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Bellringer. Why didn’t ancient Greece invent feudalism?. Agenda. The Renaissance Renaissance Art Thesis statement practice. Objectives. Students will be able to… 66. Explain the economic and cultural foundations of the Renaissance.

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Bellringer

Bellringer

  • Why didn’t ancient Greece invent feudalism?


Agenda

Agenda

  • The Renaissance

  • Renaissance Art

  • Thesis statement practice


Objectives

Objectives

Students will be able to…

66. Explain the economic and cultural foundations of the Renaissance.

67. Describe the artistic, political, and philosophical developments of the Renaissance.


Europe suffers

Europe Suffers…

  • The Middle Ages

    • Focus on survival

    • Wars

    • Plagues

    • Ignorance

  • But finally, a recovery…


The renaissance

Objective #66

The Renaissance

  • Renaissance: a rebirth of culture

    • Greek and Roman culture return!

  • Almost a golden age

    • Prosperity? 

    • Cultural development? 

    • Peace? Sort of


How did it start

How did it start?

  • The effect of the Crusades

    • Re-learning of Greco-Roman ideas from interaction with the Muslims

    • Increased demand for Middle Eastern products

    • Stimulated production of stuff to sell in the Middle East

  • Banks


Banking and credit

Banking and Credit

  • For long-distance trade

    • Barter is inefficient

    • So is carrying gold and silver

  • Instead, carry a letter of credit

    • Bank promise that you have the money

    • Banks work out the details later


Other economic ideas

Other Economic Ideas

  • Interest: the price you pay to borrow money

    • Church calls this a sin (usury)

    • Traders become more secular

  • Bookkeeping

    • Hard to do with Roman numerals

    • Arabic numerals introduced (though invented in India)


Italian renaissance

Italian Renaissance

  • Starts in Italy. Why?

    • Competitive city-states, governed as republics

    • Dominated trade routes between Middle East and northern Europe

    • Lived on top of Roman culture, stole Greek culture from Constantinople


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Genoa

Venice

Florence


City state politics

City-State Politics

  • Initially republics, but wealthy families came to dominate

    • Control trade, then control government

    • Liked to spend their money on art to show off – patrons


Machiavelli

Objective #67

Machiavelli

  • Machiavelli’s The Prince

    • Political philosophy for absolute power

    • Ends justify the means

      • Better to be feared than loved

      • Do good when possible, evil when necessary


Renaissance spirit

Renaissance Spirit

  • Humanism

    • Study of classics, focus on human potential and achievements

      • Shift of values from Christianity

    • Petrarch (humanist poet)

  • Secular

    • Worldly focus, even for church leaders

    • Have pretty, expensive stuff on earth


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Art

  • With patrons and an emphasis on having nice things on earth, art flourishes

  • Themes:

    • Middle Ages: church and salvation

    • Renaissance: individuals and worldly matters (and churchy things)


Bellringer

Art

A mini-webquest


Famous artists

Famous Artists

Leonardo

Raphael

Michelangelo

Donatello


Leonardo da vinci

Leonardo Da Vinci

  • The Renaissance Man

    • Many interests and talents

    • Painter, sculptor, architect, musician, inventor, engineer, scientist, anatomist…

  • Famous Works

    • Mona Lisa

    • Last Supper


Mona lisa

Mona Lisa


Last supper

Last Supper


Michelangelo

Michelangelo

  • Sculptor, architect, and painter

  • Famous works

    • Most known for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

    • Considered himself a better sculptor

      • Pieta

      • David


Sistine chapel

Sistine Chapel

“The Creation of Adam”


Pieta

Pieta


Michelangelo s david

Michelangelo’s David


Raphael

Raphael

  • Painter and architect

  • Famous works (several rooms in the Vatican)

    • School of Athens


School of athens

School of Athens


Donatello

Donatello

  • Much less famous than the others

  • Also made a statue of David


Northern renaissance

Northern Renaissance


Northern renaissance1

Northern Renaissance

  • Wealth supports Renaissance ideas

    • Recover after Hundred Years War

    • More trade and more cities

  • Humanism with more of a focus on religion than in Italy

    • Erasmus: The Praise of Folly

    • Sir Thomas More: Utopia

    • Shakespeare


The printing press

The Printing Press

  • Invented in 1450 by Johann Gutenberg

    • Spreads learning and ideas (more books)

    • Gutenberg Bible


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