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Bellringer. Why didn’t ancient Greece invent feudalism?. Agenda. The Renaissance Renaissance Art Thesis statement practice. Objectives. Students will be able to… 66. Explain the economic and cultural foundations of the Renaissance.

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Bellringer
Bellringer

  • Why didn’t ancient Greece invent feudalism?


Agenda
Agenda

  • The Renaissance

  • Renaissance Art

  • Thesis statement practice


Objectives
Objectives

Students will be able to…

66. Explain the economic and cultural foundations of the Renaissance.

67. Describe the artistic, political, and philosophical developments of the Renaissance.


Europe suffers
Europe Suffers…

  • The Middle Ages

    • Focus on survival

    • Wars

    • Plagues

    • Ignorance

  • But finally, a recovery…


The renaissance

Objective #66

The Renaissance

  • Renaissance: a rebirth of culture

    • Greek and Roman culture return!

  • Almost a golden age

    • Prosperity? 

    • Cultural development? 

    • Peace? Sort of


How did it start
How did it start?

  • The effect of the Crusades

    • Re-learning of Greco-Roman ideas from interaction with the Muslims

    • Increased demand for Middle Eastern products

    • Stimulated production of stuff to sell in the Middle East

  • Banks


Banking and credit
Banking and Credit

  • For long-distance trade

    • Barter is inefficient

    • So is carrying gold and silver

  • Instead, carry a letter of credit

    • Bank promise that you have the money

    • Banks work out the details later


Other economic ideas
Other Economic Ideas

  • Interest: the price you pay to borrow money

    • Church calls this a sin (usury)

    • Traders become more secular

  • Bookkeeping

    • Hard to do with Roman numerals

    • Arabic numerals introduced (though invented in India)


Italian renaissance
Italian Renaissance

  • Starts in Italy. Why?

    • Competitive city-states, governed as republics

    • Dominated trade routes between Middle East and northern Europe

    • Lived on top of Roman culture, stole Greek culture from Constantinople


Genoa

Venice

Florence


City state politics
City-State Politics

  • Initially republics, but wealthy families came to dominate

    • Control trade, then control government

    • Liked to spend their money on art to show off – patrons


Machiavelli

Objective #67

Machiavelli

  • Machiavelli’s The Prince

    • Political philosophy for absolute power

    • Ends justify the means

      • Better to be feared than loved

      • Do good when possible, evil when necessary


Renaissance spirit
Renaissance Spirit

  • Humanism

    • Study of classics, focus on human potential and achievements

      • Shift of values from Christianity

    • Petrarch (humanist poet)

  • Secular

    • Worldly focus, even for church leaders

    • Have pretty, expensive stuff on earth


Art

  • With patrons and an emphasis on having nice things on earth, art flourishes

  • Themes:

    • Middle Ages: church and salvation

    • Renaissance: individuals and worldly matters (and churchy things)


Art

A mini-webquest


Famous artists
Famous Artists

Leonardo

Raphael

Michelangelo

Donatello


Leonardo da vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci

  • The Renaissance Man

    • Many interests and talents

    • Painter, sculptor, architect, musician, inventor, engineer, scientist, anatomist…

  • Famous Works

    • Mona Lisa

    • Last Supper




Michelangelo
Michelangelo

  • Sculptor, architect, and painter

  • Famous works

    • Most known for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

    • Considered himself a better sculptor

      • Pieta

      • David


Sistine chapel
Sistine Chapel

“The Creation of Adam”




Raphael
Raphael

  • Painter and architect

  • Famous works (several rooms in the Vatican)

    • School of Athens



Donatello
Donatello

  • Much less famous than the others

  • Also made a statue of David



Northern renaissance1
Northern Renaissance

  • Wealth supports Renaissance ideas

    • Recover after Hundred Years War

    • More trade and more cities

  • Humanism with more of a focus on religion than in Italy

    • Erasmus: The Praise of Folly

    • Sir Thomas More: Utopia

    • Shakespeare


The printing press
The Printing Press

  • Invented in 1450 by Johann Gutenberg

    • Spreads learning and ideas (more books)

    • Gutenberg Bible


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