within and around them such as the teeth in your mouth and sinus cavities

Parts of the Respiratory System

Epiglottis

Flap of tissue in back of mouth that covers the trachea to prevent food from entering it

Nose/Mouth

Passages for

air; nose lined

with cilia

Bronchi

Two tubes that branch from the trachea; one tube leads to each lung

Trachea

Tube in throat that takes air to and from lungs

Lungs

Two large organs that exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide


Harmful substances in tobacco smoke

Harmful chemicals include but are not limited to…..

Harmful Substances in Tobacco Smoke

Cyanide

is a deadly

poison.

Methanol,

a poisonous

liquid alcohol,

is known to cause blindness.

Formaldehyde is an irritating, acidic gas used in laboratory disinfectants and preservatives.


Some short term effects of smoking include

SomeShort term effects of smoking include

  • Increases Heart Rate, Blood Pressure and Breathing Rate

  • Activates Fight or Flight Response

  • Increases alertness (makes you hyper)

  • Decreases Digestive System

  • Tricks people to think they are relaxed

  • Bad Breath

  • Smell on clothes, hair and skin

  • Lowers amount of Oxygen going into body


Tobacco and it s effects

Respiratory System

Tobacco smoke damages

the alveoli. This damage may

lead to emphysema.

Smokers are also between

12 and 22 times more likely

than nonsmokers

to develop lung

cancer.

Some long term effects of smoking include………………

Digestive System

increase the risk

of cavities and gum

disease.

Taste Buds die.

linked to cancers

of the mouth, throat,

esophagus, stomach,

and pancreas.

Circulatory

System

Tobacco use is

linked to

heart disease.

Excretory System

Smokers have at least

twice the risk of

developing bladder

cancer as nonsmokers.

Smokeless tobacco

can also put users

at risk of developing

bladder cancer.

Nervous System

Tobacco use reduces

the flow of oxygen

to the brain, which

can lead to a

stroke.


Some more long term effects of smoking

Some more Long Term Effects of Smoking


Smoking is the 1 risk factor associated with heart attacks and heart disease

Smoking is the #1 risk factor associated with Heart Attacks and Heart Disease


Common problems of the respiratory system associated with smoking

Common Problems of the Respiratory System associated with smoking

Disease or

Disorder

Description

Treatment

is a chronic inflammation of the bronchi (medium-size airways) in the lungs.

Chronic

Bronchitis

Bronchodilators

Disease in which alveoli harden and disintegrate; symptoms include extreme difficulty breathing; almost entirely caused by smoking

No known cure;

pure oxygen can

make breathing

easier

Emphysema

Uncontrolled growth

of cells that produce

abnormally in lungs;

often caused by smoking

Surgery, radiation,

and medication;

Survival rates are

very low

Lung Cancer


How tobacco affects nonsmokers cont d

How Tobacco Affects Nonsmokers (cont’d.)

Exposure to secondhand smoke causes people to become passive smokers.

Passive smoking is harmful because:

  • It can cause respiratory problems, including lung cancer, just like smoking.

  • It may irritate the nose and throat and cause itchy and watery eyes, headaches, and coughing.


Rights of nonsmokers

Rights of Nonsmokers

As a nonsmoker, you have the right to:

  • Breathe air that is free of tobacco smoke.

  • Express your preference that people not smoke around you.


Rights of nonsmokers cont d

Rights of Nonsmokers (cont’d.)

Laws protecting the rights of nonsmokers:

  • In 1989, the federal government banned smoking on all domestic airplane flights.

  • Almost every state government has put restrictions on smoking.

  • Employers have a legal right to restrict smoking in the workplace, and many have banned smoking.


Children and unborn babies

Children and Unborn Babies

Tobacco use during pregnancy is associated with the following:

  • Increased chance of miscarriage

  • Increased chance of stillbirth

  • Low birth weight.


Children and unborn babies cont d

Children and Unborn Babies (cont’d.)

Infants whose mothers smoke during and after pregnancy are three times more likely to die from a condition known as Sudden Infant Death Syndrome than are infants whose mothers do not smoke.

Children of smokers experience higher rates of allergies, asthma, chronic bronchitis, ear infections, and heart problems.


The benefits of saying no to tobacco

The Benefits of Saying No to Tobacco


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